Version 07102003for beginners 1 Contact information : email@example.com or firstname.lastname@example.org
PrefaceBefore starting, I humbly prostrate to ðYvara (God), Who is the creator of all of us.I bow to the feet of sad-gUrU (unattached realized spiritual guide), who showedme the ultimate path of spiritualism. Words fail to express my gratitude towardsgreat sad-gUrU, sages and seers of India.This presentation is an effort to reveal very basic concept of spiritualism toeducated people. Facts presented in this presentation are mere reproduction ofspiritual teaching of great sad-gUrU, which are based upon veda (ancientaccumulated Holy wisdom of great sages and seers of India).In order to make the subject simple, at times the explanation in this material maysuffer in depth. There may be some omissions and mistakes in this work, but I amsure that your suggestions will improve this work to a great extent. Kindly send inyour suggestions at email@example.com or firstname.lastname@example.orgPeace by means of peace. 2
Content# Topic Page1. Objective................................................................................ 042. An Advise to the Audience................................................... 053. Cause and Effect Theory...................................................... 064. Cosmic Consciousness and Its Energy.............................. 105. Separated Consciousness................................................... 136. Axiomatic Truth..................................................................... 157. Three Bodies.......................................................................... 228. Law of karma......................................................................... 249. Birth and Death Cycle........................................................... 2610. Four Levels of Consciousness............................................ 2911. Five Sheath Principal............................................................ 3112. Mind........................................................................................ 3513. Subtle energy points............................................................. 4414. Methodology.......................................................................... 4815. Religion and Spirituality....................................................... 6016. Six Verses to Liberation........................................................ 6417. Terminology........................................................................... 65 3
ObjectiveMost of the us are at a position where we can neither accept nor reject God.How do we get answers for very basic fundamental questions such as Who isGod? Is God a mere concept for physically and mentally weak people? Why somany miseries? What is the purpose of this life? Why death? What is death? Whatafter death? Why is God so imperfect? Why God is creating problems for all ofus? Who has made Nature? Is everything pre-destined? What is the role of free-will? What is religion and rituals? Every religious man has their own conviction,then who is right and who is wrong? What is the definition of right and wrong?Why blood-shed on the name of religion? How do we meditate and get peace?And most important question is that who is asking all these questions? Who Iam? What is my origin and the final destination?In order to get the answers to these valid questions, one has to step out of ownmaterial self and start contemplating upon these questions. veda sheds the lighton these questions and helps us to understand the ultimate reality.An important point which we need understand is that veda are not confined to anyparticular religion, rather veda are generic knowledge on essential spirituality.veda contain various techniques and methodologies to realize Self and revealBeyond. 4
An Advise to the Audience1. Mirror of consciousness will not reveal anything if it is covered with the dust of wrong pseudo spiritualism and material logic, which is based upon five imperfect senses and relativity.2. In spiritualism, logic is good to some extent, but after that it becomes a barrier.3. Have a non-critical, unbiased and inventive mind of a Scientist. Prior to an invention, a Scientist doesn’t have any logic to prove his work, but even then he is fully dedicated and committed to his work, which eventually makes him successful.4. Mind is clever and always tries to consolidate answers for it’s convenience. Have quest for knowledge and live with questions. Borrowed knowledge can serve the purpose to some extent. Answers are to be discovered by your own self.5. Scriptures reveal themselves when read again and again. Read, understand, integrate and then implement.6. Tons of reading is better than an ounce of practice. Theory is supplementary to practical. To quench the thirst, water is needed and not the theory of H2O.7. Get rid of crunches of belief and realize the Truth yourself. 5
Cause and Effect TheoryTheoretically, to understand asystem, it is essential todecompose and then againreunite it’s components.Apparently, this makes thesystem a little more complex, butthis process increases the depthof knowledge at an intellectuallevel, which makes the practicaleasy.Lets try to analyze an experiment,which is getting conducted in alaboratory. In this experiment, ascientist is transforming watervapors to water, and then waterto ice.Through this experiment we willtry to understand the variousstages of transformation andrelation between gross, subtle, 6cause and source.
Cause and Effect TheoryNow this experiment has following four aspects - 1. Ice is gross (sthUla). Source 2. Water is subtle (sUkSma) (Intelligence) Understanding is from Gross to Source Manifestation is from Source to Gross Manifestation is from Source to Gross 3. Water vapors are the cause (kAraNa) of water and ice. 4. Scientist is the source, the intelligence behind the process. Cause (WaterBased upon the above experiment, now we can vapors)establish the following facts – 1. Cause is subtle and effect is gross. Effect is the gross manifestation of the cause. Subtle 2. Water vapors and ice are subtle water and gross (Water) water respectively. Substratum (H2O) is the same, and difference is in the forms and names only. 3. This transformation can happen both ways i.e. water vapors to ice and vice versa. Gross 4. Scientist’s intelligence is the source behind this (Ice) transformation and not involved in the actual 7 transformation process.
Cause and Effect Theory1. Each effect has a cause, as water vapors are the cause of water and ice. Similarly, “This” (we, Nature and beyond) are the effects of “That” (Cosmic Consciousness), and “That” is the cause of “This”.2. Effects are different forms and names (Upadhi) of the same cause, as water and ice is the different form and name for water vapors. Similarly, “This” is the different forms and names of same “That”. If we drop the idea of forms and names, then “This” becomes “That’.3. An effect cannot exist without its cause, as water and ice cannot exist without water vapors or H2O molecules. Similarly, “This” can not exist without “That”. If we take out “That” from “This”, “This” also vanishes.“This” is the effect of “That” and “That” is thesource of “This”. If one drops of the relativeperspective of “This” and “That”, then “This” is“That” and “That” is “This”. In other words, causeis subtler effect, and effect is grosser cause.Cause of causes is Cosmic Consciousness (ðYvara)and rest all are Its manifestations. In the infiniteocean of Cosmic Consciousness, innumerablewaves (Self as a Separated Consciousness) emerge 8and then finally merge back.
