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It’s not what he eats, you know? David Watson BVetMed MA MRCVS Editor,  vetpulse.tv & VNJ
Where emotion meets fact <ul><li>Is he?! </li></ul><ul><li>It’s not what he eats you know! </li></ul><ul><li>Ignorance, no...
Rusty <ul><li>12 y.o. </li></ul><ul><li>74.2kg </li></ul><ul><li>RSPCA cruelty case </li></ul><ul><li>“ unnecessary suffer...
Human medicine <ul><li>Mayo Clinic, Rochester, US </li></ul><ul><li>Only 1 in 5 ‘charted’ as obese </li></ul><ul><li>2,500...
Veterinary medicine <ul><li>UK </li></ul><ul><li>Vets’ excuses </li></ul><ul><ul><li>owners were overweight </li></ul></ul...
Who initiates discussion? Hill’s US Study - 2006 Cat owners Dog owners
Client Excuses - 1 <ul><li>Want to feel happy when feeding their pets  </li></ul><ul><li>Denying their pet something it wa...
Client excuses - 2 <ul><li>Losing weight - slow and frustrating process  </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>49% of cat owners <...
Question of calories <ul><li>Energy is the key </li></ul><ul><li>Metabolisable energy (ME) </li></ul><ul><li>Controls food...
Three sources  <ul><li>Carbohydrates </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>monosaccharides & disaccharides </li></ul></ul></ul></u...
Energy requirements <ul><li>Body size </li></ul><ul><li>Life stage </li></ul>
Age to maturity <ul><li>2 years </li></ul>8-10 months
Energy requirements <ul><li>Life style </li></ul><ul><li>Environmental factors </li></ul><ul><li>Individual variation </li...
Question of balance <ul><li>Obesity = Energy in, exceeds energy needed </li></ul><ul><li>Extra calories stored as fat </li...
Action <ul><li>Reduce energy intake </li></ul><ul><li>Keep other nutrient intake balanced to calories </li></ul><ul><li>Ta...
Practical approach <ul><li>Weigh & set initial target (15% of now) </li></ul><ul><li>Feed 60% calculated amount at target ...
Appetite management <ul><li>Prescription diets </li></ul><ul><ul><li>high moisture </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>high fibre <...
Exercise & lifestyle <ul><li>Regular, graded exercise </li></ul><ul><li>SHARED plans (e.g.PPET) </li></ul><ul><li>Combine ...
They <ul><li>“ They should do something about it.” </li></ul><ul><li>roads </li></ul><ul><li>education system </li></ul><u...
They are… <ul><li>Pet owner </li></ul><ul><li>Vet </li></ul><ul><li>Vet nurse </li></ul><ul><li>Pet food companies </li></...
Pet owners <ul><li>Recognise and own the problem </li></ul><ul><li>Separate affection from feeding </li></ul><ul><li>Under...
Vets <ul><li>Ethical & moral obligation </li></ul><ul><li>Animal advocates </li></ul><ul><li>Legal liability? </li></ul><u...
Vet nurses <ul><li>Closer & better communicators </li></ul><ul><li>Trust </li></ul><ul><li>Chance to ‘own’ preventive heal...
Pet food & Pharma companies <ul><li>Prescription diets </li></ul><ul><li>Palatability in perspective </li></ul><ul><li>Mor...
Media <ul><li>Stop glorifying the grotesque </li></ul><ul><li>Cross links with human obesity stories </li></ul><ul><li>Sha...
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Pet Nutrition and Obesity - David Watson, Vetpulse.tv

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David Watson of vetpulse.tv explains the importance of keeping a pet's weight down, and how the veterinary community and the owners can work together to improve the health and lifespan of overweight animals.

For more presentations from the International Companion Animal Welfare Conference and information on attending, visit www.icawc.org

Published in: Lifestyle, Health & Medicine
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Pet Nutrition and Obesity - David Watson, Vetpulse.tv

