Au Psy492 E Portfolio Template For Slide Share

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Au Psy492 E Portfolio Template For Slide Share

  1. 1. Undergraduate Studies ePortfolio Dommanise Driver Psychology, 2011
  2. 2. Personal Statement <ul><li>I believe that Psychology is an ideal field for me to study and work in for two reasons the first reason is because I care about people a great deal and enjoy helping people out whenever I can. The second reason is because whenever I or someone I know does something that I did not understand I would sit around for hours trying to figure out why we did what we did. When I could not figure out why I or someone I know did what we would ask a ton of questions in order to get closer to figure out the reasoning behind our actions. </li></ul>
  3. 3. Personal Statement <ul><li>After realizing just how interesting people actions and thoughts were to me and combining that with the fact that I truly do enjoy helping people through all types of situations I decided that I would be a good idea for me to enroll in school to obtain a degree in psychology. </li></ul><ul><li>Although, I do have my educational experiences in the field of psychology I have yet to obtain any research experience in psychology. Even though I do not have any actual field research experience in psychology I do believe that I have been practicing psychology for a while now as a kindergarten teacher. </li></ul>
  4. 4. Personal Statement <ul><li>I believe that this is true because as a kindergarten teacher I have to try and understand what each one of my students are feeling and thinking about so that they can do their best in class and reach the goals they have set for themselves. There are also many times as a teacher that I have to solve students’ individual problems that not only have to deal with school but also problems that occur in their personal life. I also believe that I have been practicing a from a psychology as a teacher because I do not only have to deal with the students in my class but I also have to deal with their parents. </li></ul>
  5. 5. Personal Statement <ul><li> As a teacher I have parents who get upset if their child does not receive the grades that they expect them to receive and I have to be able to explain to them in a way that they understand why their child received the grade that they received. I realized that even though I feel like I have been practicing psychology as a teacher I know that I still have a lot to learn to become the type of psychologist and teacher that I want to be </li></ul>
  6. 6. Personal Statement <ul><li>Over the last couple of years I have had several classes that deal with forensic psychology and realized that this is a field that I am interested in learning more about and eventually having a career in. What I really like about forensic psychology is that it is a cross between psychology and criminal justice two areas that are very interesting to me. </li></ul><ul><li>Some of my best research papers have been done on forensic psychology. I am planning on continuing to take more classes that deal with forensic psychology so that I continue to learn more about the field and eventually get the opportunity to do some research projects that deal with forensic psychology. </li></ul>
  7. 7. Personal Statement <ul><li>Although, it is true that I am very interested in forensic psychology I am also interested in counseling psychology because it allows me talk with people about their problems. I think that counseling psychology will allow me to do what I am really good at and that is helping people help themselves. As a psychology student at Argosy University I have realized the importance of asking my fellow students and teachers for help. I have realized that a lot can be learned from working with people who already have experience in the psychology field. </li></ul>
  8. 8. Personal Statement <ul><li>I am really interested to see how far I can go into psychology because it is something that I have thought about doing for a long time. My goal is to continue my education in psychology so that I further my research skills. I think that by continuing my education I can get to the point where I can choose between forensic psychology and counseling psychology. </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul>
  9. 9. Reflection <ul><li>Looking back at my time at Argosy University I really do think that I learned a lot about psychology and myself. When it comes to psychology Argosy University has taught me the different people who have had a major influence on psychology. Some of the people who Argosy University taught me about who made a huge impact on psychology are B.F. Skinner, Ivan Pavlov who had a major influence on the learning and behavior aspect of psychology and Sigmund Freud and Erik Erikson who had a major influence on the personality part of psychology. </li></ul>
  10. 10. Reflection <ul><li>Along with teaching me about some of the people who made an influences on psychology Argosy University also taught me about the different perspectives that are in the psychology field like the biological, cognitive, behavioral, evolutionary and humanistic perspectives. Argosy University has also taught me that there are different types of psychology fields that I can enter into for example I can choose clinical psychology which is basically the analysis and treatment of different mental disorders and illnesses. </li></ul>
