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Nathalie Klinge

Barcelona October 15th 2013
•
•
•
•
•
•

problem analyses
terminology
influences on dog populations
failing policies
the solution
“selling” the soluti...
Problem analyses
Practical

Moral

• road accidents
• nuisance (noise and
faeces)
• zoonoses
• injuries and fear by
aggres...
Terminology
classification of dog

restriction dependency reproduction survival
rate
rate

1 free roaming dog with owner

...
Terminology
• (stray dog) ecology:
science and part of biology
• population ecology:
study of dynamics of
species populati...
Influences on dog
populations
•
•
•
•

carrying capacity
human population
climate
diseases
Carrying capacity
• death rate and birth rate become
equal
• upper limit at which population
growth levels off
• availabil...
Carrying capacity
(Un)natural death
Birth

Migration
Carrying capacity
(Un)natural death
Birth

International
adoption
Euthanasia
Shelter

Migration

Dumping
elsewhere
Carrying capacity
(Un)natural death
Birth

Migration
Carrying capacity
(Un)natural death
Birth

Migration
Failing policies
•
•
•
•
•

ignore
cull
catch and kill
catch and kennel
scattered neuter and return
programs
• remove food...
Catch and kill policy fails
• aimed at the wrong group of dogs
• not all dogs can be caught
• after 7 years of stringent k...
Dog population reduction if 76% killed every 6
months in Sofia with 9,000 “stray dogs”
Date killed

Total Dogs

Adults

Ad...
Censuses
Romania
Bucharest
2009

Square kilometers
513,00
Inhabitants
1.944.000,00
Numb. of free roam. dogs 100.000,00
Dog...
Catch and kill policy fails
• aimed at the wrong group of dogs
• not all dogs can be caught
• after 7 years of stringent k...
Why do (local) governments
continue to kill ?
• complaints
• jobs at stake
• afraid of changes
Bucharest
In 3 years the authorities killed
100,000
free roaming dogs

Cost: € 5 million
After 3 years number of free roam...
Catch and kennel policy fails
• aimed at the wrong group of dogs
• not all dogs can be caught
• overcrowded shelters
Catch and kennel policy fails
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•

aimed at the wrong group of dogs
not all dogs can be caught
overcrowded s...
Why do (local) governments
continue to kennel
(warehouse) dogs?
•
•
•
•
•

implementation animal welfare act
complaints
jo...
Scattered neuter and return
programs fail
• no visible reduction in number of
free roaming dogs
Why do (local) governments
and NGO’s continue scattered
n&r programs?
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•

humane
satisfying animal lovers
sat...
Effects of failing neuter and
return programs
• no evidence in practice neuter and
return works
• easy excuse for politici...
The solution
• large scale & long term neuter and
return programs (national or in 1
city)
• education
• information
• prom...
“Selling” the solution
• offering plan for n&r program
− cost analyses killing versus n&r
− population decline analyses ki...
Cost of n&r versus catch & kill
Based on average dog of 20 kg
Tranquillising
Food ( 14 days)
Food (5 days)
Euthanasia solu...
Cost of n&r versus catch & kill
•
•
•
•

vet’s salaries
other personnel salaries
fuel costs
general overheads
Are the same
Cost of n&r estimated in
Romania
•
•
•
•
•
•
•

year 1:
year 2:
year 3 + 4:
year 5:
year 6:
year 7 + 8:
year 9 + 10:

€ 1,...
Total cost for n&r in a town
with:
• 200,000 people
• 8,000 dogs
• 10 year period
€ 995,000.-
Total cost for catch & kill in
town with:
•
•
•
•

200,000 people
8,000 dogs
10 year period
catch & kill 25% of dog popula...
Total cost for catch & kill
• year 1:
€ 225,000.- *
• year 2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9,10:
€ 175,000.Total

€ 1,800,000.-

Achievement...
Thank you for your attention

Photos with the courtesy of www.HAYTAP.org
barkbark@planet.nl
ICAWC 2013 - Stray Dog Ecology Back to Basics - Nathalie Klinge
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ICAWC 2013 - Stray Dog Ecology Back to Basics - Nathalie Klinge