Cause and Effect TheoryAuM (~) is the sacred symbol and is the representation of CosmicConsciousness and It’s manifestation i.e. creation. AuM is the combination offollowing sequence of root sounds -1. A-kArA is the sound of “A” (as pronounced in up), which represents gross manifested 3 4 form of Cosmic Consciousness.2. U-kArA is the sound of “U” (as pronounced in put), which represents subtle manifestation of Cosmic Consciousness.3. mA-kArA is the sound of “M” (as pronounced in mother), which represents 2 cause of Cosmic Consciousness. 14. Sound of silence, the vibrations and pause after mA-kArA represents the Source i.e. Cosmic Consciousness Itself. Sound of silence or emptiness is the substratum, which acts like a canvas on which painting with A-kArA, U-kArA and mA-kArA is made. 9
Cosmic Consciousness and Its EnergyThe whole Universe is infinite river ofenergy. Where energy is condensed, itbecomes visible in the form of mass, aswhirlpools are visible in a river. Thisenergy is known as Nature (prakRti).Energy can convert itself into gross form,which is called mass and vise versa.Mass is gross energy and energy issubtle mass.In the scientific world, “Wave/ParticleDuality of Light” is an interestingexample, where minutest known Energysubstance, has two contradictingproperties of wave and particle.Essentially this means that sometimes a Conversionwave acts like a particle and vise versa!From scientific perspective, this isillogical because, wave is a process of an Massenergy whereas particle is a mass. 10
Cosmic Consciousness and Its EnergyBut Energy (prakRti) itself is not intelligent. Some Intelligent Principle behind thescene is controlling this Energy. This Intelligent Principle, the Universal Lawbehind the process is known as Cosmic Consciousness (ðYvara).Thats why Cosmic Consciousness is Immortal, Formless, without Limbs, Action-less, All-pervading (thus Immovable), Unchanging, Second-less, Indivisible,Infinite, Eternal and without Attributes (nirguNa).Cosmic Consciousness has manifested Itself inIt’s Energy (Nature), and from this perspective, SustainCosmic Consciousness is with attributes (saguN)also. It’s like same electricity is gettingmanifested in various electrical equipments suchas bulb, fan etc. Create ðYvaraNature’s cycle does create, sustain and absorb(to re-cycle and re-fresh) it’s creation.Cosmic Consciousness is the Source, andNature is Its effect. Nature depends upon CosmicConsciousness, but inseparable from Cosmic AbsorbConsciousness, the way a nail is inseparablefrom it’s finger and Sun-light from Sun. 11
Cosmic Consciousness and Its EnergyNature has two powers –1. Power to veil (AvarNa Yakti) : Nature is untrue existence and true appearance, thus called illusion (mAyA). For example your image in the mirror is there, but not real.2. Power to distract (vikSepa Yakti) is of three types – a. Power to know (jJAna Yakti). b. Power to desire (IcchA Yakti). c. Power of doing action (kiryA Yakti). You get the knowledge of an apple through the power-to-know (jJAna Yakti). Then a desire arises in the mind to possess that apple, which is the power-to- desire (IcchA Yakti). Then you exert to obtain that apple with the help of power-of-doing-an-action (kiryA Yakti).Nature has trinity essences (triguNAtmik Yakti) –a. sattva : Saint like tendencies such as sentient, goodness, light, purity etc. sattva rajasb. rajas : King like tendencies such as kinetic, ðYvara mutative, passion etc.c. tamas : Negative tendencies such as static, 12 inertia, ignorance, darkness, dullness etc. tamas
Separated ConsciousnessApparently, “Free will” Separates Individual Consciousness (Atman or Soul orSelf) from Cosmic Consciousness. The Separated Consciousness has twonatures – 1. Conditioning through Nature’s veil 2. Original form (svarUpa) sat-chitta-Ananda - a. sat is existence i.e. truth. b. chitta is consciousness. Cosmic c. Ananda is bliss. ConsciousnessFor example, while watching a movie, one gets Manifestation Understandingassociated (gets conditioned) with the false environmentcreated by the movie. When one witnesses (Yakshi) thatits projector’s beam, which is making false impression Nature as veilon the inert screen (and not onto himself), he getsdisassociated with the false environment and becomesestablished in his own self (svarUpa).Nature acts as a veil between Separated Consciousness Separatedand Cosmic Consciousness. Environment outside and Consciousnessinside of a pot is the same. When pot (veil of Nature) isbroken then the environment inside (SeparatedConsciousness) becomes one with the environment 13outside (Cosmic Consciousness) of the pot.
Separated ConsciousnessAll the objects, except Separated Consciousness, under Nature are temporaryand thus unreal. Cosmic Consciousness is real, Nature is unreal, and apparentSeparated Consciousness is Cosmic Consciousness only. SeparatedConsciousness is a fraction of Cosmic Consciousness only, and thus above andbeyond Nature.yogA means union between Cosmic Consciousness,Separated Consciousness andCosmic Consciousness. the SubstratumSeparated Consciousness isever pure and divine, but the Body Veil Cosmic Separatedveil of ignorance made of Consciousness Consciousnesstamas, rajas and sattva makesthe Separated Consciousnesslimited and finite.sattva is superior to rajas, and rajas is better than tamas. Objective is to morphourselves from tamas to rajas, rajas to sattva and then transcend sattva too,which is known as guNatIta.The sculpture (Separated Consciousness) already exist in the rock, onlyunnecessary rock (veil of Nature) is to be chipped off to get the sculpture out ofthe rock. “That” is already there, only veil between “This” and “That” is to 14 bedropped. That’s why we always pray “Reveal Thyself”.
Axiomatic Truth1. “That” is sat (Truth), the only nameless substance, one without second (non-dual), with no beginning or end. sat Cosmic2. Two aspects of Sat, are chitta and Ananda. Consciousness The interplay of these two aspects of divinity causes creation. chitta is love, attraction and Cosmic Consciousness. Ananda is will, enjoyment and Nature.3. The Cosmic Consciousness and Nature in its chitta Ananda aspect of repulsion and attraction vibrates. This process emanates a sound known as attraction & repulsion Pranava (AuM). vibration emanates AuM sound4. praNava (AuM) manifests the idea of – a. Time (kAla). b. Space (AkaYa). c. Units (aNu).5. These four ideas of praNava, time, space and unit lay down the foundation of creation, which together act as a veil reflecting the 15 spiritual rays of the Cosmic Consciousness.