  11. 11. Reflection <ul><li>Another option that Argosy University taught me about when it came to the psychology field is forensic psychology which is the field of psychology that deal with criminal justice system and tries to analyze and evaluate the psychology of an offender. The last major things that I learned about psychology from Argosy University us about the DSM-IV and how it categorizes things like mental illness. </li></ul>
  12. 12. Reflection <ul><li>Not only did Argosy University teach me about psychology but it also showed me both me weakness and my strengths. I learned that me major weakness is that I do not like to ask for help when it comes to my homework because it makes me feel stupid. Another weakness that I found out that I have is writing in APA style that I really a challenge for me because of the references and the citations. Another weakness that Argosy University has taught me about myself is that I do not take failure very well I had a very hard time accepting bad grades. Not only did Argosy University teach me about my weakness but it also taught me about my strengths. </li></ul>
  13. 13. Reflection <ul><li>A strength that I realized I had while attending Argosy University is that I am a very organized person which allowed me to keep up with my assignments. Another strength that I have is that I know how to manage my time which made it easy for me to work, take care of my family, and go to school at the same time without stressing out to much. </li></ul>
  14. 14. Reflection <ul><li>I realized that another strength that I have is that I am a team player I was there for my classmates whenever they had a question and need help. </li></ul><ul><li>Argosy University really has taught me a lot and I hope to continue my education at Argosy University so that I can continue to grow as a student in psychology. </li></ul>
  15. 15. Table of Contents <ul><li>Cognitive Abilities: Critical Thinking and Information Literacy </li></ul><ul><li>Research Skills </li></ul><ul><li>Communication Skills: Oral and Written </li></ul><ul><li>Ethics and Diversity Awareness </li></ul><ul><li>Foundations of Psychology </li></ul><ul><li>Applied Psychology </li></ul><ul><li>Interpersonal Effectiveness </li></ul><ul><li>** Include work samples and projects with a Title Page and organized accordingly to demonstrate each of the Program Outcomes above </li></ul>
  16. 16. Critical Thinking <ul><li>Case Report </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>Diagnoses of Maria Doe: Dysthymic Disorder </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul>
  17. 17. Critical Thinking <ul><li>Major symptoms of Dysthymic Disorder </li></ul><ul><li>The diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorder (DSM-IV) says that in order for someone to qualify as having dysthymic disorder they have to experience two or more of the following one overeating or poor appetite, insomnia or hypersomnia, low energy or fatigue, low self-esteem, </li></ul><ul><li>poor concentration or difficulty making hard decisions, or feelings of hopelessness. The patient also has to have a depressed mood for the most of his or her day for at least two years. During these two years the patient cannot go without the symptoms in criteria a and b for longer than two months at a time. </li></ul>
  18. 18. Critical Thinking <ul><li>There can be no major depression episodes in the first two years of having dysthymic disorder. The DSM-IV also says that in order to for someone to have dysthymic disorder they cannot have experienced a manic disorder, mixed episode, or a hypo-manic episode. </li></ul>
  19. 19. Critical Thinking <ul><li>Outline of Client’s Background </li></ul><ul><li>The patient that I am currently working with is Maria Doe. Maria Doe is a forty- two year old Hispanic woman who lives in Columbia, South Carolina. Maria Doe is currently working at Hartman and Hartman as an accountant. Maria Doe is currently married with two kids. Maria Doe entered our mental hospital on September 13, 2009 complaining that she is having trouble sleeping and that she feels jumpy all the time. Maria Doe also complains that she has an inability to concentrate on her work. </li></ul>
  20. 20. <ul><li>Interview Process </li></ul><ul><li>I interviewed Mrs. Maria Doe on Friday September 15, 2009 at 9:00 am in the morning. When Maria Doe entered my office she was neatly dressed but she did look like she had not sleep very well the night before. Maria Doe looked like she was very nervous and was a little shaky. I asked Maria Doe to have a seat so we can begin the interview process The first question that I asked Maria Doe is why she decided to come and see me now? Maria Doe responded to my question by saying that the problems were not only affecting her at home but at work and she did not feel like she could handle what was happening to her by herself anymore. </li></ul>
  21. 21. Critical Thinking <ul><li>She also said that she decided to get help now because she wanted to know what was happening to her and because she felt like she was starting to feel like she was losing control of her life. The next question that I asked Maria Doe was if she felt like she was any danger to herself or anyone around her? </li></ul><ul><li>Maria Doe said that she did not feel like she was a danger to herself or to anyone else but she was not for sure she just knew that she did not want to hurt herself or anyone else around her. The next question that I asked Maria was how she was feeling at this exact moment? </li></ul>
