The History of Writing

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The History of Writing

  1. 1. The History of Writing Fernando Domènech Rey
  2. 2. What is Writing?Writing is a system representing It was not an easy way to reachwords. It is one of the biggest the perfection and simplicity of theachievements of humanity. Every alphabet. Some previous stepsidea or thought can be taken and were necessary. Do you knowpreserved for posterity. any of them?
  3. 3. Pictograms or IdeogramsIn the pictographic or ideographic writing, For example, in Chinese the ideogramyou use an image to represent a word or 人 (pronounced “rén”) meansan idea. “person” and it is the distorted representation of a male profile.Traffic signals are a modern example ofthis. Taking this into account, the ideogramDo you know some of them? 囚 (pronounced “qiú”) represents a person inside a square meaning "prisoner". Chinese has got 50.000 signs, and most of the speakers don’t know all of them.
  4. 4. SyllabariesIn the next step of our writing journeywe find syllabaries, with signsrepresenting syllables, not words.A famous example is the Linear B,which represents the Greek language. The Phaistos disk
  5. 5. The AlphabetAlphabet is the natural evolution of The first alphabet we know datessyllabary. back to 1500 BC. It had 30 signs, just for the consonants.Each sign represents a sound,reducing its number andmultiplying its capacity to createmillions of words and to expressabstract ideas. Ugaritic alphabetCuneiform writing was used by severalNear Orient Ancient cultures. Thiswriting evolved from an ideographicone to a syllabic one and finally to analphabetic one.
  6. 6. The Phoenician AlphabetThe first cuneiform alphabet evolved into Phoenician in 1400 BC.It consisted of 22 consonants.It’s the origin of all the Western alphabets: Hebrew and Aramaic (and from this the Arabian) ‫כריסטיאנו רונאלדו / كرستيانو رونالدو‬ Greek (and from this Etruscan) Κριστιάνο Ρονάλντο Latin (directly from Etruscan) Cristiano Ronaldo Cyrillic, that comes from Greek and Hebrew. Криштиану Роналду
  7. 7. Letters in Evolution
  8. 8. The Alphabets in the World
  9. 9. HieroglyphsHieroglyph means “sacred engraving”because it initially represented Gods intemples and tombs.It was extremely hard to dechipherthem because one design couldrepresent a sound, a syllable or aword/idea.Jean-François Champollion was thefirst scholar to decipher them.The discovery in 1799 of the RosettaStone by Napoleon’s troops madedeciphering possible.
  10. 10. Ancient Writing MaterialsStone: generally to engrave Clay: ancient cultures wrote on freshimportant texts. clay with a cane stylus. Cuneiform writing
  11. 11. Wax: it was very common in Rome. A Wood: pieces of wood cut intocap of wax was added on little slabs very thin sheets were varnishedof wood, so you could write on them and engraved upon.with a stylus. Words of Khakheperresoneb
  12. 12. Papyrus: it is a plant whose leaves the Parchment: it is made with Egyptians used to make something like leather. Monks wrote on it paper. They pasted one leaf to with a goose pen. They put another and made a roll. They used ink one piece of parchment on and a little stick to write with. another and tied them to make a codex, the predecessor of our books.
  13. 13. Modern Writing MaterialsPaper: it was invented in China in the 2nd century AD. It was introducedin the West in the 8th century and it replaced parchment gradually.The printing press was invented in the 15th century and paper becamethe common writing material until the invention of the electronic ones.Dunhuang Chinese Sky Gutenbergs press
  14. 14. Imageshttp://www.wordle.net/show/wrdl/5329016/History_of_Writinghttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Crete_-_Phaistos_disk_-_side_A.JPGhttp://www.ancient-hebrew.org/files/22_alphabet.jpghttp://zeek.forward.com/workspace/uploads/aleph-4bd820fe.jpghttp://users.telenet.be/worldstandards/images/spread%20of%20alphabets%20around%20the%20world.gifhttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Rosetta_Stone.JPGhttp://www.euskalnet.net/martra/ARCHIVOS/IMAGES/civilizaciones/EGI75.gifhttp://danluan.org/files/u2/441027_com_dreamstime_5758874.jpghttp://www.bibleandscience.com/shop/images/Roman%20Wax%20Tablet%20&%20Stylus.jpghttp://historyofinformation.com/images/words_of_Khakheperresoneb_wooden.jpghttp://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Cyperus_papyrus1.jpghttp://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Blank_papyrus_paper.jpghttp://centro.edu.mx/museojuguete/wp-content/uploads/2011/09/imprenta-gutenberg.gif

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