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ICAWC 2013 - Stray Dog Ecology Back to Basics - Nathalie Klinge

  1. 1. Nathalie Klinge Barcelona October 15th 2013
  2. 2. • • • • • • problem analyses terminology influences on dog populations failing policies the solution “selling” the solution
  3. 3. Problem analyses Practical Moral • road accidents • nuisance (noise and faeces) • zoonoses • injuries and fear by aggressive behaviour • damage to wildlife and livestock • malnutrition • diseases • injuries (road accidents and fights) • abuse by humans • cruel stray control measures • inhabitants and tourists don’t like the sight of hungry or dead dogs
  4. 4. Terminology classification of dog restriction dependency reproduction survival rate rate 1 free roaming dog with owner semi fully high high 2 abandoned dog none semi medium low 3 community dog none semi high high 4 feral dog none semi low low 5 family dog fully fully low high
  5. 5. Terminology • (stray dog) ecology: science and part of biology • population ecology: study of dynamics of species populations and interaction with the environment
  6. 6. Influences on dog populations • • • • carrying capacity human population climate diseases
  7. 7. Carrying capacity • death rate and birth rate become equal • upper limit at which population growth levels off • availability of resources Page 9 ”Guidelines for dog population management” WHO/WSPA 1990
  8. 8. Carrying capacity (Un)natural death Birth Migration
  9. 9. Carrying capacity (Un)natural death Birth International adoption Euthanasia Shelter Migration Dumping elsewhere
  10. 10. Carrying capacity (Un)natural death Birth Migration
  11. 11. Carrying capacity (Un)natural death Birth Migration
  12. 12. Failing policies • • • • • ignore cull catch and kill catch and kennel scattered neuter and return programs • remove food sources
  13. 13. Catch and kill policy fails • aimed at the wrong group of dogs • not all dogs can be caught • after 7 years of stringent killing reduction is only 32,5 % or less
  14. 14. Dog population reduction if 76% killed every 6 months in Sofia with 9,000 “stray dogs” Date killed Total Dogs Adults Adults Puppies Puppies Adults killed Before breeding Adults killed Adults killed Adults killed Surviving fertile Surviving fertile Surviving Surviving Before breeding After breeding After breeding after 38% killed Males after 38% killed Females after 38% killed Males after 38% killed Females Males Females Males Females 1-7-2010 9.000 2.441 2.441 3.027 3.027 1.496 1.496 1.496 1.496 1-1-2011 7.944 2.391 2.391 2.965 2.965 1.465 1.465 1.465 1.465 1-7-2011 7.783 2.343 2.343 2.905 2.905 1.435 1.435 1.435 1.435 1-1-2012 7.625 2.295 2.295 2.846 2.846 1.406 1.406 1.406 1.406 1-7-2012 7.470 2.248 2.248 2.788 2.788 1.377 1.377 1.377 1.377 1-1-2013 7.318 2.203 2.203 2.731 2.731 1.349 1.349 1.349 1.349 1-7-2013 7.169 2.158 2.158 2.676 2.676 1.322 1.322 1.322 1.322 1-1-2014 7.024 2.114 2.114 2.621 2.621 1.295 1.295 1.295 1.295 1-7-2014 6.881 2.071 2.071 2.568 2.568 1.269 1.269 1.269 1.269 1-1-2015 6.741 2.029 2.029 2.516 2.516 1.243 1.243 1.243 1.243 1-7-2015 6.604 1.988 1.988 2.465 2.465 1.218 1.218 1.218 1.218 1-1-2016 6.470 1.947 1.947 2.415 2.415 1.193 1.193 1.193 1.193 1-7-2016 6.338 1.908 1.908 2.366 2.366 1.169 1.169 1.169 1.169 1-1-2017 6.210 1.869 1.869 2.318 2.318 1.145 1.145 1.145 1.145 1-7-2017 6.083 1.831 1.831 2.271 2.271 1.122 1.122 1.122 1.122
  15. 15. Censuses Romania Bucharest 2009 Square kilometers 513,00 Inhabitants 1.944.000,00 Numb. of free roam. dogs 100.000,00 Dogs per square km 194,93 Dogs per inhabitant 0,05 Oradea 2003 111,00 210.000,00 7.000,00 63,06 0,03 Greece Rhodes 2007 Bulgaria Sofia 2009 19,50 1.310,00 54.000,00 1.400.000,00 566,00 9.000,00 29,03 6,87 0,01 0,006 Malta Malta & Gozo 2009 313,00 419.000,00 25.000,00 79,87 0,06