  22. 22. Critical Thinking <ul><li>Maria Doe said that she was extremely tried and she felt very apprehensive. Maria also said she felt like she was finding it hard to concentrate on what was going on. While Maria was telling me how she felt she would stop in the middle of her sentence as if she forgot what she was going to say. She also was looking around the room as if she was expecting something to happen so also was very fidgety. I also asked Maria is she had experienced any major experience in her life and she explained to me that she had just had a miscarriage and her mother had recently died. </li></ul>
  23. 23. Critical Thinking <ul><li>The next question that I asked of Maria is if she was taking any medication and she said no. I also asked Maria how often she felt like she was having a hard time concentrating and she said that she felt this way all the time. I then proceeded to ask Maria how many hours of sleep she thought she got a night and she said that she did not know but she felt as if she did not get any at all. . I then asked her how often she had the jumpy feeling that she described having and she said for more than half her day. I also asked Maria when she thought all of her symptoms had begun and she said that has been at least going on for the last couple of years but she was not for sure exactly when the symptoms started she went on to say she just woke up one morning feeling this way. </li></ul>
  24. 24. Critical Thinking <ul><li>Another question that I asked Maria is if she knew if any psychological disorders ran in her family and she said she did not think so. I wanted to know if Maria was noticing any other changes in her day to day life like if her eating habits had changed and she informed me that she no longer felt like eating or even getting out of bed. </li></ul>
  25. 25. Critical Thinking <ul><li>Summary of Dysthymic Disorder </li></ul><ul><li>Dysthymic is categorized by the DSM-IV as a mood disorder and should not be confused with major depression. The symptoms of dysthymic disorder normally show up during early adulthood but it can occur in children. The beginning of dysthymic disorder is very gradual so it can be challenging to accurately pinpoint when the disorder actually begins The DSM-IV which is the manual of mental disorders gives several criteria that have to be met in order for someone to be diagnosed with dysthymic disorder. The first set of criteria is in criteria A this group of criteria consist of having a depressed mood that is present most of the time and that persists for at least two years. </li></ul>
  26. 26. Critical Thinking <ul><li>The second group of requirements is located in criteria B which says that the patient has to have the presence of two or more of the following symptoms: poor appetite or overeating, insomnia or hypersomnia, low energy or fatigue, low self esteem, poor concentration or difficulty making decisions, or feelings of hopelessness. The next group of requirements is in criteria C and requires that during the two year period, the person has never been with the symptoms for more than two months at a time. The last set of requirements is located in criteria D and says that there can be no major depressive episode or manic episode has been present during the first two years of the disturbances. </li></ul>
  27. 27. Critical Thinking <ul><li>Biological Model Explanation of Dysthymic Disorder </li></ul><ul><li>The biological model would explain the dysthymic disorder by describing it as a disorder that happens because there is a malfunction within someone brain. The person from the biological would go on to explain the disorder by saying that the neurons in the patient’s brain are not transmitting correctly. The biological model would go on to explain the dysthymic disorder by explaining that the disorder can be caused by abnormal chemical activity in the endocrine system. Genetics is another explanation that the biological model would give to explain the dysthymic disorder. </li></ul>
  28. 28. Critical Thinking <ul><li>Another explanation that the biological model uses to explain dysthymic disorder is evolution. They would say evolution plays a part in dysthymic disorder because their gens did not evolve correctly instead they mutated. The last explanation that the biological model would use to explain dysthymic disorder is viral infections. One way that the biological model would explain how a viral infection relates to dysthymic infection is that they would say while they person with the disorder was in the womb he or she contacted some type of infection that stayed dormant until the symptoms of the disorder start to show up. </li></ul>
  29. 29. Critical Thinking <ul><li>Someone in the biological model is likely to uses all of these reasons to explain why someone could have dysthymic disorder. </li></ul>
