DISIGNING OF COSTUME
P.G.DEPARTMENT OF HOME SCIENCE
PREPARED BY- HETA PATEL.
SUBMITTED TO-NAMRITA KOLA.
The purpose of this study, is to identify style
and functional features of present clothing for
Main goal to design a costume for
handicapped is to promote independence in
dressing to the extent possible and then assistance
to the caregiver in adaptive clothing designs when
assisted dressing is
Clothing is one of the fundamental needs of an individual in every day living.
Clothing is a means of self-expression as well as a basic necessity.
Most people are interested in clothing that is comfortable, convenient, easy to
handle, safe to wear, easy to clean and attractive in design, This is equally
true of the handicapped individuals whose needs are even greater than ours
because they need special designs and adaptations for comfort and
convenience to increase their ability for becoming independent.(Tavawala
"Functional Fashions," as the project was named, was headed by designer
Helen Copkman. Her philosophy was that clothing for the handicapped could
be functional, becoming, and fashionable (Allen 1975).
The study of clothing for the handicapped is a vast and relatively new area of
concern. Special clothing has been designed for people whose figures vary
from the norm. Clothing of the handicapped person plays as important role in
first impressions, can improve the self-image of the handicapped, and aid in
their rehabilitation (Allen 1975).
Design of clothe for following types of
physically handicapped people.
1. Limited Range of Motion.
2. Wheelchair users
5. Arm and Leg Casts
6. Limited vision
Limited range of
motion refers to a joint
that has a reduction in
its ability to move. it
may be caused by
injury or diseases. Pain,
swelling, and stiffness
garments as nightgowns, blouses, and dresses
should open full length, or at least through the
waist, to eliminate as much effort as possible in
getting them over the head and arms.
For persons with very little mobility, garments can
be opened so that they will lie flat, then wrapped
around the person in a lying down position. Which
will be fastened with zippers, snaps, or pressure.
Fabrics should be lightweight, soft, and flexible, so
there will not be undue pressure on the individual.(A
Pacific Northwest Extension Publication,1983)
Many people must spend a large portion of
their lives in wheelchairs. Some are able to
achieve partial or complete independence in
dressing themselves, while other's are totally
dependent on others to dress them.
The basic clothing problem facing the
individual in a wheelchair is that clothes are
designed for the standing figure and People
who sit continuously need
Continual sitting in a wheelchair enlarges the
hips and waistline so garments must allow
ample room in these areas. For some
individuals, operating a wheelchair makes the
fabric should be soft, stretchable, absorbent,
slick enough for turning over in bed easily to
and from the wheelchair.
Inside seam and facing should be a finished
so they are not rough and irritating.
Fasteners should be larger to use and not use
lack of voluntary control over urination or
This person are faced with many unpleasant tasks such as
washing clothing and bedding and cleaning furniture and
floors. For those reasons, the problem becomes a very
emotional as well as physical one.
For them clothing should be easy to take off and to care
Unnecessary garments should be avoided as they can be
just that many more things to change.
Back opening wrap-around designs are good choices for
Onemore suggestion about footwear is go without shoes
whenever possible or wear soft washable fabric boots at
Choose man-made fabric rather than leather.
More than one pair is need to use.
The woman who has had a mastectomy is first faced with choosing a
breast prosthesis (form to replace the missing breast), then with
choosing clothing. The prosthesis should be comfortable, fit well,
and look natural.
Usually a month or two after surgery. In the meantime a temporary
form may be obtained through "Reach to Recovery, lightweight
padding can be improvised with a variety of materials such as cotton
balls, polyester fiber-fill, lamb's wool, or old nylon hose. These
lightweight materials are too light for adequate balance so are
usually not satisfactory for permanent use.
A permanent prosthesis should match the weight of the missing
breast in order to retain body balance.
For that The most commonly used type is filled with
glycerine,silicone gel. Other kinds are filled with air, weighted or
unweight foam rubber, or polyester.
A liquid- or gel-filled prosthesis will shift with movements of the
body and give a natural appearance.
Fabrics should be lightweight, so that they
won't cause pressure on the shoulders and
Wearing an arm or leg cast is a temporary disability but does
require that clothing be adapted to fit over the cast. It is also
necessary to find ways of dressing and undressing,
particularly when the cast is on the arm.
• Choose blouses or shirts of stretchy knit fabric that can be
pulled over the arm cast and worn in normal fashion.
• They may need to be several sizes bigger than usual.
Sweater, knit T-shirts, or sweat shirts can be worn the
• A sleeve can be opened temporarily in a better garment. It
will be more comfortable.
If pants are to be worn over the cast they should be of
stretchy knit fabrics and have full-cut legs.
Jogger's pants are a possibility if they have a zipper or a
stretchy band at the ankles.
It may be a necessary to open a seam in the pants leg
and insert a zipper as long as the cast. The zipper can
be put in either the inseam or side seam of the pants,
wherever it is easiest to open and close.
Women and girls can wear full-cut skirts.
Tavawala B.(1982)’clothing for the physically
handicapped ‘,doctorate thesis, submitted to the
department of home science 'maharaja sayajirao
Koester A.(1983)’clothing for people with physical
handicaps', A pacific northwest extension
Allen C.(1975)’clothing design for the physically
handicapped elderly woman', post graduate thesis,
submitted to department of home economies,
Montana state university, Montara.