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Ir15 10 yrs of facebook


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Ir15 10 yrs of facebook

  1. 1. Strategies for the suspension and prevention of connection: Rendering disconnection as socioeconomic lubricant with Facebook Ben Light @doggyb Elija Cassidy
  2. 2. The Connectivity Conundrum Facebook helps you connect and share with the people in your life. Capture and Share the World's Moments Instagram is a fast, beautiful and fun way to share your life with friends and family. Welcome to LinkedIn, the world's largest professional network with 250 million members in over 200 countries and territories around the globe. Our mission is simple: connect the world's professionals to make them more productive and successful. Twitter helps you create and share ideas and information instantly, without barriers. Twitter is the best way to connect with people, express yourself and discover what's happening. YouTube allows billions of people to discover, watch and share originally-­‐ created videos. YouTube provides a forum for people to connect, inform, and inspire others across the globe and acts as a distribution platform for original content creators and advertisers large and small.
  3. 3. Reassembling Connectivity • Networked Society (Castells 1996) • Networked Individualism (Wellman 2001) • Networked Collectivitsm (Baym 2007) • Networked Publics (Ito 2007; boyd 2008) • Personal Connections in a Digital Age (Baym 2010) • Connect and Create (Light et al 2012) • Networked Masculinities (Light 2013) • The Culture of Connectivity (van Dijck 2013)
  4. 4. Resistance and Appropriation • Although social media and the networked publics they are commonly associated with, might encourage a particular line of appropriation (boyd 2008, boyd 2011), or attempt to set the tone for use (Papacharissi 2009). • It is also acknowledged that even though certain technological arrangements may seek to engage connectivity, users may not experience them as the designer envisioned (Griffiths and Light 2008, Baym 2010, Light and McGrath 2010, Cassidy 2013, van Dijck 2013, van Dijck and Poell 2013).
  5. 5. Interrogating Disconnection • encrypted pseudonyms on the French Minitel (Livia 2002) • crypto-tagging, the use of face masking techniques, and the adjustment of audience settings (Lange 2007) • discourses of digital inclusion and the digital divide (Hargittai 2007, Hargittai 2012), • a lack of interest in SNS activity (Tufekcki 2008, Portwood-Stacer 2013) • matrices of shades of use in comparison to heavy use (Hargittai and Hsieh 2011). • not listening (Crawford 2009) • fragmentation (Baym 2007) • time out (Powers 2010) • digital forgetting (Mayer-Schönberger 2011) • private spheres of interaction (Papacharrisi 2010, 2011) • Disconnect.Me (Karppi 2014)
  6. 6. Disconnective Practice (Light 2014; Light and Cassidy 2014) • Disconnective Power • Geographies of Disconnection • Disconnectors • Disconnection Modes • Ethics of Disconnection • Strategies - Prevention of Connection • Strategies - Suspension of Connection
  7. 7. Disconnective Power • 1DV: A has power over B because they can get B to do something they would not do otherwise. (It is made law that men cannot ride Salford public transport in skirts) • 2DV: Power is exercised where the scope of decision-making is constrained and conflict suppressed. (Men can only wear skirts on Salford public transport if they are made of nylon) • 3DV: Power is exercised by creating conditions so that conflict does not arise in the first place. (Men would never think of trying to board a bus in Salford, wearing a skirt, because they are conditioned to think this is not an option, and this is the case even though they might enjoy it if they did it) Dislike Buttons Reject Friend Reject Follower Retweeting Moderating Use Historical Editing Censorship Functions Resistance
  8. 8. Geographies of Disconnection
  9. 9. Disconnectors
  10. 10. Disconnection Modes
  11. 11. Ethics of Disconnection • The exercise of editorial ethics which seeks to prevent harm to oneself and others through the enactment of selective disconnection. • Privately public and publicly private strategies Lange (2007), the deployment of recontextualisation work and linguistic cover (Light 2014). • Such acts could even be as simple as not posting about someone or not tagging someone in a photograph with an SNS. • Questions of how SNS themselves may cause harm where disconnection does not occur are also raised – people’s experiences of uncensored shocking video content for example. • Ethical judgements may also be tied to notions of disconnection whereby a person choosing not to connect for a given reason (such as not sharing a serious health condition) is written into being as doing the right thing.
  12. 12. Disconnective Strategies of Prevention of Connection • Not friending • Not playing Farmville • Not liking • Not linking • Not tagging • Linguistic cover
  13. 13. Disconnective Strategies of Suspension of Connection • Holding friend requests • Half viewing • Friend culling • Media breaks
  14. 14. Disconnection as Socio-economic Lubricant
  15. 15. Moving forward • Nuancing of appropriation to include disconnection • Serious attention to non-human disconnectors • site philosophies and organisational policies • infrastructures - 3g/4g, WiFi, app stores, toilets, bus stops, vehicles • psychological aspects - lack of emoticon use or xxx • Roles of disconnection - practical, economic, ethics, erotic • Combining disconnective practice with other theory
  16. 16. This work is based on the following publications • Light, B. (2014). Disconnecting with Social Networking Sites. Basingstoke, Palgrave Macmillan. • Light, B. and Cassidy, E. (2014) Strategies for the Suspension and Prevention of Connection: Rendering Disconnection as Socioeconomic Lubricant with Facebook, New Media and Society 16 (7): 1169-1184 • Photocredits authors own except slide 1 (Guardian Image) and: galleries/72157643681239383/