Poliomyelitis was carried
through a virus called the
Poliovirus. It was an
Poliomyelitis or polio for short is a
viral disease that affects the
nervous system. It can lead to
partial or full paralysis.
During the year 1789, a physician
named Michael Underwood wrote
the first clinical description of
The first outbreak
The first outbreak in the US
happened in 1894 in Vermont with
132 cases. This new disease was not
only bad but it was causing a lot of
conflict. Polio was exposed to
children under or around 5 years of
The Iron Lung: 1927
The iron lung is a machine that
helped patients in the early stages
of Polio. In the early stages the
virus would paralyze muscle
groups in the chest. The iron lung
would help patients breathe. Then
they would recover but some
patients were too weak to recover
from the disease.
The trials were carried out for years before they
found a cure. They eventually came up with a
succesful vaccine called the Salk vaccine.
The Salk vaccine
The Salk vaccine was created by
Jonas Salk to kill the virus. It was
the first vaccine ever made. The
vaccine was taken through
The Sabin or Oral vaccine was
created by Albert Sabin. The Oral
vaccine was perfected to make
people immune to Polio in general.
This vaccine was taken as a liquid
and patients would drink it.
Polio is no longer a disease people get.
It is no longer a risk but it can sometimes be a shot
new-born babies are required to have.
The end of polio