Axiomatic Truth6. This veil is composed of three essences (guNa) – a. sattva : Saint like tendencies such as sentient, goodness, light, purity etc. b. rajas : King like tendencies such as kinetic, mutative, passion etc. c. tamas : Negative tendencies such as static, inertia, ignorance, darkness, dullness etc.7. Then the state of equilibrium of the three essences gets disturbed. As a result energies get polarized and chain of deformation occurs.8. As a consequence of deformation of sattva, Self (Separated Consciousness) manifests, which is also known as mahtattva.9. Self further gets deformed and manifests as false ego (ahaMkAra), which causes repulsion and separation of Self from Cosmic Consciousness.10. The three essences, although distinguished by their distinctive features, are the conglomerates of the same three essences in differing proportions. This manifests five fundamental essences, called paJca-tattava i.e. sattva, sattva + rajas, rajas , rajas + tamas and tamas. 16
Axiomatic Truth11. Five fundamental essences (paJca-tattava) consist casual body (kAraNa Sharir), which is cause of subtle body (sUkSma Sharir or lingadeha) and gross material body (sthUla Sharir).12. From the sattva component, the five knowledge senses (jJanendriya) evolves – a. Ear (Yrautra). b. Skin (tvacha). c. Eye (ckShu). d. Tongue (jihvA). e. Nose (Yrautra).13. rajas give rise to five subtle organs of action (karmendriya) –– a. Speech (vak). b. Hand (pAni). c. Feet (pAyu). d. Genital (upasth). e. Anus (pAyu). 17
Axiomatic Truth14. rajas components manifest as five major prANa (subtle life force) – a. prANa – breathing. b. apAna - excretion of waste and urine. c. vayAna - circulation of blood. d. udAna - deglutition or swallowing of food. e. samAna - digestion of food.15. From tamas components, five rudimentary principles of the elements (tanmAtra) are emerged – a. Sound (Yabda). b. Touch (sparSa). c. Form or color (rUpa). d. Taste (rasa). e. Smell (gandha).16. Five rudimentary principles of elements further gets deformed and evolve themselves as five gross elements (paJca-mahabhuta) - Subtle to gross Subtle to gross a. from Sound to Space (Space). b. from Touch to Air (Space + Air). c. from Form to Fire (Space + Air + Fire). d. from Taste to Water (Space + Air + Fire + Water). e. from Smell to Earth (Space + Air + Fire + Water + Earth). 18 Subtle to gross
Axiomatic Truth17. These five gross elements has a tendency to grossify (paJcnIkarna) i.e. split itself into half (50%), and rest of the half (50%) further gets divided into four equal parts (12.5%), and then gets unified with other four half (50%) gross elements. Below is grossification process for five gross elements – Space Air Fire Water Earth 1st Step : Split 50% Grossification 2nd Step : Split 50% in 4 parts i.e. 12.5% 3rd Step : 12.5% gets merges with other 50% 3rd step is the manifested form of Space, Air, Fire, Water and Earth. Together these five gross elements constitute the gross material body. 19
Axiomatic Truth18. Fine subtle body consist of following nineteen elements - a. Five organs of knowledge. b. Five organs of action. c. Five prANa. d. Inner subtle equipment (antaHkaraNa) - i. Emotional Mind (man). ii. Intellect (buddhi). iii. Chit is basic faculty through which mind operates i.e. combination of conscious, subconscious, unconscious, memory and more. iv. Ego (ahaMkAra).19. With the three bodies - casual body, gross material body and subtle body, having been formed, the play of repulsion comes to a halt and attraction of the Cosmic Consciousness becomes evident.20. Thus whole macrocosm is within An object has five aspects – microcosm. 1. Name (nAma) Belongs toShe (Nature) loves Him (Cosmic Nature and 2. Form (rUpa) variesConsciousness) so much that She tries tocapture Him, by constructing nine door 3. sat (Asti)temples (human bodies) and establishes Substratum 4. chitta (bhati)Him in it. is the same 20 5. Ananda (priyA)
Axiomatic Truth Axiomatic Truth sat sat Self Self Subtle body Subtle body Gross bodychittachitta Ananda Ananda Ego prANa Ear Speech Sound Space Chit Chit apAna Skin Hand Touch Air Time Space Unit Intellect vayAna Intellect Eye Eye Feet Feet Form Form Fire Fire sattva tamas rajas Emotion udAna udAna Tongue Genital Taste Taste Water Water Tongue Genital Mind Mind samAna Nose Anus Smell Earth Rudimentary principle from tanmAtra of the elements Organs of knowledge from rajas organs of action from sattva Gross elements from rajas prANa from tamas Self & inner subtle equipment from sattva sattva + rajas rajas + tamas Casual bodysattva tamas rajas 21
Three BodiesThree bodies are - 1. Gross material body is what we see and feel. 2. Subtle body drives gross material body. 3. Casual body is based on ignorance (avidyA) and is the cause of the gross material and subtle body.The shell of a Mango corresponds to grossmaterial body. The pulp represents subtle 1body and seed corresponds to casual Casual bodybody. Binding elements for casual, gross causesmaterial and subtle body are – 1. Body (deha). 2. Action (karma). Ego is the main 3. Love (rAga). binding element 4. Hate (dveSa). 2 3 Subtle body 5. Egoism (ahaMkAra). Gross body drives 6. Non-discrimination (Aviveka). 22 7. Ignorance (AjJana).