  30. 30. Critical Thinking <ul><li>Treatments the Biological Model Would Use to Treat Dysthymic Disorder </li></ul><ul><li>The first thing that the biological model does when it begins treatment is that it check for any clues as to why there is a disorder for example the biological model would check to see if there is a background of mental disorders in the family. After the therapist in the biological model feels they have pinpointed where the disorder has come from they choose from three treatment plans. The first type of treatment that a therapist from the biological model would use is psychotropic medications which are drugs that affect emotion and thought process. </li></ul>
  31. 31. Critical Thinking <ul><li>There are four types of drugs that the biological model uses they are anti-anxiety, antidepressant, anti-bipolar, and antipsychotic drugs. . The next treatment that the biological model would use is electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) which is when two electrodes are put on the patients’ forehead and an electrical shock is sent though them. The third type of treatment that can be used is psychosurgery, brain surgery for mental disorders. The biological looks at each case individually to decided which one of these treatments will be best used for each client. </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul>
  32. 32. Critical Thinking <ul><li>Conclusion </li></ul><ul><li>I think that the best thing for Maria Doe is to be admitted to the clinic for further observation. I also think that it might be in Maria Does’ best interest of she was put on an antidepressant while she is being observed here at the clinic. </li></ul>
  33. 33. Critical Thinking <ul><li>Reference Page </li></ul><ul><li>ComerFunda_ch02_dummyBf </li></ul><ul><li>http://psyweb.com/Mdisord/DSM_IV/jsp/dsm_iv.jsp </li></ul><ul><li>Fluoxetine for dysthymic disorder in the elderly. (March 2005).  Psychopharmacology Update , 16, 3. p.4(1). Retrieved September 16, 2009, from General OneFile via Gale: </li></ul>
  34. 34. Research Skills <ul><li>Crime and Punishment </li></ul><ul><li>In American society today there are four ways that a criminal can be punished. If someone is found guilty of a crime they can be punished by retribution, deterrence, rehabilitation, and social protection. Although, it is hard to say for sure what type of punishment deters crime the most, most people do have an opinion on which one works the best. An even bigger question that is going on around is do the consequences of punishment provide any benefits for criminals and society? </li></ul>
  35. 35. Research <ul><li>One type of punishment that is given to someone who commits a crime is retribution (O'Sullivan, 2000). Retribution is known to be the oldest justification for punishment. Retribution is used as an act of moral vengeance by which society makes the person who has committed a crime suffers as much as the person who the crime was committed against (O'Sullivan, 2000). For example if a man cuts of another man’s arm then that man’s arm must also be cut off so that he can feel the same pain that he victim felt. Retribution is used to keep society in moral order. Retribution basic thought is an eye for an eye. </li></ul>
  36. 36. Reasearch <ul><li>Although retribution is the oldest justification there are other justifications for punishment like deterrence. Deterrence is used as a way to discourage crimes though punishment (General OneFile, 2009). What deterrence is basically trying to say is if someone knows that they are going to be punished for something they will not do it because they know what the punishment will be. </li></ul>
  37. 37. Research <ul><li>This train of thought started in eighteenth-century where they came up with the idea that rational humans will not break the law of the pains of punishment outweighs the pleasures of the crime. For example someone is not going to steal some candy if they know they will get their hand cut off because the goodness of the candy is not worth the pain of getting their hand cut This train of thought started in eighteenth-century where they came up with the idea that rational humans will not break the law of the pains of punishment outweighs the pleasures of the crime. For example someone is not going to steal some candy if they know they will get their hand cut off because the goodness of the candy is not worth the pain of getting their hand cut off. </li></ul>
  38. 38. Research <ul><li>Deterrence became more accepted then retribution because people thought that retribution was too harsh (General OneFile, 2009). There are two types of deterrence the first type of deterrence is specific deterrence. Specific deterrence is when someone who has already committed a crime not to commit a crime ever again. The second type of deterrence is general deterrence. (General OneFile, 2009) General deterrence is when someone who has yet to commit crime is persuaded not too commit the crime that they are thinking about committing. Because some people did not think that either deterrence or retribution was the answer to stopping crime someone came up with rehabilitation. </li></ul>
  39. 39. Reasearch <ul><li>Rehabilitation became the third justification that people used for punishing someone. Rehabilitation is a program used to reform a criminal so he or she will not commit another crime. Rehabilitation was first used in the nineteenth century (Hansen, 2008). Rehabilitation is supposed to motivate criminal to do the right thing or conform to the rules of society. Rehabilitation wants to treat or help the person who has committed a crime (Hansen, 2008) . For example if someone is found guilty of a crime they will get someone to talk to so they can figure out why they committed the crime in the first place. The fourth justification that is used for punishment is societal protection. </li></ul>
