Technology for Medical Teachers

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Technology for Medical Teachers

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Technology for Medical Teachers

  1. 1. TECHNOLOGY FOR Medical Teachers TECHNOLOGY FOR Medical Teachers Dr.T.V.Rao MDDr.T.V.Rao MD Medical TeachersMedical Teachers
  2. 2. TECHNOLOGY FOR Medical Teachers TECHNOLOGY FOR Medical Teachers Dr.T.V.Rao MDDr.T.V.Rao MD Medical TeachersMedical Teachers
  3. 3. Our Vision to FutureOur Vision to Future Dangers of looking to the future How to look to the future Dangers of looking to the future How to look to the futureHow to look to the future Possible futures for health care The old world and the new world Reinventing medical education How to look to the future Possible futures for health care The old world and the new world Reinventing medical education Dr.T.V.Rao MD
  4. 4. What’s Going On in Education?What’s Going On in Education? Key Educational Trends Increased demand for information Proliferation of networked scholarly information Online education Key Educational Trends Increased demand for information Proliferation of networked scholarly information Online educationOnline education Course management systems Importance of the curriculum & training Improved usability of technologies & their impact on learning Source: Adapted from Robert Kvavik, “Technology in Support of Learning” Online education Course management systems Importance of the curriculum & training Improved usability of technologies & their impact on learning Source: Adapted from Robert Kvavik, “Technology in Support of Learning”
  5. 5. Retreat ObjectiveRetreat Objective • To create educational ideas and implementation strategies that enable the UVA undergraduate • To create educational ideas and implementation strategies that enable the UVA undergraduate medical curriculum to become more: – Content Integrated (basic and clinical) – Interactive in its Teaching & Learning Activities – Clinical Performance-Oriented (applied knowledge & understanding medical curriculum to become more: – Content Integrated (basic and clinical) – Interactive in its Teaching & Learning Activities – Clinical Performance-Oriented (applied knowledge & understanding Dr.T.V.Rao MD
  6. 6. Looking to the future: common mistakes Looking to the future: common mistakes People consistently overestimate the effect of short term change People consistently overestimate the effect of short term changeof short term change and underestimate the effect of long term change. Ian Morrison, former president of the Institute for the Future of short term change and underestimate the effect of long term change. Ian Morrison, former president of the Institute for the Future Dr.T.V.Rao MD
  7. 7. Why bother with the future? Why bother with the future? The point is not toThe point is not toThe point is not to predict the future but to prepare for it and to shape it The point is not to predict the future but to prepare for it and to shape it Dr.T.V.Rao MD
  8. 8. Online learning is for EveryoneOnline learning is for Everyone Online learning tools and technologies have surfaced in recent years but the impression we get is that e- Online learning tools and technologies have surfaced in recent years but the impression we get is that e-impression we get is that e- learning is still confined to a little group of savvy educators who have understood how to leverage the power of the Internet for teaching and learning. impression we get is that e- learning is still confined to a little group of savvy educators who have understood how to leverage the power of the Internet for teaching and learning. Dr.T.V.Rao MD
  9. 9. Technology enters in every Profession Technology enters in every Profession TechnologicalTechnological innovations affect allinnovations affect all aspects of our lives,aspects of our lives, personal andpersonal and TechnologicalTechnological innovations affect allinnovations affect all aspects of our lives,aspects of our lives, personal andpersonal andpersonal andpersonal and professionalprofessional The Students of todayThe Students of today are the leaders ofare the leaders of tomorrowtomorrow personal andpersonal and professionalprofessional The Students of todayThe Students of today are the leaders ofare the leaders of tomorrowtomorrow Dr.T.V.Rao MD
  10. 10. Issue is How we prepare our Students Issue is How we prepare our Students How can we best prepare our students to be How can we best prepare our students to bestudents to be informed, conscientious leaders in a technologically advanced society? students to be informed, conscientious leaders in a technologically advanced society?Dr.T.V.Rao MD
  11. 11. Looking to the future: common mistakes Looking to the future: common mistakes People consistently overestimate the effect of short term change and People consistently overestimate the effect of short term change andof short term change and underestimate the effect of long term change. Ian Morrison, former president of the Institute for the Future of short term change and underestimate the effect of long term change. Ian Morrison, former president of the Institute for the Future Dr.T.V.Rao MD
  12. 12. Top-Ten Teaching and Learning Issues, 2007 Top-Ten Teaching and Learning Issues, 2007 1. Establishing & supporting a culture of evidence 2. Demonstrating improvement of learning 3. Translating learning research into practice 4. Selecting appropriate models & strategies for e- 1. Establishing & supporting a culture of evidence 2. Demonstrating improvement of learning 3. Translating learning research into practice 4. Selecting appropriate models & strategies for e-4. Selecting appropriate models & strategies for e- learning 5. Providing tools to meet growing student expectations 4. Selecting appropriate models & strategies for e- learning 5. Providing tools to meet growing student expectations Dr.T.V.Rao MD