Three BodiesGross material body has nine (and Gross material body is made up of seventwo hidden) gates – primary essences (saptadhAtu) – 1. Left ear. 1. Chyle. 2. Right ear. 2. Blood. 3. Left eye. 3. Flesh. 4. Right eye. 4. Fat. 5. Mouth. 5. Bone. 6. Nose. 6. Marrow. 7. Navel. 7. Semen. 8. Genital. Fine subtle body consist of following 9. Anus. nineteen elements –Gross material body goes under Five 1. Five organs of knowledge.modifications – 2. Five organs of action. 1. Potential existence. 3. Five prANa (subtle life force). 2. Born. 4. Inner subtle equipment - 3. Grows. a. Emotional Mind. 4. Matures. b. Intellect. 5. Decay. c. chitta. 6. Dies. d. Ego. 23
Law of karmaBecause of karma (past and present mental and physical actions), SeparatedConsciousness becomes conditioned and goes through the purification processcreated by Nature. Types of karma are – 1. Negative. Common man does 1st and 2nd type of karma, 2. Positive and negative. where proportion of negative karma are high. 3. Positive. 4. Neither positive nor negative : Only yogI can achieve this type of karma.Categories of karma as can be explained viaBowmans analogy - 1. Accumulated (saJcita karma) : The bundle of arrows in the quiver. 2. Fructifying (prArabdha karma) : The arrow shot, which can not be recalled. 3. Current (kriyamAna karma) : The arrow, which is about to shoot from the bow. 24
Law of karmaWe have control over accumulated and current karma, provided we use fructifyingkarma correctly.River of “free will” can change it’s course in the pre-defined plan of karma.Accumulated karma in the latent form are called saMskAra, which is the subtlebase of our manifested desires (vAsana). saMskAra further gets strengthened byignorance (avidyA), and because of ignorance one starts considering – 1. the short-lived as eternal. 2. the impure as pure. 3. the painful as pleasurable. 4. the non-Soul (body, mind etc.) as Soul.Result is worldly afflictions (kleSa). Pain and pleasure are two faces of the samecoin, which is called Pain. Pleasure and pain are pain only.Because of this vicious circle, the Separated Consciousness becomesconditioned through five senses and as a result emotional mind overpowers andfurther traps the Self in karma. Freedom lies in, in controlling the mind and notgetting controlled by mind. 25
Birth and Death Cycle CosmicDeath is separation of gross material body and subtle body. Consciousness1. Gross material body merges back into five gross elements – a. Space. Separated b. Air. Consciousness c. Fire. Dismantler d. Water. e. Earth. prANa2. Subtle body – a. Five subtle senses merges into mind - i. Sound. ii. Touch. Sound Mind Smell iii. Form or color. vi. Taste. v. Smell. Touch Taste b. Mind merges into prANa. Form c. prANa merges into Separated Consciousness. d. Separated Consciousness merges back into Cosmic Consciousness.At the time of death, five subtle senses merges into mind, and mind into prANa ,and prANa into Separated Consciousness, and Separated Consciousness intoCosmic Consciousness. 26
Birth and Death CycleThis is different from Liberation (mokSa). Here theshell of the small glass (ignorance) doesn’t let thewater of small glass (Separated Consciousness)merge with the water of big glass (CosmicConsciousness).Since separated Consciousness is covered withthe veil of ignorance, it comes back to Nature toexhaust its accumulated karma. The subtle bodyalong with Casual body transmigrates, andconstructs new gross material gross materialbody and again starts watching the same oldmovie consisting of six modification i.e. potentialexistence, born, grows, matures, decay and dies.Ego is the binding element between three bodies. Casual body is the cause forsubtle body and gross material body. Subtle body drives gross material body.Separated Consciousness, is separate from three bodies.For every action there is an equal and opposite reaction. SeparatedCoconsciousness is responsible for fruits of it’s karma. Cosmic Consciousness isjust the facilitator and dispenser of the results based upon karma. 27
Birth and Death CycleCycle – 1. Death. 2. Transmigration and birth. 1 a. at a higher level such as Angels. Death b. at the same level such as human. 2 c. at a lower level such as animals. Transmigration 8 and birth Result is pain 3. Past subtle impressions (saMskAra). 3 4. Relation of senses with an Past subtle Nature’s vicious circle, Nature’ 7 the purification process karma object creates thought ripples impressions in the lake of mind (vRitti). 4 5. Desire. Relation with 6 an object Ego 6. Ego. 5 Desire 7. karma. 8. Result is pain. 28
Four Levels of ConsciousnessFour stages of consciousness are -1. Wake (jAgrata) state, where ego gets identified with gross material body and karma comes into play, because "I" becomes doer and enjoyer.2. Sleep (svapna) state, ego gets identified with casual These states are body and subtle body. No doer and only enjoyer experienced by all remains. of us in our normal day to day life.3. Deep sleep (suSupti) state, ego gets identified with casual body and there is neither a doer nor enjoyer. Maximum peace without senses and mind, with no concept of time, space and unit.4. 4th satge (turiyA) stage means total absorption. It is This stage is to be whole and encompasses all the above three states. It discovered is transcendental, non-dual and supreme bliss. in meditation.Each state exists, but negates others experience and objects. Though deep sleepexperience is without mind and senses, but joy of deep sleep is incomparable tosensual pleasure. 29
Four Levels of ConsciousnessAuM (~) is the sacred symbol and is the representation of CosmicConsciousness and It’s manifestation i.e. creation. AuM is the combination offollowing sequence of root sounds -1. A-kArA is the sound of “A” (as 3 4 pronounced in up), which represents wake state.2. U-kArA is the sound of “U” (as pronounced in put), which represents sleep state.3. mA-kArA is the sound of “M” (as pronounced in mother), which 2 represents deep sleep state. 14. Sound of silence, the vibrations and pause after mA-kArA represents the 4th stage. Sound of silence or emptiness is the substratum, on which the music of A-kArA , U-kArA and mA-kArA is 30 made.
Five Sheaths PrincipalOur internal organs are covered withvarious layers made of skeleton, Food sheath Gross bodybio-magnetism, muscles and skinetc. Similarly, SeparatedConsciousness is covered with five Subtle life force sheathsheaths (koYa). yogi transcend allthese sheaths one by one.1. Food sheath (annamaya koYa), is Mind sheath Subtle body made up of the essence of food, and finally it returns to food i.e. earth or matter. It belongs to gross material body. Intellectual sheath2. Subtle life force sheath (prANamay koYa) is made of Bliss sheath Casual body prANa and the five organs of action. This sheath controls hunger, thirst, heat and cold. The gross subtle life force does the Self functions of breathing, digestion, excretion, circulation etc., and subtle life force generates 31 thoughts. Cosmic Conciousness
Five Sheaths PrincipalA. Main category of prANa – a. prANa is Yellow in color, located at chest and controls breathing. b. apAna is Orange in color, located at anus and controls excretion of waste. c. vayAna is Rose in color, located in entire body and controls circulation of blood. d. udAna is Violet Blue in color, located at throat and controls swallowing of food. It takes the Separated Consciousness to rest in Cosmic Consciousness during deep sleep state. It separates the subtle body from the gross material body at the time of death. e. samAna is Green in color, located at navel and controls digestion of food.B. Five sub categories of prANa – a. nAga controls belching and hiccough and vomiting. b. kUrma controls closing and opening of eyelids. c. kRkara controls hunger. d. devadatta controls yawning. e. dhanaMjaya nourishes the body, decomposition of the body after death 32 and ejection of the child from the womb.
