Oral History Interview

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Oral History Interview

  1. 1. Oral history interview <ul><li>Objectives of today’s lesson </li></ul><ul><li>What is oral history interview ? </li></ul><ul><li>Why oral history interview ? </li></ul><ul><li>What are the sequences of oral history interview ? </li></ul><ul><li>How to formulate questions for oral history interview ? </li></ul><ul><li>What are the mannerisms of oral history interview ? </li></ul><ul><li>What are the limitations and difficulties of conducting an oral history interview ? </li></ul><ul><li>How to improve it? </li></ul><ul><li>Summary </li></ul>
  2. 2. Objectives of today’s lesson <ul><li>You will learn how to conduct an oral history interview for your TFU project.  </li></ul><ul><li>You will understand: </li></ul><ul><li>the steps to conduct a proper oral history interview; </li></ul><ul><li>the types of questions to ask and </li></ul><ul><li>the problems and limitations of an oral history interview. </li></ul>
  3. 3. What is oral history interview ? <ul><li>Oral history is the systematic collection of living people's testimony about their own experiences. Oral history is not folklore , gossip, hearsay, or rumor. </li></ul><ul><li>Oral history depends upon human memory and the spoken word. The means of collection can vary from taking notes by hand to elaborate electronic aural and video recordings. </li></ul><ul><li>It may contain distorted and inaccurate versions of the past, depending on the standpoints pf the interviewees </li></ul>
  4. 4. Why oral history interview? <ul><li>Collecting oral history, we have a sense of catching and holding something valuable from the receding tide of the past. </li></ul><ul><li>It adds a touch of realism to history. </li></ul><ul><li>Your stories and the stories of the people around you are unique, valuable treasures for your family and your community </li></ul><ul><li>Everyone has a story to tell and so deserved to be heard. If we do not collect and preserve those memories, those stories, then one day they will disappear forever. </li></ul>
  5. 5. What are the sequences of oral history interview ? <ul><li>Formulate a central question or issue. </li></ul><ul><li>Plan the project. Consider such things as end products, right person to interview, use of technical helps etc. </li></ul><ul><li>Conduct background research. </li></ul><ul><li>Interview. </li></ul><ul><li>Process interviews. </li></ul><ul><li>Evaluate research and interviews. </li></ul><ul><li>Organize and present results. </li></ul><ul><li>Store materials. </li></ul>
  6. 6. How to formulate questions for oral history interview ? <ul><li>Prepare questions that are of concern to the main theme. </li></ul><ul><li>Start off with warm up questions such as personal data. </li></ul><ul><li>Ask open-ended questions. E.g. Could you tell me about your childhood? </li></ul><ul><li>Keep your questions short and clear. </li></ul><ul><li>Ask follow-up questions </li></ul>
  7. 7. What are the mannerisms of oral history interview ? <ul><li>Call and arrange for appointment. </li></ul><ul><li>Be polite, introduce yourself. </li></ul><ul><li>Be humble, adopt a learner attitude. </li></ul><ul><li>Be assuring by responding with positive body language like nodding and smiling. </li></ul><ul><li>Choose a quiet place with minimal noise and distractions. </li></ul><ul><li>Make the interviewee feel comfortable throughout. </li></ul><ul><li>Thank the interviewee. </li></ul>
  8. 8. What are the limitations and difficulties of conducting an oral history interview ? <ul><li>Interviewee may feel that they have nothing of value to share. </li></ul><ul><li>Interviewee not comfortable to share. </li></ul><ul><li>Interviewee not responding. </li></ul><ul><li>Interviewers’ lack of preparation. </li></ul><ul><li>Interviewer too nervous. </li></ul><ul><li>Interviewer’s expectation to hear things they want to hear. </li></ul><ul><li>Language problem. </li></ul>
  9. 9. How to improve? <ul><li>Be prepared. </li></ul><ul><li>Let go of your prejudices. </li></ul><ul><li>Be willing to learn. </li></ul><ul><li>Practise. </li></ul>
  10. 10. Summary <ul><li>It is not so much about getting it right, it is more of making the effort to talk. </li></ul>

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