Elements bàsics del llenguatge visual


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Elements bàsics del llenguatge visual

  1. 1. Basic elements of visual language Dots, lines and shapes
  2. 2. Talk about the main elements of the images: dots, lines and shapes.Discover and practise an art style: The Pointillism.Work with linesWork with shapesWe are going to...
  3. 3. The dot is the smallest graphic element that can be used.There are two types of dots: ◦ Geometric dots ◦ Graphic dots1. The dot
  4. 4. Geometric dot: in technical drawing, two lines cross themselves in a geometric point.Graphic dot: is the simplest element we can use to draw. It’s always small and nearly round.1. The dot
  5. 5. Dots build images: ◦ Our brain groups the dots to see figures and shapes.1. The dot
  6. 6. We can use dots to draw objects, delimit shapes and give them volume and shadows. The dot can also give us important information about colours and textures.1. The dot
  7. 7. At the end of the XIXth century, some French artists began to paint using small coloured dots.Those dots create an optic effect in our eyes that mixes the colours.This style is called Pointillism, and some of the most important painters were Paul Signac (1863-1935) and Georges Seurat (1859-1891).Pointillism
  8. 8. Georges Seurat Le cirqueUn dimanche après-midi à lÎle de la GrandeJattePointillism
  9. 9. Paul Signac DimanchePointillism
  10. 10. In the XXth century, other artists have used coloured dots in their paintings. Roy Lichtenstein (1923-1997)Other artists
  11. 11. 1. Look at the image and try to draw it in pointillistic style. To do this: first, draw it in a schematic way using the soft lead pencil. After, use the black pen to draw the dots. They must always have the same shape. Put a lot of dots in the darkest parts, and only a few in the brightest.Activities
  12. 12. 2.Create a painting in pointillistic style. You can draw and paint what you want (a portrait, a landscape, a still life...). Use felt tip pens in an A4 cardboard.Activities
  13. 13. 2. The line
  14. 14. If we observe a picture in detail, we’ll be able to see Lines, dots, shapes, the grid of pixels. Pixels textures and colours define the quality of a digital are the basic picture. We call them “map of bits”. elements of visual language. The dot is the most simple element, and it’s very important in graphic expression, arts and digital image.2. The line
  15. 15. A line is the track made by a point moving in space. There are two types of lines: geometric and graphic. The geometric line is the intersection between two planes. Geometric line2. The line
  16. 16. The graphic line can have a great assortment of shapes, colours and textures, and its trace can be done using a lot of different tools.2. The line
  17. 17. Intensity: depends on the pression we are doing with the drawing tool (pencil, brush, crayon...). If we press, the line is stronger: it has a higher intensity.Line’s characteristics
  18. 18. Thickness: as bigger is the line’s intensity, as thicker is the line: when we press, the line is more instense and thick.Line’s characteristics
  19. 19. Colour and uniformityLine’s characteristics
  20. 20. ◦ Using different tools and materials for drawing, we can get different types of lines. ◦ Lines can express ideas, emotions and feelings. ◦ Lines show the personality of the artist, as a signature does.Types of lines and expressivity
  21. 21. The lines can be horizontal, vertical, oblique or curved. ◦ Horinzontal lines express sensation of peace, quietness and coldness.Types of lines: horizontal lines
  22. 22. o Vertical lines express strength, elegance, spirituality.Types of lines: vertical lines
  23. 23.  Oblique lines transmit sensation of inestability. If they begin at the same point, they give us sensation of depth.Types of lines: oblique lines
  24. 24.  Curved lines give us sensation of movement.Types of lines: curved lines
  25. 25. ◦ In drawing and painting, lines are used to represent shapes. ◦ They also can be used as guides in a composition: they are called master lines or strength lines.Lines in art creation
  26. 26. ◦ In Art History there have been art styles that have used lines as very important elements. ◦ Modernism: begins at the end of XIXth century, and lines are everywhere. Modernists like wavy and sinuous lines.  “The life tree” by Gustav KlimtLines in art creation
  27. 27.  Modernists also build buildings full of wavy lines.  “Parc Güell”, by Antoni Gaudí.Lines in art creation
  28. 28. Neoplasticism: A Dutch painter called Piet Mondrian (1872-1944) was the first who painted using only vertical and horizontal lines, and only a few colours (white, black, red, blue and yellow).Lines in art creation
  29. 29. Look at this cartoon about types of line. It reproduces a painting of Franz Marc (1880-1916), an expressionist german painter. Tiger, by Franz MarcCuriosities
  30. 30. Activities from “The Artist’s Toolkit”Choose a picture of a magazine and draw it using lines. Use felt-tip pens.Activities