Five Sheaths Principal3. The mind sheath (manomay koYa) consists of the emotional mind, the subconscious (chitta) and the the sense organs of knowledge. This sheath controls thinking and doubting, anger, lust, exhilaration, depression and delusion.4. The intellectual sheath (vijJAnamaya koYa) consist of the intellectual and the ego working with the help of the five sense organs of knowledge. Discrimination and decision or determination, agency of doer-ship and enjoyer-ship are the functions of this sheath.5. The bliss sheath (Anandamaya koYa) gives bliss during deep sleep state and at the time of experiencing the effect of a sattva deeds. It is a modification of Nature and consists of the thought ripple in the lake of mind (vRitti) – a. The joy you experience when you look at an object you like (priyA). b. The great joy you feel when you possess the object you like (mod). c. The greatest joy you experience after enjoyment of the object you like (pramoda).You get the knowledge of an apple through power-to-know of the intellectualsheath. Then a desire arises in the mind to possess apple, which is power-of-desire of mind sheath. Then you exert to obtain apple with the help of power-of- 33doing-action of Subtle Life Force sheath.
Five Sheaths PrincipalSheath and bodies relation – 1. Gross material body has food sheath. 2. Subtle body has prANa sheath, mind sheath, intellectual sheath. 3. Casual body has bliss sheath.Relation between sheaths and levels of Consciousness - 1. All the five sheaths function during the wake state. 2. prANa sheath, mind sheath, intellectual sheath and bliss sheath function during sleep state. Intellectual sheath and bliss sheath function partially. 3. Bliss sheath functions during deep sleep state.Six waves in the ocean of this World are – 1. Birth and death for the food sheath. 2. Hunger and thirst for prANa sheath. 3. Grief and delusion for the mind sheath.Separated Consciousness is after bliss sheath. And beyond SeparatedConsciousness is the Cosmic Consciousness – the Source. 34
MindWhen we (subject) perceive an object (or an idea), we first evolve that object within ourselves. Then as per our conditioning, we categories the object as good orbad (duality), which gives us pain or apparent pleasure.Let’s explode the transaction between an object and subject. Objects are made offive gross elements viz Space, Air, Fire, Water and Earth. These objects areperceived by five senses i.e. Sound, Touch, Form, Taste and Smell respectively.For example we are look at a menu in a restaurant, our senses (eyes) passes onthe perceived menu items to the mind, which is divided into three components - 1. Lower mind (man) : Lower mind is directly connected with five senses and controls choices, emotions and feelings etc. Polluted memory and intellect is known as lower mind. Flipping through various food menu items is an activity carried out by lower mind. 2. Intelligence (buddhi) : Lower mind passes on the menu choices to Mind intelligence, which sits between lower mind and chitta. Intelligence controls discrimination, decision, thought and rationality etc. The final selection of a menu item is made by intelligence. 3. chitta : chitta is the basic faculty through which mind operates i.e. combination of conscious, subconscious, unconscious, memory and more. Chit controls wisdom (viveka). 35And final action is carried out by ego, and selected item is ordered from the menu.
MindAnd behind this gross and subtle equipments (body with senses, lower mind,intelligence and chitta), Separated Consciousness acts as a source of energy, theway electricity is the life for various inert electrical equipments.Relation with an object activates similar accumulated bubble of past subtleimpression (saMskAra) in the lake of mind. Bubble of accumulated past subtleimpression surface up and burst at the surface of lake of mind, and create thoughtripples, which are known as vRitti.Because of thought ripples in the lake ofmind, one gets identified with themultiplicity of the thought waves, whichis created by link list of thoughts andmind becomes distracted. Thoughts takemultitudes of shapes very similar to yourown distorted reflection in a vibratingsurface of the water and thus one cannot see the base (SeparatedConsciousness) in the lake of mind.These thought ripples are linear (oneafter and another) and naturallycontrolled by practice (abhyAsa) and 36non-attachment (vairAgya).
Mind Mind Body with 5 senses Space Sound 5 great elements Objects made of Consciousness Lower Mind Intelligence Air Touch Separated Chit Fire Form Water Taste Earth Smell tamas rajas sattva tamas+rajas Rajjas+sattva Placement of Ego?Body and Mind 1-7 years 7-14 14-21 21-28 28-35 yearsgrowth pattern Gross Subtle Effect Realization Cause Science Astrology Material Manifestation Spirit 37 Inertness Consciousness
MindBody and Separated Consciousness are two complimentary (not opposite) ends,and mind lies in between. Body and Separated Consciousness is governed bytamas and sattva respectively. Grip of law of karma is stronger on tamas andweak on sattva.Ego can be placed at either end. A materialistic and spiritual person will keep hisego at body and chitta (and Beyond) respectively. While doing a creative(scientists and artists) activity, ones ego is at chitta. But it’s different fromspiritualism because still the energy is being used on external material world.Energy has a tendency to drain out through five senses. If we try to block out onechannel, water flows to rest of the available channels. That’s why blind peoplepossesses extra-ordinary smelling and hearing powers. Ever since only a smallpercentage of mind is used on the external material world and therefore mind hasbecome atrophied.Mind is thought, and thought is time. No thought means no-mind and thustimelessness, which leads to an experience beyond five senses. For exampledeep sleep experience is without mind and senses.From spiritual perspective, spiritualism is rational teaching to an irrational mind.Our knowledge (base of the logic) is based upon five imperfect senses andrelativity. Thus spiritualism is beyond five senses and logic. 38
MindDefects of mind are –1. Impurities : Removed by self-less service, kindness and mantara.2. Distraction : Distractions are of following four types, and can be 3D controlled by surrender (upAsanA) and yogA – a. Mad or distracted (kSipta), scattered in 3D. with human Achieved efforts b. Foolish or dull (mUdh), scattered in 2D. c. Contemplative or less distracted (vikSipta), line. 2D d. Concentrated (ekAgra), pointed on a dot. e. Absorbed (niruddha), such as vacuum and emptiness.3. Veil of ignorance : Ignorance can be removed by study veda and Line Self. Regulated texts of vedAnta (essence of veda) are UpaniShad (YrutI), brahmansUtra (nyaya) and bhagavad gItA (samritI). vedAntic contemplation is threefold – a. Listen from sad-gUrU (Yravana). Dot b. Meditate on Yravana (manann). c. Practice on manann (nidhyAsana) : Theory is meant to be practiced. And finally, practice too automatically gets dropped and it starts happening automatically. Vacuum 39
MindWhat are veda? Truth was directly revealed to ancient Sages and Sears in theirdeep meditation. Since then this wisdom of Truth was passed on verbally fromgUrU to YhiYhyA (disciple).In that yuga (era), people were highly spiritual and thus were able to retain thiscomplex wisdom. At the beginning ofKkali-yuga (name of an era), about 5,099years ago (at the time of mAhAbhArta), keeping in view the future decline in thespirituality and limitation of human mind in the next yuga (era), great Sages,bagwAna vyAsa, created physical books, which are known as veda. vedAnticliterature is the most ancient writings in the world and consists of – 1. YrutI (heard) : YrutI are primary scripture and considered to be the divine in origin. Now YrutI scriptures include four veda (rig, yajura, sAma and atharva) and each veda consists of three main parts - a. Philosophical sections, considered as “Head” of veda and also known as UpaniShad (jJAna kAnda). b. Considered as “Heart” of veda (upAsanA kAnda). c. Deals with actions and known as “Legs” of veda (karma kAnda). Rituals belong to this portion of veda. Legs without head and heart becomes meaningless. 2. samritI (remembered) : samritI is of human origin and were written to explain the coded YrutI. samritI represents the portion of the veda 40 that was authored by various Sages and Seers.