  40. 40. Research <ul><li>Social protection renders a criminal incapable of committing another crime by putting them in jail for the rest of their life in jail so they are unable to hurt anyone else. Social protection is an approach used to protect society from criminals (Hansen, 2008). Although, I am not sure if one of the crime prevention methods alone will deter crime I think that rehabilitation is our best chance of deterring crime. I think that rehabilitation is our best chance of deterring crime because it is the only justification of punishment that really offers criminal a chance to better him or herself. </li></ul>
  41. 41. Research <ul><li>I think that if the criminal can see that someone wants to help them then they might want to help his or herself. I think that rehabilitation will be more effective then retribution because retribution is simply about getting even and I think that getting even never works because it just makes someone else want to get even and it never stops. I also think that rehabilitation would deter crime more than deterrence because again rehabilitation whole point is to make a person learn from his or her mistakes where as deterrence main focus is to stop someone from committing a crime by making an example out of them. I do not think that this works very well because most people do not want to be made an example of and tend to fight back. </li></ul>
  42. 42. Research <ul><li>Not only do I think that rehabilitation will deter crime better then retribution, and deterrence I also think rehabilitation will deter crime better then societal protection. I think that societal protection will not deter crime because even though you are getting rid of one criminal there will also be another while rehabilitation wants to help criminals become a functioning part of society. I do think that the consequence of punishment provide some benefits to both criminals and to society. I think that one of the benefits that punishment provides to criminals is that it lets them know that they are doing something wrong. </li></ul>
  43. 43. Research <ul><li>For example when someone goes to jail or prison they not only learn that they cannot commit a crime and not be punished it also gives them a chance to think about what they did to end up in jail or prison in the first place. I think that another benefit that punishment provides criminals is a way to change. For example rehabilitation allows the criminal to better him or herself by offering him or her class so that they can be in a better place when they get out of jail or prison. Not only do I think that consequences of punishment benefit criminals it also benefits to society. </li></ul>
  44. 44. Research <ul><li>One of the benefits that consequences of punishment provide our society is that it takes the criminals off the streets and makes our society a little safer. I think that punishment also offers society the benefit of helping others in need. Although the criminals are being punished we are allowed to go and visit and offer any help that we can to them and I think that when we help others we help ourselves. The main benefit that I think the consequences of punishment provides is closure to the victim or to the victim family they end up knowing that they are safe because the person who committed the crime cannot hurt them anymore. </li></ul>
  45. 45. Research <ul><li>After reading all the material I really think that in order to deter crime all four of the punishments need to work together as one and if they don’t I do not think that we will ever be able to truly deter crime. I think that criminal need to know that if they do something wrong they are going to get punished for the crime that they have committed and I also think that we as a society have the right to feel safe knowing that as criminals are behind bars and we as citizens are able to walk our streets without being afraid of what will happen to them. </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul>
  46. 46. Research <ul><li>Reference Page </li></ul><ul><li>O'Sullivan, J. (July 17, 2000). A Logical and Just Practice.  National Review , 52, 13. p.NA. Retrieved June 20, 2009, from General OneFile via Gale: http://find.galegroup.com/ips/start.do?prodId=IPS </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul>
  47. 47. Research <ul><li>Strategy: Neutral approach can offer benefits. (Feb 23, 2009).  Investment Adviser , p.NA. Retrieved June 20, 2009, from General OneFile via Gale: http://find.galegroup.com/ips/start.do?prodId=IPS </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>Hanson, D. (Nov 2008). Judge for   </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul>
  48. 48. Communication Skills <ul><li>Original hypothesis: There is a direct link between teen suicide and bullying. </li></ul><ul><li>Refined hypothesis: Severe bullying causes teenagers to commit suicide </li></ul>
  49. 49. <ul><li>Outline </li></ul><ul><li>Introduction </li></ul><ul><li>II. Examples of teenagers who have committed suicide because of bullying </li></ul><ul><li>1. Brandon Bitner age 14 </li></ul><ul><li>2. Eric Mohat age 17 </li></ul><ul><li>3. Seth Walsh age 13 </li></ul><ul><li>4. Phoebe Prince age 15 </li></ul>
