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Chp 2 Who Was The Founder Of Singapore


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  • this could now help me in my his project thanks!!keep posting!!!!!
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  • thanks for the slides. These really talked about the problems Farquhar faced when he was governing Singapore
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Chp 2 Who Was The Founder Of Singapore

  1. 1. Who was the founder of Singapore?
  2. 2. Rivalry between the Dutch and the British Main issue: Trading monopoly in SEA > control of trade routes and ports Dutch had Java and Melaka > others only to trade in Batavia > high fees and taxes British had Bencoolen and Penang > unsuitable for China and India trade > too far Therefore, Raffles saw the need of another port south of Melaka to challenge the Dutch and protect British ships. Singapore was the answer!!!!
  3. 3. Raffles chose Singapore because: <ul><li>She had lots of fresh drinking water. > suitable for setting up of new settlement </li></ul><ul><li>She lay on the main trade route between China and India Europe. > challenge Dutch monopoly </li></ul><ul><li>She had a natural deep harbour appropriate for big ships to anchor. > safe and had adequate features to protect British ships </li></ul>
  4. 4. How Singapore Came Under British Rule <ul><li>On the 28th of Jan 1819, Raffles with his British fleet reached St. John’s Island. </li></ul><ul><li>On the 29th of Jan 1819, Raffles and Farquhar reached Singapore. They went to see the Temenggong, the chief of this island. Raffles asked permission from the Temenggong to setup a British settlement here. </li></ul><ul><li>The Temenggong was willing but he did not have the power. Raffles had to seek the permission from the Sultan of Johor (Malaya). Craftily, he sought Tengku Hussein’s help. </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul>
  5. 5. <ul><li>On the 6th of Feb 1819, Raffles set up a tent at the Padang and made Tengku Hussein the new Sultan of Johor. The Sultan and Temenggong signed a treaty with British, which allowed British to setup a settlement on the island, and in return, both Sultan and Temenggong would receive a big sum of money from the British every year. </li></ul><ul><li>The short flag-raising ceremony marked the founding of the modern Singapore. </li></ul>
  6. 6. The treaty that signed away their lives… Stamps commemorating the founding of Singapore
  7. 7. Why was the treaty important to the British? <ul><li>It allowed the British to set up a trading settlement in Singapore, which eventually led to the signing of the Anglo-Dutch Treaty that saw Singapore becoming a full colony under the British together with Penang and Melaka. </li></ul>
  8. 8. Problems that Farquhar encountered and the solutions for them: <ul><li>Problem: Not many people knew about the settlement in Singapore. Farquhar had to get the traders from the places nearby to come to Singapore and trade. </li></ul><ul><li>Solution: He invited the immigrants from Malacca to come and trade and stationed an office at St. John’s Island to inform the trading ships passing by about the settlement in Singapore. </li></ul>
  9. 9. <ul><li>Problem: The island was short of building materials, food, tools and other necessities. </li></ul><ul><li>Solution: Farquhar ordered his men to go to Malacca and bring some food back. The traders in Singapore also brought some of the necessities here. </li></ul><ul><li>Problem: There were pests like centipedes and rats all over the island. These pests hurt some people. The rats also destroyed the food supplies. Tigers were also a threat to the people here. </li></ul><ul><li>Solution: Rewards were given to those people who killed these pests. </li></ul>
  10. 10. <ul><li>Problem: Crimes like robbing and fighting often occurred. </li></ul><ul><li>Solution: Farquhar set up a small police force but the problem cannot be solved. </li></ul>
  11. 11. Who really founded Singapore? <ul><li>Raffles? </li></ul><ul><li>Farquhar? </li></ul><ul><li>Crawfurd? </li></ul><ul><li>The pioneers? </li></ul><ul><li>ALL? </li></ul>