Mind brahmansUtra (nyaya) gives resolution to the apparently conflicting statements in UpaniShad and bhagavad gItA. bhagavad gItA is cream of veda and tells us – 1. Energy of equanimity. 2. Wisdom of non-doer ship. 3. Natural functioning of guNa. 4. Sacrifice all motives. 41
MindConflict between being and becoming – Past Present Future 1. Past is domain of mind. Being 2. Present is the point of existence and life. Becoming Be in the present activity (i.e. Point of mindfulness) and don’t let the existence mind flip around in past and future. Past and future are false and are extended present only. Objective is not to enjoy the Observe yourself and control present activity, but to train the following six demons – mind to live in present, which 1. Passion (kAma). can be helpful in Meditation. 2. Anger (krodha). 3. Future is domain of mind. 3. Greed (lobha). 4. Confusion (Moh). 5. Pride (moha). 42 6. Jealousy (mAtsarya).
MindWhile morphing the mind (from tamas to The correct hierarchy can berajas, rajas to sattva and sattva to explained by Chariot’s analogy-guNatIta), yogi’s mind (sAdhaka), object of 1. Objects are grass.achievement (sAdhaya) and methodology(sAdhana) appear to be the same, but they 2. Body is Chariot.are not. Subject and object are twodifferent things, and thus mind cannot 3. Five senses are horseschange itself. Entity who is witnessing attached to the Chariot.(Yakshi) mind, is the Separated 4. Separated Consciousness isConciseness. the Charioteer (controller). 4 5. Mind acts as reins. guNatIta 6. Cosmic Consciousness is the aim. 3 sattva Human efforts 1 2 43 tamas rajas
Subtle Energy Points1. sahasrAra is located 4. anAhata is located at crown of the head in heart. Its and represents represented by Cosmic lotus with 12 petals. Consciousness. Its Its element is Air. represented by lotus Focus of bhakti with 1000 petals. (surrender) yogA. Focus of jJAna 5. maNipUraka is yogA. located at navel. Its2. AjJA is located at represented by 3rd eye (between lotus with 10 petals. the eyebrows). It Its element is Fire. controls nervous Focus of karam system. Its (action) yogA. represented by lotus 6. svAdhiSTAna is with 2 petals. Focus located at of rAja yogA. reproductive3. viYuddhi is located organs. Its on throat. Its represented by represented by lotus lotus with 6 petals. with 16 petals. Its Its element is 44 element is Space. Water.
Subtle Energy Points7. mUlAdhAra is located at perineum i.e. between Anus and Genital organ. Its represented by lotus with 4 petals. Its element is Earth. kuNDalini, three and a half coiled up subtle dormant energy resides at mUlAdhAra.Vibrations of AuM starts at mUlAdhAra and goes up to sahasrAra chakra. prANaflows through the subtle energy channels (nAdI). Three main subtle energychannels are – 1. piGgalA : Exhales and brings prANa down. Its attributes are Rajjas, Sun, hot, negative and mantra is raM. 2. idA : Inhales and brings prANa up. Its attributes are tamas, Moon, cold, positive and mantra is huM. 3. suSumnA : For common man it is inactive. Its attributes are sattva. To awaken the dormant kuNDalini, yogi establish prANa in suSumnA.kuNDalini at mUlAdhAra awakens and goes up through major subtle energychannel (suSumnA) and unites with Consciousness in sahasrAra chakra i.e.localized divine Energy (Yakti) unites with Source of Energy (Yiva). Thishappening reveals knowledge by knowing which all knowledge becomes known. 45
Subtle Energy Points sahasrAra AjJA viYuddhi anAhata suSumnA maNipUraka idA svAdhiSTAna piGgalA mUlAdhAra kuNDalini 46
Subtle Energy PointsSeven Worlds (loka) are – satyaloka 1. satyaloka. 2. tapoloka. tapoloka 3. janaloka. janaloka 4. mahAloka, which is also known as 10th door (AuM). 5. suvarloka. mahAloka 6. bhuvarloka. 7. bhUloka is gross material body, which contains seven suvarloka subtle energy centers. bhuvarloka bhUloka 47
MethodologyThere are four paths to realize Cosmic Consciousness and they go hand in handand can be followed simultaneously -1. Wisdom (jJAna) yogA : Gain wisdom and realize Cosmic Consciousness. Wisdom yogA is two folds – a. Indirect wisdom from outside (parokSa) such as understanding the theory of H2O at intellectual level. b. Direct intuitive experience from inside (AparokSa) such as drinking water and experiencing it directly. This gets embedded in our saMskAra.2. Surrender (bhakti) yogA : When total surrender (not devotion, but unity) happens and one looses his own existence to the Cosmic Consciousness. For example when a mother is cooking food, she always has her children in the background. This state is called bhAva, in which mother looses her existence in her child. Mothers love for her children is from her heart (which is illogical) and not from mind (which is logical). Mother will even risk her own life to save her child.3. Action (karma) yogA : Serve others, assuming others as Cosmic Consciousness, without getting attached to the results.4. Royal (rAja) yogA : Physic path, which gives power to fry the seeds of accumulated past subtle impressions. Fried seeds can never become a tree 48 and bear fruits.