  16. 16. Catch and kill policy fails • aimed at the wrong group of dogs • not all dogs can be caught • after 7 years of stringent killing reduction is only 32,5 % or less • never ending, therefore very costly • number returns to carrying capacity • increased migration = increased nuisance and spreading of diseases • inhumane • not accepted by all citizens
  17. 17. Why do (local) governments continue to kill ? • complaints • jobs at stake • afraid of changes
  18. 18. Bucharest In 3 years the authorities killed 100,000 free roaming dogs Cost: € 5 million After 3 years number of free roaming dogs still 100,000.
  19. 19. Catch and kennel policy fails • aimed at the wrong group of dogs • not all dogs can be caught • overcrowded shelters
  20. 20. Catch and kennel policy fails • • • • • • • • • aimed at the wrong group of dogs not all dogs can be caught overcrowded shelters inhumane extremely costly corruption sensitive never ending number returns to carrying capacity increased migration = increased nuisance and increased spreading of diseases
  21. 21. Why do (local) governments continue to kennel (warehouse) dogs? • • • • • implementation animal welfare act complaints jobs at stake afraid of changes profitable
  22. 22. Scattered neuter and return programs fail • no visible reduction in number of free roaming dogs
  23. 23. Why do (local) governments and NGO’s continue scattered n&r programs? • • • • • • • • humane satisfying animal lovers satisfying part of the public lack of knowledge lack of budget implementation animal welfare act jobs at stake profitable
  24. 24. Effects of failing neuter and return programs • no evidence in practice neuter and return works • easy excuse for politicians to revert to old policies • citizens not convinced • politicians not convinced • NGO’s look incompetent • new programs hard to introduce
  25. 25. The solution • large scale & long term neuter and return programs (national or in 1 city) • education • information • promotion by government
  26. 26. “Selling” the solution • offering plan for n&r program − cost analyses killing versus n&r − population decline analyses killing versus n&r • public/private partnership
  27. 27. Cost of n&r versus catch & kill Based on average dog of 20 kg Tranquillising Food ( 14 days) Food (5 days) Euthanasia solution Incineration body Anaesthetics Collecting/catching NGO Sutures/pain relief Total excl. V.A.T. Catch & kill € 3,81 € 5,00 n&r € 1,78 € 3,47 € 10,00 € 1,01 € 23,29 € 1,01 € 0,00 € 4,17 € 6,96
  28. 28. Cost of n&r versus catch & kill • • • • vet’s salaries other personnel salaries fuel costs general overheads Are the same
  29. 29. Cost of n&r estimated in Romania • • • • • • • year 1: year 2: year 3 + 4: year 5: year 6: year 7 + 8: year 9 + 10: € 1,00 per citizen € 0,75 per citizen € 0,60 per citizen € 0,50 per citizen € 0,40 per citizen € 0,30 per citizen € 0,20 per citizen for a dog warden & rehoming service
  30. 30. Total cost for n&r in a town with: • 200,000 people • 8,000 dogs • 10 year period € 995,000.-
  31. 31. Total cost for catch & kill in town with: • • • • 200,000 people 8,000 dogs 10 year period catch & kill 25% of dog population each year
  32. 32. Total cost for catch & kill • year 1: € 225,000.- * • year 2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9,10: € 175,000.Total € 1,800,000.- Achievements: • no long term reduction • dog population is around 6,000 * Cost in 1st year higher for purchase of equipment and vehicles
  33. 33. Thank you for your attention Photos with the courtesy of www.HAYTAP.org barkbark@planet.nl

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