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Sec2 Chap6 Ww2[1]

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Sec2 Chap6 Ww2[1]

  1. 1. WORLD WAR II
  2. 2. WORLD WAR II <ul><li>WWI 8.5 million dead </li></ul><ul><li>WWII 45 million dead </li></ul>
  3. 3. <ul><li>Germany after WWI </li></ul><ul><li>Europe engulfed in war </li></ul>THE WAR IN EUROPE
  4. 4. <ul><li>Defeat of the Central Powers by the Allies </li></ul><ul><li>Treaty of Versailles was signed by both parties </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Germany had to pay a large sum of money to the Allies for damage caused in WWI </li></ul></ul>GERMANY AFTER WWI
  5. 5. <ul><li>Germany after WWI </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Blamed for WWI </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Very small army and navy allowed </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>War Reparations - paid large sums of money for the damage they caused </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Lost its colonies and overseas possessions </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>New German govt faced many problems </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Great hardship for Germans </li></ul></ul></ul>RISE OF GERMANY
  6. 6. <ul><li>Adolf Hitler </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Under these conditions arose a leader </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Known for his courage and bravery </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Formed the Nazi Party </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>National Socialist German Workers’ Party </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Planned to make Germany rich and powerful again </li></ul></ul>RISE OF GERMANY
  7. 7. HITLER IN WWII
  8. 8. ADOLF HITLER
  9. 9. <ul><li>Mussolini </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>While Hitler was building Germany, the same was happening in Italy </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Established a dictatorship in Italy </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Fascist Party was the only Party </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Secret Police arrested opposition </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Use of propaganda </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Public programmes </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Ambitious plans for Italy </li></ul></ul></ul>RISE OF ITALY
  10. 10. MUSSOLINI & HITLER
  11. 11. <ul><li>Austria </li></ul><ul><li>Czechoslovakia </li></ul><ul><li>Poland </li></ul><ul><li>Denmark, Norway, Holland, Belgium and France </li></ul>HITLER & NAZI GERMANY
  12. 12. <ul><li>By 1940, Britain was the only Allied country left in Europe to fight the Germans </li></ul><ul><li>Unable to conquer Britain, Hitler turned to attack the Soviet Union </li></ul><ul><li>Soviet Union, Britain became allies against the Axis Powers </li></ul>BRITAIN
  13. 13. <ul><li>Why Japan went to war </li></ul><ul><li>The Japanese attack on Pearl Harbour </li></ul><ul><li>Sweeping into Southeast Asia </li></ul><ul><li>The Battle for Malaya </li></ul><ul><li>Fall of the “Impregnable” Fortress </li></ul><ul><li>Reasons for the defeat of the British </li></ul>THE WAR IN ASIA-PACIFIC
  14. 14. <ul><li>Rising Ambitions </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>1894 : Attacked China; lost Taiwan and Korea </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>1904 : Defeated Russia; shocked the West </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>WWI : Joined Allies </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>1931 : Great Depression </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>As a result, Japan invaded Manchuria </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>1937 : Attacked China </li></ul></ul></ul>WHY JAPAN WENT TO WAR
  15. 15. <ul><li>Rising Ambitions </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>War with China dragged on </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Countries like the US stopped selling certain items like airplanes and oil products to Japan </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Japan turned its attention to SEA </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Rich in tin, oil, timber and rubber </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>War machinery </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Japan’s calculation </li></ul></ul></ul>WHY JAPAN WENT TO WAR
  16. 16. <ul><li>Rising Ambitions </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>1941 - Invaded Indo-china for use as a base to launch its other invasions </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>US protested and when Japan did nothing, the world reacted strongly </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>More war materials such as iron, ammunition and oil were cut off from Japan </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Note that US was not involved in the war at this time </li></ul></ul></ul>WHY JAPAN WENT TO WAR
  17. 17. <ul><li>US wanted Japan to withdraw from Indo-china and China </li></ul><ul><li>Pacific Naval Fleet </li></ul><ul><li>A display of US military might </li></ul><ul><li>7 Dec 1941 - Japanese attack on Pearl Harbour </li></ul><ul><li>Simultaneous invasion of Malaya </li></ul>PEARL HARBOUR
  18. 18. PEARL HARBOUR
  19. 19. <ul><li>Thailand </li></ul><ul><li>Malaya </li></ul><ul><li>Singapore </li></ul><ul><li>Philippines </li></ul><ul><li>Dutch East Indies </li></ul><ul><li>Borneo, Sumatra & other islands </li></ul><ul><li>British Burma </li></ul>JAPAN IN S. E. ASIA
  20. 20. <ul><li>War in the air </li></ul><ul><li>War in the sea </li></ul><ul><li>War on land </li></ul><ul><li>Sinking of Prince of Wales and Repulse </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul>JAPANESE INVASION OF MALAYA
  21. 21. JAPANESE ZERO FIGHTER
  22. 22. JAPANESE ZERO FIGHTER
  23. 24. REPULSE & PRINCE OF WALES
  24. 25. <ul><li>30 Nov 1941 </li></ul><ul><li>“ X-day December 8. Proceed with plan.” </li></ul><ul><li>Lt-Gen Yamashita planned his campaign with the aid of crude school atlases, marking with pencilled crosses, the approximate positions of airfields. </li></ul><ul><li>“ MATADOR” - Britain’s secret plan </li></ul>
  25. 26. <ul><li>1. Sinking of the PRINCE OF WALES/REPULSE </li></ul><ul><li>2. Battle for North Malaya – Kedah, Penang and Ipoh </li></ul><ul><li>3. Battle for Central Malaya – Slim River </li></ul><ul><li>4. Battle for Johore – Jemaluang, blowing up of part of the Causeway </li></ul><ul><li>5. Retreat to Singapore </li></ul>DEFEAT OF BRITISH IN MALAYA
  26. 27. KUANTAN JEMALUANG JOHOR BAHRU / 31 Jan 42 IPOH KL SLIM RIVER PENANG 15-16 Dec 41 MUAR GEMAS KLUANG MAJOR BATTLES JITRA 8 Dec 1941 KOTA BAHRU JAPANESE INVASION OF MALAYA
  27. 28. DEFEAT OF BRITISH IN MALAYA AIR British planes were old and outdated SEA The prince of Wales and the Repulse were destroyed by the Japanese EQUIPMENT Japanese tanks were better than British tanks TRAINING British soldiers were wrongly trained in jungle warfare PLANNING The British left too much valuable supplies for the Japanese WAR IN EUROPE Britain was involved in the war in Europe. Japan was not . MOBILITY The Japanese troops were more mobile - bicycles DEFENCE Lack of adequate defence preparartions COMPLA-CENCY The British looked down on the Japanese

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