MethodologyFour main goals of the life – 1. Liberation (mokSa) is self-realization and re-unification. 2. Religion (dharma) is the rightful duty. 3. Meaning (artha) is the rightful way to attain material wealth. 4. Work (karma) is the rightful way to desire.Why do we need yogA – 1. To have positive attitude and better health. 2. To have happiness, peace and bliss. 3. To be more creative and productive. 4. To reduce dependencies. 5. To increase acceptance. 6. To cultivate Universal love and harmony. 7. To gain higher wisdom. 8. To realize the physic abilities (for spiritual practice only). 49 9. To realize of Self and re-unite with Cosmic Consciousness.
MethodologyyogA sUtra of pataJjali (also known as aSHAGga yogA or rAja yogA) is divinescience of mind based upon sound philosophy and deep psychology. Content are– 1. 1st Chapter is known as samAdhi (solution) pAda (step) has 51 sUtra i.e. verses containing clues to higher subtle wisdom. 2. 2nd Chapter is known as sAdhana (spiritual practice) pAda has 55 verses. 3. 3rd Chapter is known as vibUti (sacred ashes, the outcome) pAda has 55 verses. 4. 4th Chapter is known as kaivalya (final stage, Liberation) pAda has 34 verses.Delicate plant of spirituality corresponds to samAdhi . sAdhana acts as a fenceand comes after samAdhi. vibUti is the fruit of the plant of spirituality and kaivalyarepresents the final enjoyment of the taste of fruit.Why yogA sUtra of pataJjali ? 1. Practical. 2. Authentic. 3. Scientific. 4. Well defined and compact. 5. Independent of religion. 50 6. Generic and Universally acceptable.
MethodologyEight limbs of yogA sUtra of pataJjali are – 1. Behavioral regulations (yama). 2. Ethical recommendations (niyama). 3. Posture is sitting in stillness (Asana). 4. Breath regulation (prANayAm). 5. Detachment and non-ownership (pratyAhAra). 6. Glimpses of universal intelligence (dhAranA). samyama 7. Meditation without mental activity (dhyAna). 8. Absorption, established in equanimity, neither intoxicated nor comatose, but in a state that is immune from mental problems (samAdhi = samAdhana i.e. solution).yama, niyama, Asana and prANayAm automatically leads to pratyAhAra,dhAranA, dhyAna and samAdhi. Never ignore yama and niyama, as they are thefundamental base and creates conducive environment for absorption (samAdhiand not meditation) to happen. As sleep, absorption also happens, and is notresult of any direct physical and mental effort. It’s like the way an environment iscreated to induce sleep and then finally one automatically glides into sleep. Mind 51made still in not still-mind.
MethodologyA. Behavioural regulations (yama) – 1. Truthfulness (satya). 2. No over-indulgence or addiction (asteya). 3. No acquisitiveness or stealing (aparigraha). 4. No malice or animosity, i.e. non-violence (ahiMsA). 5. No sensual or sexual misconduct (brahmAcaryA).B. Ethical recommendations (niyama) – 1. Cleanliness (Yauca). 2. Contentment (saNtoSa). 3. Restraint or austerity (tapa or dama). kiryA yogA 4. Giving up borrowed knowledge in order to be open to knowing the ego-self (svAdhyAya or dAna). 5. The perception of wholeness or compassion for all (ðYvara pranidhAna or dayA). 52
MethodologyPosture is sitting in stillness (Asana) -1. Use same separate isolated personal room or corner. With time, the place will develop it’s own divine vibrations.2. Use non-conductor woolen and grass mat, which will prevent the draining out of the generated energy.3. Junction (sandhi) of night and day and vice versa is the best time to practice meditation. At junction time, it’s neither day nor night and duality is weak. It is the time when major subtle energy channel (suSumnA) is open and both nostrils are working simultaneously.4. Sit facing towards either North or East or North East, so that body’s bio-magnetic field is in sync with the 53 Universal magnetism.
Methodology5. Any comfortable posture with erect spine such as padamAsana (Lotus pose) or sidhAsana can be used. padamAsana is the most comfortable pose to practice meditation. Benefits of padamAsana are - a. Cross legged position diverts the blood flow in the upper half of body, where subtle energy points are located. b. Hand on the knees ensures that spine is perpendicular to the floor and not tilted forward, backward or sideways. c. Spine is erect and perineum (center of gravity) touches the ground. Erect spine ensures that all the internal organs/muscles are relaxed and not exerting pressure on each other. d. Most stable, comfortable and safe sitting posture. 54
MethodologyprANa is an energy, which creates thought ripples in the lake of mind. Bycontrolling prANa, we can control the thought ripples in the lake of mind i.e. thelinked thought process. prANa is subtle energy generated by food (intake throughfive senses). sattva food (simple food without liquor, meat, eggs, onion and garlicetc.) will generate sattva thought and mind.prANayAm is a switch from external (gross) to internal (subtle) body. A completebreath cycle consist of -1. Inhale (pUraka) a. Fill in the abdomen by budging out diaphragm. b. Fill in middle lungs by expanding rib cage. c. Fill in upper lungs by lifting the shoulders up.2. Internal Hold (kuMbhaka). a3. Exhale (rechaka). b a. Empty your abdomen by pushing diaphragm in. b. Empty lungs by collapsing the rib cage. c c. Empty upper lungs by dropping the shoulders.4. External Hold (kuMbhaka). 55Inhale:Hold:Exhale ratio should be 1:2:4.
