Successfully reported this slideshow.
We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. You can change your ad preferences anytime.

Animals in Captivity, Cognitive Dissonance - Steve Goward, Dogs Trust


Published on

As a Training and Behaviour Advisor who has spent several years at the UK's largest dog welfare organisation, Steve Goward has a lot to share about caring for animals in shelters. This is his presentation.

For more information see

Published in: Lifestyle, Education
  • After going through this program I feel 100 times more confident and far better about training. I have a far better understanding of behaviors and my puppy definitely seems to pick up on that confidence. This system is the best confidence booster and the best way to teach your dog. Check out the brain training for Dogs course now. ★★★
    Are you sure you want to  Yes  No
    Your message goes here

Animals in Captivity, Cognitive Dissonance - Steve Goward, Dogs Trust

  1. 1. Animals in captivity (1. Imprisoned or confined. 2 having no freedom to choose an alternative) Ref Oxford English dictionary
  2. 2. Leon Festinger
  3. 3. Cognitive Dissonance A conflict of beliefs
  4. 4. Leon Festinger 1957 <ul><li>A theory of cognitive dissonance </li></ul><ul><li>New information goes against the information we already know (ideas, attitudes, beliefs, opinions) </li></ul><ul><li>Causes conflict within </li></ul>
  5. 5. Human examples <ul><li>Sky diving </li></ul><ul><li>The eating of certain species </li></ul><ul><li>Cultural beliefs </li></ul>
  6. 7. How do we deal with Dissonance? <ul><li>Endure the conflict </li></ul><ul><li>Ignore the new information </li></ul><ul><li>Alter the dissonance </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Habituate/desensitise/countercondition </li></ul></ul>
  7. 8. Why do we need to know about it ? <ul><li>To truly understand an animals behaviour we must first look to see where they have come from; </li></ul><ul><li>Evolution </li></ul><ul><li>ESB’s </li></ul><ul><li>Priority of ethological needs </li></ul>
  8. 9. What & how do dogs eat?
  9. 10. The canine vacuum
  10. 11. Given the choice what would you choose?
  11. 12. Without any choices
  12. 13. Sleep
  13. 14. Vigilance Its hard to sleep when you’re alone.
  14. 15. What should a dog do with something on its face?
  15. 17. Freedom!
  16. 18. Reduce the freedom and there is a cost
  17. 19. A social species
  18. 20. A social species
  19. 21. So should it be a surprise to us that some dogs struggle when home alone?
  20. 23. Leaving home
  21. 24. Leaving home
  22. 25. Leaving home <ul><li>Most canid species don’t leave the pack or family group until they are at least sexually mature with most staying well into adulthood. </li></ul><ul><li>The domesticated dog would be doing very well to be with their mother until the age of 8 weeks </li></ul>
  23. 26. Caught in a trap!
  24. 28. Do dogs like water?
  25. 29. Some more than others
  26. 30. So why isn't this fun?
  27. 31. Temperature regulation
  28. 32. Temperature regulation
  29. 33. Individual preference <ul><li>Within the ethogram there are still variations in behaviour </li></ul><ul><li>Individuals choose based on previous experience and using their ESB’s </li></ul>
  30. 34. Fear response …
  31. 35. Or…
  32. 36. Or…
  33. 37. Or even …
  34. 38. How do we deal with Dissonance? <ul><li>Endure the conflict </li></ul><ul><li>Ignore the new information </li></ul><ul><li>Alter the dissonance </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Habituate/desensitise/counter condition </li></ul></ul>
  35. 39. We can make life easier for our dogs by… <ul><li>Understanding ethology </li></ul><ul><li>Recognising natural behaviours </li></ul><ul><li>Identifying individual & breed preferences </li></ul><ul><li>Habituate/desensitise/counter condition </li></ul>
  36. 40. Thank you