  50. 50. <ul><li>III. Ways teen are committing suicide </li></ul><ul><li>Cutting the wrist </li></ul><ul><li>Shooting themselves </li></ul><ul><li>Hanging themselves </li></ul><ul><li>Taking a overdose of pills </li></ul>
  51. 51. <ul><li>IIIII. Types of bullying </li></ul><ul><li>Physical </li></ul><ul><li>2. Verbal </li></ul><ul><li>3. Indirect </li></ul><ul><li>4. Social Alienation </li></ul><ul><li>5. Intimidation </li></ul><ul><li>6. Cyber </li></ul>
  52. 52. Ethics and Diversity Awareness <ul><li>In the last couple of weeks I have noticed the importance of having an outreach program for women to use when they have nowhere else to go to receive health care. The director at the outreach center would like for me to give her a summary of all the cases I have worked on so far she would like for me to put an emphasis on prevention and intervention strategies that the outreach program should include. The director wants to know why I believe that this information should be included in the program. I am also going to create a program proposal to present to the director describing how the program will provide needed services to women in the community served by that agency. </li></ul>
  53. 53. Ethics and Diversity Awareness <ul><li>Case One: </li></ul><ul><li>It is important for women to have a place where they can to get medical help and to learn about important things like diabetes, the different cancers that affect women, and heart disease. Not only is it important for the women to have a place to go to get help but it is an important for women to be able to talk to people who know what they are talking about. The outreach center will need to have doctors and staff who have experience with women issues and who know how to deal with women one on one. </li></ul>
  54. 54. Ethics and Diversity Awareness <ul><li>Not only should the outreach over service that deal with women health issues but it should also deal with mental health issues and substance abuse issues. The best place for the outreach center will be in a poor neighborhood in some type of building that can be easily found. One idea is to have the building located next to a church. </li></ul>
  55. 55. Ethics and Diversity Awareness <ul><li>Case Two: </li></ul><ul><li>It is also important to have an outreach program so that people who are having trouble with substance abuse can have some where to go and get help if they want it. The outreach program needs to have a program not only for the person who is suffering from the substance abuse problem but for the rest of the family as well. The outreach program can offer a daycare center so that families have somewhere to keep their kids safe especially if someone is abusing drugs in alcohol. </li></ul>
  56. 56. Ethics and Diversity Awareness <ul><li>A daycare is a good idea for families like Joe’s who wife Jane that abuses alcohol to the point that she has blackouts while caring for her young children while Joe is at work. Joe and Jane’s case is a classic example as to why the outreach program should over drug and alcohol abuse program. </li></ul>
  57. 57. Ethics and Diversity Awareness <ul><li>Case Three: </li></ul><ul><li>It is critical that the outreach program not only teaches women about different women health issues but also has doctor at the outreach program that can give the women different exam that look for things like breast cancer, cervical cancer, diabetes, heart disease and any other health issues that affect women. It is important to have doctors to help test for these disease because they are the top killers in women today. </li></ul>
  58. 58. Ethics and Diversity Awareness <ul><li>A lot of times these disease go undiagnosed in poor and immigrant women because they cannot afford to see a doctor and they do not have the transportation they need to get to a doctor. Another problem with immigrant workers is that they do not go to the doctor’s office because of commutation barriers between them and their doctor. So not only does the outreach center need doctors it needs doctors and staff to be able to communicate with patients from all different types of backgrounds. </li></ul>
  59. 59. Ethics and Diversity Awareness <ul><li>Case Four: </li></ul><ul><li>Another reason that an outreach program is need in poor areas is because women tend to get overloaded with the things that they have to do in their day to say lives. The outreach program needs to have counselors on staff that can help women deal with the stress that can come with being a working wife and mother. It is important that the women understand that stress does affect their health. </li></ul>
  60. 60. Ethics and Diversity Awareness <ul><li>Case Five: </li></ul><ul><li>The counselors at the outreach program also need to be trained in how to handle rape victims and be able to teach women about rape prevention. This is an important subject because one out of every three women is raped. </li></ul>
  61. 61. Ethics and Diversity Awareness <ul><li>Case Six: </li></ul><ul><li>Domestic abuse is another subject that the outreach program needs to have its counselors cover. It is important for everyone to remember that domestic abuse occurs in both straight and lesbian relationships. The outreach program needs to over programs for both the person who is being abused and the person who is doing the abusing. They can do this by offering intervention programs that empower the victim and help the abuser understand their actions. </li></ul>