MethodologyPurification of subtle energy channels (nAdIshudhi) by controlling prANa – 1. Close your right nostril with right hand’s thumb and inhale from left nostril. 2. Close your left nostril with ring finger and exhale from right nostril. 3. Close your right nostril with right hand’s thumb and inhale from right nostril. 4. Close your left nostril with ring finger and exhale from left nostril.There are various techniques to reduce the oscillation of the mind - 1. Witness your natural inhalation and exhalation, or gap and flip between inhalation and exhalation. 2. Alternatively, let the thoughts flow and let the Self be a witness, as if you are standing on a crossing and witnessing (not moving along with the traffic) the movement of thought traffic. Don’t fight with the thoughts. Accept all noises and bodily distractions around you. 3. Or observe the gap between thoughts. 4. Or fix your mind on a divine object, symbol or an idea. 56
MethodologyWhile chanting AuM (~) soundvibrations starts at mUlAdhAra andgoes up to sahasrAra chakra.Do complete inhalation as describedin previous slides and while exhalation mA-kArAchant A-kArA, U-kArA and mA-kArAfrom abdomen, middle lungs andupper lungs respectively. At the end ofmA-kArA, this leads to natural externalhold. U-kArADuration of mA-kArA should be triplethen the sound of A-kArA and U-kArA. A-kArA 57
MethodologyAbsorption (samAdhi) is naturalstate of mind with no mind, withoutany duality, where object ofexperience, experience and who isexperiencing becomes one. Thisabsorption is different from sleep,deep sleep, self-hypnotism,hypnotism, relaxation,concentration, meditation,hallucination and comma etc.What happens in absorption cannot be explained, because it is anexperience beyond five senses. Itis like explaining a color to aperson, who is blind from birth.But we get a flash of absorptionwhen we observe a child who istotally engrossed with his toys andlooses the concept of time, spaceand unit. 58
MethodologySpiritual practice (sAdhana) is fourfold sat-chitta-Ananda attitude –1. Discrimination (viveka) used 1. sat : Pure living through AtithI between real and unreal or good bhAva. That is to live with an from bad. attitude of a guest. No body is a2. Dispassion (vairAgya) from unreal permanent resident of this world. and bad. A guest lives without attachment,3. Six virtues (Sadasamapati) – but with all sense of proportion. a. Tranquility of mind (sAma). b. Self-restraint or control of the 2. chitta : Pure consciousness senses (dAma). through Yakshi bhAva. That is to c. Cessation from worldly activity exist as an witness, without (upArati). choice, without converting the d. Fortitude or power of endurance consciousness into a (titikSa). battleground of competing e. Deep illogical conviction in thoughts. An awareness in which Cosmic Consciousness, sad- equanimity is never compromised. gUrU, Scriptures & Self 3. Ananda : Pure joy (not pleasure) (YraddhA). through samApti bhAva. That is to f. Concentration or one-pointed- have the emphasis on ending and ness of mind (samAdhana). not get caught into the trap of the4. Yearning for liberation 59 cultivation of opposites. (mumuSutva).
Religion and SpiritualityPearls of wisdom have been integrated in the thread of stories. For a child(beginner in spiritualism) it is always easy to understand and retain the moral(wisdom) through interesting stories.Various Gods and Goddesses in Indian religion are symbolic to one CosmicConsciousness. Its the way various maps are used to understand the differentparts of one World or different books by different authors on the same subject.For example, Yhivalinga represents four level of orgasms i.e. creation - 1. At physical level, union between male and female. 2. In meditation, when mind penetrates the third-eye and bliss is released. 3. At the time of death, when Separated Consciousness unites with Cosmic Consciousness and body gets released. 4. Creation of this creation. 60
Religion and SpiritualityReligion is a cup through which one canenjoy the tea of spirituality. Content aremore important than container. Peoplewho are obsessed with container(religion) becomes ignorant and fanatic.Ignorance creates duality whereaswisdom creates unity.Concepts and logics are created bymischievous mind. Any mental concept(pseudo religions), which creates divisionor structure, is an idea against spirituality.In fact, road of spirituality starts, wherereligion ends.Different religions are like different roads, leading to the same Truth. In the initialstages, religion can help us to understand Cosmic Consciousness, the way astroller helps a kid to learn walking.The delicate plant of spirituality can be fenced by religion, which enables the plantto withstand with harsh weather of materialism. Fence without plant ismeaningless. 61
Religion and SpiritualityRituals too have deep hidden meaning. For example, in Indian culture, whilemeeting one greets other person in the following manner - 1. Join both palms and collapse ten fingers in front of your heart : Collapsing of ten fingers represents collapsing of ten Indriya (five organs of knowledge and five organs of action). This represents that may our relation be through our hearts (which is illogical) and not through our mischievous minds (which works on logic). 2. Close eyes : Meditate on the other person treating him as fraction of Cosmic Consciousness. 3. Nodding the head : Mental prostration and negating our Ego in front of other person. 4. Speak namaste : Negating one-self, where “I” becomes “You”, and “You” 62 becomes “I”.
Religion and Spiritualitysad-gUrU’s blessings are must to attain a meaningful level in spirituality. sad-gUrU can only show us the seed of spirituality. One has to sow the seed andcultivate the plant of spirituality by one’s own efforts. At a higher spiritual level,sad-gUrU is Cosmic Consciousnesss energy getting manifested for you throughvarious mediums.veda are generic spiritual wisdom and completesubject in itself and not like one chapter in any otherreligion. veda tells us that the main purpose of thismaterial world is to purify the SeparatedConsciousness and finally attain mokSa i.e. liberationfrom the cycle of death and birth, and re-unite withCosmic Consciousness.Swami Vivekananda says, “Each Soul is potentiallydivine. The goal is to manifest this divine within, bycontrolling nature, external and internal. Do it eitherby work, or worship, or psychic control, or philosophy– by one or more, or all of these – and be free. This isthe whole of religion. Doctrines, or dogma, or rituals,or books, or temples, or forms, are but secondary 63details”.
Six Verses to Liberation1. I am not the mind or the intelligence. Nor am I the thought or the ego. Neither am I the ear, the tongue, the nose; I am not the space; neither fire nor wind am I; I am Bliss- Consciousness – “That” am I, and I am “That”.2. I am no breath, nor the Five-fold subtle life force (prANa, apAna, vayAna, udAna and samAna), nor the Seven-fold material (chyle, blood, flesh, fat, bone, marrow and semen), nor the five organs; I am not speech, nor hands, nor feet am I. I am Bliss- Consciousness - “That” am I, and I am “That”.3. I know no aversion, nor any attachment; I covet not, nor does illusion shroud my eyes; I have no pride, nor the touch of envy; neither duty nor selfish purpose have I; neither desire, nor freedom; I am Bliss- Consciousness - “That” am I, and I am “That”.4. I have transcended virtue and sin, pleasure and pain; also chants or sacred places, veda or sacrifices. I am neither the enjoyer (subject), nor the enjoyer (object), nor the enjoyment (experience or action). I am Bliss- Consciousness - “That” am I, and I am “That”.5. Death cannot claim me, nor fear ever shake my calm; I know not division of caste; I have no father, no mother even, no brother, no friend, no teacher, no pupil; nor am I born. I am Bliss- Consciousness - “That” am I, and I am “That”.6. I am Changeless, Formless, Omnipresent, All-pervading, and the Lord of all senses. I am always equianimous. For me there is neither liberation nor bondage; for I am Bliss- Consciousness - “That” am I, and I am “That”. 64 AuM tat sat