  13. 13. Top-Ten Teaching and Learning Issues, 2007 Top-Ten Teaching and Learning Issues, 2007 6. Providing professional development & support to new audiences 7. Sharing content, applications, & application development 6. Providing professional development & support to new audiences 7. Sharing content, applications, & application developmentdevelopment 8. Protecting institutional data 9. Addressing emerging ethical challenges 10. Understanding the evolving role of academic technologists. Source: Educause Quarterly, Number 3 2007, pp. 15-21. development 8. Protecting institutional data 9. Addressing emerging ethical challenges 10. Understanding the evolving role of academic technologists. Source: Educause Quarterly, Number 3 2007, pp. 15-21. Dr.T.V.Rao MD
  14. 14. TechnologyTechnology More demand Most significant effect in academic More demand Most significant effect in academiceffect in academic achievement. Spending for Technology has increased effect in academic achievement. Spending for Technology has increased
  15. 15. Examples of TechnologyExamples of Technology Word Processor-simple tool based application Online repositories of scientific data Word Processor-simple tool based application Online repositories of scientific dataOnline repositories of scientific data Primary historical data Two way distant learning classrooms Closed circuit television channels Online repositories of scientific data Primary historical data Two way distant learning classrooms Closed circuit television channels
  16. 16. E-learning is component of Distance Education E-learning is component of Distance Education Distance Education: D r. T. Education: Any Time, Any Place Instruction
  17. 17. Promotions…..Promotions….. Word processing/email communication skills Database & Spreadsheet Word processing/email communication skills Database & SpreadsheetDatabase & Spreadsheet programs organizational skills Database & Spreadsheet programs organizational skills
  18. 18. Bring in Change or You are Lost ?Bring in Change or You are Lost ? If you think that you can run an organisation in the next 10 years as If you think that you can run an organisation in the next 10 years asnext 10 years as you've run it in the past 10 years you're out of your mind."CEO, Coca Cola next 10 years as you've run it in the past 10 years you're out of your mind."CEO, Coca Cola Dr.T.V.Rao MD
  19. 19. Role of Doctor is ChangingRole of Doctor is Changing Old world: Doctors Old world: Doctors New world: Doctors work New world: Doctors workDoctors practice primarily as individuals Doctors practice primarily as individuals Doctors work predominantly in teams Doctors work predominantly in teams Dr.T.V.Rao MD
  20. 20. Definition of Knowledge is Changing Definition of Knowledge is Changing Old world: Source of Old world: Source of New world: Source of New world: Source ofSource of knowledge is expert opinion Source of knowledge is expert opinion Source of knowledge is systematic review of evidence Source of knowledge is systematic review of evidence Dr.T.V.Rao MD
  21. 21. Learner CharacteristicsLearner Characteristics Convenience •Accessible & online •Immediate •Anytime, anywhere Connectedness •Highly mobile •Devices & media that are portable & customizable•Anytime, anywhere •Support at all times •Reachable anywhere Control •Customization •Multitasking •Control when & where of social interaction Learning •Visual images & multiple media •Experiential and participatory discovery •Real time engagement •Social—work in teams
  22. 22. Students are Multichannel, Multitasking Students are Multichannel, Multitasking •Mobile phone •Music Audio Visual •Web surfing •Instant messaging Interaction •Television •Web lecture Visual Dr.T.V.Rao MD
  23. 23. Why Technology ?Why Technology ? Practice Precertified on See one, do one, teach one Content Virtual hospital CDs, Internet, Databases Simulations Books, Lectures Precertified on procedure Dr.T.V.Rao MD
  24. 24. What’s Going On in Technology? What’s Going On in Technology? Key Technology Trends Smaller Faster Key Technology Trends Smaller FasterFaster Cheaper More mobile Changing often Converging Ubiquitous Faster Cheaper More mobile Changing often Converging Ubiquitous
  25. 25. E-learning is Supported Technologies E-learning is Supported Technologies Synchronous Dr.T.V.Rao MD Synchronous and Asynchronous Technologies
  26. 26. The Learner Is the Center
  27. 27. Internet Classroom • Internet meeting software is used to create a virtual Internet classroom • Classes engage in discussion, materials Internet Classroom • Internet meeting software is used to create a virtual Internet classroom • Classes engage in discussion, materials Synchronous TechnologiesSynchronous Technologies Dr.T.V.Rao MD • Classes engage in discussion, materials exchange, presentations, and testing • Development time for creating an Internet class is significant Outcomes in terms of flexibility and innovation are worth the time • Classes engage in discussion, materials exchange, presentations, and testing • Development time for creating an Internet class is significant Outcomes in terms of flexibility and innovation are worth the time
  28. 28. Email • Allows for teacher-student and student- student communication Email • Allows for teacher-student and student- student communication Asynchronous TechnologiesAsynchronous Technologies Dr.T.V.Rao MD student communication • Provides method for materials exchange through attachments • Offer opportunity for thoughtful exchange by all participants student communication • Provides method for materials exchange through attachments • Offer opportunity for thoughtful exchange by all participants
  29. 29. E-mail Guidelines • Don't use the "To" field when e-mailing more than one person • Include a relevant "Subject" line • Don't overuse the "High Priority" option 30 • Be concise and to the point • Don't write in all capital letters • Check for writing errors • Use simple formats (continued)