  62. 62. Ethics and Diversity Awareness <ul><li>An outreach program is need so that women can get the help and resources that they need but may not be able to afford. The outreach program could be located inside of a church or in a separate building next to a church. The outreach program should be located in a poor neighborhood because that is where it is need the most. It would not make sense to put the outreach program in a neighborhood where the patients can already afford the care that they need. It is so important to have an outreach center because it teaches women about the issues that are important to them. </li></ul>
  63. 63. Ethics and Diversity Awareness <ul><li>Women’s health issues are one major issue that will be covered in the outreach program. Covering women’s health issues is important because women are dying from heart disease and breast cancer because they are do not know the sings of having this disease. Women are also not seeing doctors who can diagnose this disease because they cannot afford to go and see a doctor the outreach center would give the women the chance to see a doctor. </li></ul>
  64. 64. Ethics and Diversity Awareness <ul><li>The outreach program will offer women who are being abused by their partners help so that they can get out of the unhealthy situation if they want to. It will also offer help to anyone who is abusing someone they love if they want the help. The outreach program will be there for rape victims by offering counseling and rape prevention programs. The outreach program is important because it may be the only way that the people who need help with stress, domestic violence, medical issues can get the help that is needed for them to live safe and happy lives. </li></ul>
  65. 65. Knowledge of Applied Psychology <ul><li>Jack is an organization development executive who works at Techzone Communications is not currently considered to be a scientist-practitioner which is someone who not only practices I/O psychology but also conducts research on I/O psychology. The reason that Jack would not be considered to be a scientist-practitioner is because he only practices I/O psychology he has not done any I/O psychology research since he was studying for his PhD. </li></ul>
  66. 66. Knowledge of Applied Psychology <ul><li>The scientist-practitioner model for I/O psychologists’ advocated by the Society for Industrial and Organizational Psychology or SIOP can be described as a way to train a graduate student that will focus on clinical practices the scientist practitioner modes is meant to give someone a rigorous grounding in research methods and to also give them exposure to clinical psychology. </li></ul>
  67. 67. Knowledge of Applied Psychology <ul><li>The scientist practitioner model has a couple of parts to it the first part is that mainly focused on clinical practices and is geared towards someone who is trying to get a PhD. Because scientist practitioner do research and practice I/O psychology they are able to keep up with any current information in their field of study he or she can also keep up with the changing needs of different organization which allows him or her the ability to ensure organizations meet or surpass the expectations of their clients and consumers. </li></ul>
  68. 68. Knowledge of Applied Psychology <ul><li>The scientist practitioner model is useful in I/O because it allows psychologist to conduct research and practice psychology. One way that scientist practitioner model is useful in I/O psychology is because it allows the I/O psychologist to stay current in their field of study. Another way that scientist practitioner model is important in I/O psychology is that it gives the I/O psychologist the chance to under how people work in the workplace while think of ways to help people in the work environment. </li></ul>
  69. 69. Knowledge of Applied Psychology <ul><li>I think that the model is also useful to I/O psychologist because it allows them to understand psychology principles and ethics better because they are always using them. The model is also useful because it allows the psychologist to be able to see for themselves any problems that are going on in different organizations. The model also gives the psychologist the opportunity to come up with new ideas to help different organization with the employees and with their consumers. </li></ul>
  70. 70. Knowledge of Applied Psychology <ul><li>Just like with anything else the scientist practitioner model does come with its share of problems. One way that the scientist practitioner model can be problematic is that it can be hard to find employment because you really need to have a PhD to work in the field. Another problem that can occur with the scientist practitioner model is that the psychologist can fall into the trap of focusing too much on the research or on their practices and not evenly doing both. The scientist practitioner model can also be a problem because it can be difficult to conduct all the research that needs to be conducted. </li></ul>
