James Yeates

Euthanasia
2

Euthanasia

• Very important part of clinical work
• Tough decision to make
• Personal decision that you have to make
3

Lecturing on euthanasia

• Cannot tell you what to do in every
situation

• (just as for any clinical matter)
• Can giv...
4

This talk
• 3 Distinctions

• 3 Approaches to
Decision-making
5

Distinction 1: Euthanasia vs Killing
• To be euthanasia it must be
– Humane
– For the animal’s benefit
6

Distinction 2: Killing Types
Only way to

One way to

Doesn’t avoid

avoid –ve QOL

avoid –ve QOL

avoid –ve QOL

for t...
7

Distinction 3: Volition (of the owner)
• Voluntary euthanasia
– Where the owner gives valid informed consent to the kil...
8

The value of life

• 3 Approaches:
1. Life/death absolutely does matter
2. Life/death absolutely does not matter
3. Lif...
Tom Regan

Approach 1. Absolutely Matters
• An “Animal Rights” view:
– absolutely wrong to deprive of life
– Anti-experime...
10

But … Value for the animal…
A) An animal’s right is worth respecting if
and only if good for the animal

B) Life is go...
11

Approach 2. Absolutely Does Not Matter
• Classic position: death insignificant
Hence Reduction
in the 3Rs
Death is not...
But … Animal Welfare and Value of life
Welfare state

Welfare state

Welfare state C

Welfare state Z

Welfare state B

We...
13

Death deprives of welfare
• Value to animal = what it prevents
• Deprives of positive or negative QOL
• I.e. cost

or
...
14

So… Value for the animal …

• A) Causing harm is wrong
• B) To deprive of a good things is a
harm
• C) Life is a good ...
15

Decision-making – 1. Evaluation
• Death has value to the animal
– If Life worth living:
• Life = good
• Death = bad

–...
16

Decision-making – 2. constraints
• Should make best decision for the animal
within constraints

– Owner + legality (+ ...
17

THANK YOU FOR LISTENING
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in …5
×

ICAWC 2013 - Euthanasia - When is The Right Time to Say Goodbye? - James Yeates

755 views

Published on

ICAWC 2013 Barcelona, Spain - James Yeates' presentation on Euthanasia - When is The Right Time to Say Goodbye?

Published in: Lifestyle
  • Be the first to comment

ICAWC 2013 - Euthanasia - When is The Right Time to Say Goodbye? - James Yeates

  1. 1. James Yeates Euthanasia
  2. 2. 2 Euthanasia • Very important part of clinical work • Tough decision to make • Personal decision that you have to make
  3. 3. 3 Lecturing on euthanasia • Cannot tell you what to do in every situation • (just as for any clinical matter) • Can give generic guidelines and advice
  4. 4. 4 This talk • 3 Distinctions • 3 Approaches to Decision-making
  5. 5. 5 Distinction 1: Euthanasia vs Killing • To be euthanasia it must be – Humane – For the animal’s benefit
  6. 6. 6 Distinction 2: Killing Types Only way to One way to Doesn’t avoid avoid –ve QOL avoid –ve QOL avoid –ve QOL for that animal for that animal for that animal ContextuallyIdeal justified Not Euthanasia Euthanasia Euthanasia
  7. 7. 7 Distinction 3: Volition (of the owner) • Voluntary euthanasia – Where the owner gives valid informed consent to the killing – You can refuse • In-voluntary euthanasia – Against the owner’s expressed wishes – May need some defence • Non-voluntary euthanasia – When the owner’s wishes cannot be taken into account, since the owner is unknown or uncontactable – Should avoid over-defensiveness
  8. 8. 8 The value of life • 3 Approaches: 1. Life/death absolutely does matter 2. Life/death absolutely does not matter 3. Life/death matter if they matter
  9. 9. Tom Regan Approach 1. Absolutely Matters • An “Animal Rights” view: – absolutely wrong to deprive of life – Anti-experimentation, Anti-hunting, Anti-farming • Rights often linked to duties DUTIES RIGHTS
  10. 10. 10 But … Value for the animal… A) An animal’s right is worth respecting if and only if good for the animal B) Life is good for the animal if and only if it is “a life worth living” C) Killing is causing death Therefore, killing is wrong if an only if it is prevents “life worth living”
  11. 11. 11 Approach 2. Absolutely Does Not Matter • Classic position: death insignificant Hence Reduction in the 3Rs Death is not a welfare issue Hence Reduction in the 3Rs I just said that
  12. 12. But … Animal Welfare and Value of life Welfare state Welfare state Welfare state C Welfare state Z Welfare state B Welfare state Y A X Overall welfare Overall welfare Quality-of-life Life worth avoiding Life worth living
  13. 13. 13 Death deprives of welfare • Value to animal = what it prevents • Deprives of positive or negative QOL • I.e. cost or benefit
  14. 14. 14 So… Value for the animal … • A) Causing harm is wrong • B) To deprive of a good things is a harm • C) Life is a good thing if and only if it is a “life worth living” • D) Killing is causing death Therefore, killing is wrong if and only if it prevents a life worth living
  15. 15. 15 Decision-making – 1. Evaluation • Death has value to the animal – If Life worth living: • Life = good • Death = bad – If Life worth avoiding: • Life = bad • Death = good
  16. 16. 16 Decision-making – 2. constraints • Should make best decision for the animal within constraints – Owner + legality (+ effect on other animals) – Resources + effect on other animals • Using up resources on Dog A deprives other animals • Do should avoid using up “excessive” resources • This limits options for Dog A  Contextually-justified euthanasia
  17. 17. 17 THANK YOU FOR LISTENING

×