  1. 1. It’s not what he eats, you know? David Watson BVetMed MA MRCVS Editor, vetpulse.tv & VNJ
  2. 2. Where emotion meets fact <ul><li>Is he?! </li></ul><ul><li>It’s not what he eats you know! </li></ul><ul><li>Ignorance, not intention </li></ul><ul><li>Profound reflection of ‘the bond’ </li></ul>
  3. 3. Rusty <ul><li>12 y.o. </li></ul><ul><li>74.2kg </li></ul><ul><li>RSPCA cruelty case </li></ul><ul><li>“ unnecessary suffering caused by obesity” </li></ul>Just who was responsible?
  4. 4. Human medicine <ul><li>Mayo Clinic, Rochester, US </li></ul><ul><li>Only 1 in 5 ‘charted’ as obese </li></ul><ul><li>2,500 obese patients for check up, but most no weight loss plan </li></ul><ul><li>Doctors’ excuses </li></ul><ul><ul><li>patient in denial </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>embarrassed </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>time constraints </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>lack of relationship </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. Veterinary medicine <ul><li>UK </li></ul><ul><li>Vets’ excuses </li></ul><ul><ul><li>owners were overweight </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>preferred to talk to dog </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>job for nurses </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>no other clinical signs </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>no time to talk about weight </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. Who initiates discussion? Hill’s US Study - 2006 Cat owners Dog owners
  7. 7. Client Excuses - 1 <ul><li>Want to feel happy when feeding their pets </li></ul><ul><li>Denying their pet something it wants </li></ul><ul><li>Old habits are hard to break </li></ul><ul><li>Difficult - busy lifestyle and schedules </li></ul>Hill’s US Weight Studies - 2002
  8. 8. Client excuses - 2 <ul><li>Losing weight - slow and frustrating process </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>49% of cat owners </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>26% of dog owners found no success in changing their food </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>No time for exercise and other non-dietary stuff </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Didn’t realise how serious it was </li></ul></ul>
  9. 9. Question of calories <ul><li>Energy is the key </li></ul><ul><li>Metabolisable energy (ME) </li></ul><ul><li>Controls food intake </li></ul><ul><li>All other nutritional components must be balanced to it </li></ul>
  10. 10. Three sources <ul><li>Carbohydrates </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>monosaccharides & disaccharides </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>polysaccharides (starch) </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>fibre (cellulose, beet pulp) </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Fats </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>twice as much energy </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>highly palatable </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Proteins </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>inefficient source </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>muscle breakdown </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  11. 11. Energy requirements <ul><li>Body size </li></ul><ul><li>Life stage </li></ul>
  12. 12. Age to maturity <ul><li>2 years </li></ul>8-10 months
  13. 13. Energy requirements <ul><li>Life style </li></ul><ul><li>Environmental factors </li></ul><ul><li>Individual variation </li></ul>
  14. 14. Question of balance <ul><li>Obesity = Energy in, exceeds energy needed </li></ul><ul><li>Extra calories stored as fat </li></ul><ul><li>Serious consequences </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>arthritis </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>heart disease </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>diabetes </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>liver dysfunction </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>reduced resistance to disease </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>reduced life expectancy </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  15. 15. Action <ul><li>Reduce energy intake </li></ul><ul><li>Keep other nutrient intake balanced to calories </li></ul><ul><li>Take time to explain </li></ul><ul><li>Be positive </li></ul><ul><li>Aim for success </li></ul>
  16. 16. Practical approach <ul><li>Weigh & set initial target (15% of now) </li></ul><ul><li>Feed 60% calculated amount at target </li></ul><ul><li>Weekly weigh-ins </li></ul><ul><li>Plot progress (if none, reduce food 20%) </li></ul><ul><li>No tit bits, snacks or treats </li></ul><ul><li>Everyone involved </li></ul>
  17. 17. Appetite management <ul><li>Prescription diets </li></ul><ul><ul><li>high moisture </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>high fibre </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Metabolic diversion </li></ul><ul><ul><li>low fat </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>L-carnitine </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Slentrol (dirlotapide) reduces absorption & distribution of fat </li></ul><ul><li>Yarvitan (mitratapide) suppresses appetite </li></ul>
  18. 18. Exercise & lifestyle <ul><li>Regular, graded exercise </li></ul><ul><li>SHARED plans (e.g.PPET) </li></ul><ul><li>Combine with physiotherapy </li></ul><ul><li>Clinics </li></ul>
  19. 19. They <ul><li>“ They should do something about it.” </li></ul><ul><li>roads </li></ul><ul><li>education system </li></ul><ul><li>economy </li></ul>But who are they ? the weather OBESITY
  20. 20. They are… <ul><li>Pet owner </li></ul><ul><li>Vet </li></ul><ul><li>Vet nurse </li></ul><ul><li>Pet food companies </li></ul><ul><li>Media </li></ul>Education, Education, Education
  21. 21. Pet owners <ul><li>Recognise and own the problem </li></ul><ul><li>Separate affection from feeding </li></ul><ul><li>Understand there is no magic bullet </li></ul><ul><li>Professional support </li></ul><ul><li>Shared exercise and healthy eating </li></ul><ul><li>Licensing? </li></ul>
  22. 22. Vets <ul><li>Ethical & moral obligation </li></ul><ul><li>Animal advocates </li></ul><ul><li>Legal liability? </li></ul><ul><li>Routine part of every consult </li></ul><ul><li>Compliance strategies </li></ul><ul><li>Empower nurses </li></ul>
  23. 23. Vet nurses <ul><li>Closer & better communicators </li></ul><ul><li>Trust </li></ul><ul><li>Chance to ‘own’ preventive healthcare </li></ul><ul><li>Nurse clinics </li></ul><ul><li>Explain behaviours </li></ul><ul><li>Weight and body condition score </li></ul><ul><li>Diary </li></ul>
  24. 24. Pet food & Pharma companies <ul><li>Prescription diets </li></ul><ul><li>Palatability in perspective </li></ul><ul><li>More on-pack education </li></ul><ul><li>Wider dissemination of educational material </li></ul><ul><li>PFMA Pet Size O-Meter (www.pfma.org.uk) </li></ul>
  25. 25. Media <ul><li>Stop glorifying the grotesque </li></ul><ul><li>Cross links with human obesity stories </li></ul><ul><li>Shared platforms with Weightwatchers </li></ul><ul><li>Focus on health benefits </li></ul><ul><li>Encourage pet/owner exercise </li></ul>
  26. 26. Thank you

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