Boys Fall Behind Kevin 2006


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Boys Fall Behind Kevin 2006

  1. 1. Why are Boys Falling Behind in Reading? Kevin B.
  2. 2. Facts at My School <ul><li>Out of 60 school-wide IEP students, 41 are boys and 19 are girls </li></ul><ul><li>Out of 57 school-wide Title I Reading Program participants 38 are boys and 19 are girls </li></ul>
  3. 3. What Studies Have Found <ul><li>A 2002 study in Kentucky by Beverly Klecker showed that 55% of tenth grade boys passed a reading/writing test, while 70% of the girls passed </li></ul><ul><li>The same study showed that girls consistently outperformed the boys from fourth grade right up to twelfth grade </li></ul><ul><li>A study by Nathlie Badian showed that in reading tests from first through eighth grade, boys were outperformed in every grade </li></ul><ul><li>Boys have a higher incidence of neurodevelopmental disorders such as ADHD, autism, etc. and are 2 to 3 times more likely to be affected than girls </li></ul>
  4. 4. Physical Differences from Girls <ul><li>Boys’ brains develop more slowly </li></ul><ul><li>Testosterone slows brain growth, whereas estrogen stimulates brain growth </li></ul><ul><li>Poor connections between right/left side of brain </li></ul><ul><li>Less connections between brain halves (to the language left half) </li></ul><ul><li>Growth spurts may make them restless and disorganized </li></ul><ul><li>Growth spurts can cause temporary hearing loss </li></ul><ul><li>6 to 12 months less developed mentally than girls </li></ul>
  5. 5. Environmental Differences from Girls <ul><li>Are more prone to separation anxiety </li></ul><ul><li>Fewer positive male role models/Lack of fathering </li></ul><ul><li>Less early reading emphasis with boys </li></ul><ul><li>Mothers are 10 times more likely to read than fathers </li></ul><ul><li>Non-fiction as reading often not emphasized or promoted in school </li></ul><ul><li>They simply read less </li></ul>
  6. 6. Reasons Boys Give For Not Reading <ul><li>Boring/No fun </li></ul><ul><li>No time/Too busy </li></ul><ul><li>Like other activities better </li></ul><ul><li>Can’t get into it </li></ul><ul><li>No good at it </li></ul>
  7. 7. Boys and Reading <ul><li>High interest genres include: adventure, sports, fantasy, series, informational texts, magazines, newspapers </li></ul><ul><li>High interest reading activities include: read alouds, acting, drawing, storytelling, writing, book talks with non-fiction </li></ul>
  8. 8. Possible Solutions <ul><li>Promote non-fiction reading </li></ul><ul><li>Start a Guys Reading Program </li></ul><ul><li>Recruit boys to work in the library </li></ul><ul><li>Provide male reading role models </li></ul><ul><li>Stock library with non-fiction, informational texts, periodicals, and other high interest genres </li></ul><ul><li>Provide shorter time spans for learning activities and allow for independent work </li></ul><ul><li>Find lists of books for boys </li></ul><ul><li>Start boys in school a year later than girls? </li></ul>
  9. 9. Bibliography <ul><li>Badian, Nathlie A., “Reading disability defined as a discrepancy between listening and reading comprehension: A study of stability, gender differences, and prevalence”, Journal of Learning Disabilities , Mar/Apr 1999, Vol. 32, Iss. 2, pp. 138-149 </li></ul><ul><li>Biddulph, Steve, Raising Boys , Celestial Arts, 1998 </li></ul><ul><li>Fisher, Helen, “Achieving the best: Gender and the literacy hour”, British Journal of Special Education , March 2001, Vol.28, No.1, pp. 30-34 </li></ul><ul><li>Klecker, Beverly M., “The gender gap in NAEP fourth, eighth, and twelfth grade reading scores across years”’ Presented at annual meeting of Midwestern Association of Educational Research, Columbus, OH, Oct. 15, 2005 </li></ul><ul><li>Liederman, Jacqueline, Lore Kantrowitz, Kathleen Flannery, “Male vulnerability to reading disability is not likely to be a myth: A call for new data”, Journal of Learning Disabilities , Vol. 38, No. 2, Mar/Apr 2005, pp. 109-129 </li></ul><ul><li>McFann, Jane, “Boys and Books”, Reading Today , Aug/Sep 2004, Vol. 22, Iss. 1, pp. 20-21 </li></ul><ul><li>Siegal, Linda S., Smthe, Ian S., “Reflections on reading disability with special attention to gender issues”, Journal of Learning Disabilities , Sep/Oct 2005, Vol. 38, No. 5, pp. 473-477 </li></ul><ul><li>Sullivan, Michael, “Why Can’t Johnny Read?”, School Library Journal , Aug 2004, pp. 36-39 </li></ul><ul><li>Welldon, Christine, “Addressing the Gender Gap in Boys’ Reading”, Teacher Librarian , Apr 2005, Vol. 32, No. 4, pp. 44 </li></ul>
  10. 10. The End