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Roman Architecture


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Roman Architecture

  1. 1. ROMAN ARCHITECTUREFernando Domènech Rey
  2. 2. MAIN FEATURESIt was conceived to represent the interest of the State and its ruling classes.It sought proportion and measure.
  3. 3. It used brick and stone and newly discovered concrete.It used Greek-inspired architecture but also used arches, vaults and domes.
  4. 4. TEMPLERoman and Greek temples looked alike from the outside.They could be circular or rectangular and built on a podium, which was a raised platform.A special case is the Pantheon in Rome. Maison Carrée, Nimes Temple of Hercules, Rome
  5. 5. THEATRE Theatres are very similar to the Greek ones. As great engineers, the Romans did not need the slope of a hill to build them. It has got three main parts:Scaena Orchestra Cavea
  6. 6. AMPHITHEATREIts shape resembles that of two theatres joined together, hence its name.They were used for events such as gladiator combats, venationes (animal slayings) executions.Its two main parts are Arena Cavea
  7. 7. CIRCUSIt was a building for horse and chariot races and equestrian shows.Its three main parts are Cavea Arena Spina
  8. 8. THERMAEThermae were large bath complexes with a large variety of facilities such as libraries,gymnasiums, gardens...The bath area was formed by caldarium, tepidarium and frigidarium.
  9. 9. BASILICAIt was a large roofed hall erected for transacting business and legal matters.Later, when Christianity became more and more important it was used for religious purposes. Model of the Basilica of Maxentius, Rome.
  10. 10. ARCHES AND COLUMNSThey commemorate some important military victory.Arches have between one and three archways with some memorial inscription onthe top.The most important columns were Trajans and Marcus Aurelius.They are said to be “the first comic strips of History”.Arch of Benevento Column of Trajan.Rome
  11. 11. ROMAN ENGINEERINGBuilding a via Transversal cut of a via
  12. 12. Images