  71. 71. Knowledge of Applied Psychology <ul><li>The scientist practitioner model has developed a little since it was first devolved in 1949 the model came about when Hugo Munsterberg became interested in the design of work and how people selected their jobs and when Walter Dill Scott became interested in studying salespeople and the psychology of advertising. Fredrick W. Taylor an engineer also played a part in the beginning of scientist practitioner model and I/O psychology by adding scientific principles to the study of work behavior which helped increase efficiency and productivity. </li></ul>
  72. 72. Knowledge of Applied Psychology <ul><li>Between Worlds War I and the 1920 the scientist practitioner model and I/O psychology was used to create intelligence tests for the United States Army. A little after the intelligence test were created for the army psychologists came up with a screening and placement test for different industries. Then between Great Depression and World War II there was a change in the scientist practitioner model and I/O psychology. </li></ul>
  73. 73. Knowledge of Applied Psychology <ul><li>During this time the focus was on the effects of physical work environment and worker productivity. During this time psychologist recognized the importance of social factors and worker morale in productiveity in the workplace. Another change occurred in the postwar years and the modern era. At was at this time that the scientist practitioner model and I/O psychology started to blossom and come into its own. </li></ul>
  74. 74. Knowledge of Applied Psychology <ul><li>The scientist practitioner model and I/O psychologist began to focus on testing and selection and evaluating employees. Another change that took place is that the psychologist began to focus on motivation and goal setting along with job attitudes and organization stress, group process and politics and organizational development. The good thing about I/O psychologist is that they are a value to both organizations and to workers. I/O psychologists are of value to organizations because they provide training to managers so that they can understand and value their workers of different races, genders, religions and cultures. </li></ul>
  75. 75. Knowledge of Applied Psychology <ul><li>They also help by engaging in change management this is done by helping organizations deal with loss and maximize effectiveness. They also help organizations by creating and advising corporate structure this happens when psychologist consult with different organizations to help them determine the appropriate organization structure. One of the last ways I/O psychologist help organizations is be helping with team management this is done by helping teams organize performances. I/O psychologists help workers by making sure they have their EEOC rights and make sure there is not basis in hiring and promotions. </li></ul>
  76. 76. Knowledge of Applied Psychology <ul><li>They also help by making sure workers get the compensation that they deserve. They also provide workers with programs that help balance their personal lives with their work. </li></ul><ul><li>I/O psychologist also face some ethical issues one issue that they have to face is making sure that they fill out an informed consent form sometimes I/O psychologist forget to fill out the form and this is an ethical issue because of privacy reasons. Another ethical issue is human relations this is a problem because the psychologist has to make sure that he or she treats everyone fairly. </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul>
  77. 77. Knowledge of Applied Psychology <ul><li>Reference Page </li></ul><ul><li>Riggio, Ronald E. Introduction to industrial/organizational psychology / Ronald E. </li></ul><ul><li>Riggio; consulting editor, Lyman W. Porter.—5th ed. </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul>
  78. 78. My Future in Learning <ul><li>If a lifelong learner is someone who is constantly building on the skills on knowledge that they have acquired through out there life then I am most defiantly a lifelong learner. I truly believe that learning never stops it is something that you continue to do for your whole life. The lifelong lessons that a lifelong learner has can be formal learning like training, counseling, tutoring, mentorship, apprenticeship, higher education or the learning can be informal learning like life experience or situations. </li></ul>
  79. 79. My Future In Learning <ul><li>At this point in my life I have experienced both types of lifelong learning I am currently in school earning my bachelors degree in psychology and when I complete my bachelor’s degree in psychology I plan on getting my Masters degree in psychology. I also want to take continuing education classes so that I can stay current on the events in psychology. I think that it would also be a good idea to have a mentor that I can talk to so that if I have problems in the field of psychology I have someone to talk to. Informal life learning is also something that I have been working on I will continue to work on. Learning things about my family and myself is one example of informal learning that I am currently working on. </li></ul>
  80. 80. Contact Me Thank you for viewing my ePortfolio. For further information, please contact me at the e-mail address below. mom12mom2000@yahoo.com

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