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The origin of language


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The origin of language

  2. 2. Time Magazine 1994
  3. 3. How did speech come about? • Age 4: oral speech & ability to communicate • Age 6. comprehend & express written lg (13,000) Science is insufficient/sufficient Colombia No exact # (6889). 65 to 68 indig Lg 2 Creols It has not evolve in other species Neurons/ anatomy Unique to humanS
  4. 4. How many languageless communities have you heard of? NO LAGUAGELESS COMMUNITY HAS EVER BEEN FOUND Atlas of Language
  5. 5. “make the problem go away” founded in 1866 Banned 1866 That is an amazing admission of defeat Linguistic Society of Paris Not only theory but physical Unique ability Lgs evolve spontaneously Many animals are capable of communicating
  6. 6. Some Lg Theories Strange labels were given to nineteenth century attempts to explain the origin of lg The early theories are now referred to by the nicknames given to them by language scholars fed up with unsupportable just-so stories
  7. 7. Theory What's wrong with this theory THE BOWWOW Ancestors imitating the natural sounds.. few words are onomatopoeic words vary Lg another. (a dog's bark) Onomatopoeic recent Do not derived from natural sounds. THE DINGDONG by Plato and Pythagoras: the essential qualities of objects in the environment. Apart from some rare instances of sound symbolism, there's no evidence of an innate connection between sound and meaning.
  8. 8. Theory What's wrong with this theory? THE LA-LA The linguist Otto Jespersen suggested that language may have developed from sounds associated with love, play, and (especially) song As David Crystal notes (Penguin, 2005), this theory still fails to account for "the gap between the emotional and the rational aspects of speech expression." THE POOHPOOH No language contains This theory holds that very many interjections, speech began and, Crystal points out, with interjections-cries of pain ("Ouch!"), surprise ("Oh!"), and other emotions ("Yabba dabba do!").
  9. 9. Theory What's wrong with this theory? The Yo-He-Ho In this theory language evolved from the grunts, groans, and snorts evoked by heavy physical labor. Though this notion may account for some of the rhythmic features of language, it doesn't go very far in explaining where words come from. THE TA-TA Mouth gestures to mimic manual gestures. For example, saying ta-ta is like waving goodbye with your tongue. Most of the things we talk about do not have characteristic gestures associated with them, much less gestures you can imitate with the tongue and mouth.
  10. 10. Theories of the origin of language THE BRAIN • The Ape • Linguistic research & neurological studies • Neuronal network/ anatomical components THE BIBLE • Adam and Eva • His own image • The tower of Babel/The same lg • Different Communities spread
  11. 11. The Brain (Damage) • THE BROCA AREA Damage to Wernicke’s area results in a loss of the ability to understand language 1861, Paul Broca – Left frontal cortex – Can understand lg • Unable to prod speech • Words not formed properly (baby talk) • WERNICKE AREA 1876, Carl Wernicke Back – temporal lobe – words not made no sense patients with damage to Broca’s area can understand language, they generally are unable to produce speech
  12. 12. The complexity of language • • • • • Only human behavior Design of new language Grammar Makes words Pronunciation Ability to learn 10 words per day Brad Hurrub 2003
  13. 13. The Bible • “Let Us make man in Our image, according to Our likeness;” ... So God created man in His own image; in the image of God He created him; male and female He created them’ (Genesis 1:26-27). The most acceptable theory
  14. 14. References • here-Does-Language-ComeFrom.htm rfaq/a/Where-Does-Language-Come-From.htm • •