  30. 30. E-mail Guidelines • Don't send attachments unless absolutely necessary • Keep abbreviations to a minimum • Limit "smilies" to casual correspondence (continued) 31 • Limit "smilies" to casual correspondence • Include a brief signature • Read before you send • Think before you send • Maintain the thread
  31. 31. Doctors need change to be well informed Doctors need change to be well informed Old world: Most of what Old world: Most of what New world: Doctors must use New world: Doctors must useMost of what doctors need to know is in their heads Most of what doctors need to know is in their heads Doctors must use information tools constantly Doctors must use information tools constantly Dr.T.V.Rao MD
  32. 32. Selecting the Right ModelsSelecting the Right Models No single model or strategy exists, but many successful models exist to emulate. Best choices are built on No single model or strategy exists, but many successful models exist to emulate. Best choices are built on • Learner characteristics • Level of preparation • Preferred delivery modes • Technologies, support, & services available • Faculty characteristics • Institutional goals • Learner characteristics • Level of preparation • Preferred delivery modes • Technologies, support, & services available • Faculty characteristics • Institutional goals
  33. 33. Use Rationalism in Power point Teaching Use Rationalism in Power point Teaching PowerPoint is best used when students are expected to retain complex graphics, animation, and figures. For PowerPoint is best used when students are expected to retain complex graphics, animation, and figures. Foranimation, and figures. For alphanumeric information (e.g. text and numbers) PowerPoint as well as traditional presentations can be used. animation, and figures. For alphanumeric information (e.g. text and numbers) PowerPoint as well as traditional presentations can be used.
  34. 34. Traditional Teaching still Impressive Traditional Teaching still Impressive If students are expected to retain information and/or concepts that are best conveyed through If students are expected to retain information and/or concepts that are best conveyed throughbest conveyed through dialog or verbal explanation, traditional presentations appear to be best. best conveyed through dialog or verbal explanation, traditional presentations appear to be best. Dr.T.V.Rao MD
  35. 35. Faculty Development Is Key Faculty Development Is Key Faculty are in a difficult place & faculty development is the key to change Faculty are in a difficult place & faculty development is the key to changeto change • Need to engage students • Need to maintain & develop their skills • Need to move outside the learning environment in which they started and were successful to change • Need to engage students • Need to maintain & develop their skills • Need to move outside the learning environment in which they started and were successful
  36. 36. Developing Faculty to Use Technology with Success Developing Faculty to Use Technology with Success Pedagogy first, built on the science of learning. Resistance is futile; no more “stuff and dump” passive learners. Create active learning environments that invite understanding, and may include interactive face-to-face Pedagogy first, built on the science of learning. Resistance is futile; no more “stuff and dump” passive learners. Create active learning environments that invite understanding, and may include interactive face-to-faceunderstanding, and may include interactive face-to-face lecturing. Transformative faculty development is essential— opportunities to apply technology-enhanced learning practices to faculty’s own courses within their disciplines. Good reasons for changing are critical. Adapted from Educause Review, “Active Learning and Technology” understanding, and may include interactive face-to-face lecturing. Transformative faculty development is essential— opportunities to apply technology-enhanced learning practices to faculty’s own courses within their disciplines. Good reasons for changing are critical. Adapted from Educause Review, “Active Learning and Technology”
  37. 37. Developing Faculty to Use Technology with Success Developing Faculty to Use Technology with Success Pedagogy first, built on the science of learning. Resistance is futile; no more “stuff and dump” passive learners. Create active learning environments that invite understanding, and may include interactive face-to-face Pedagogy first, built on the science of learning. Resistance is futile; no more “stuff and dump” passive learners. Create active learning environments that invite understanding, and may include interactive face-to-faceunderstanding, and may include interactive face-to-face lecturing. Transformative faculty development is essential— opportunities to apply technology-enhanced learning practices to faculty’s own courses within their disciplines. Good reasons for changing are critical. Adapted from Educause Review, “Active Learning and Technology” understanding, and may include interactive face-to-face lecturing. Transformative faculty development is essential— opportunities to apply technology-enhanced learning practices to faculty’s own courses within their disciplines. Good reasons for changing are critical. Adapted from Educause Review, “Active Learning and Technology”
  38. 38. Global Medical EducationGlobal Medical Education Public health information needs worldwide network - SARS epidemic Similarly, medical Public health information needs worldwide network - SARS epidemic Similarly, medicalSimilarly, medical education needs a global view: • Global Development Learning Network (GDLN - World Bank) • MedNET (India) Similarly, medical education needs a global view: • Global Development Learning Network (GDLN - World Bank) • MedNET (India) Dr.T.V.Rao MD
  39. 39. Issues in e-EducationIssues in e-Education Teachers and/or students may not be ready for • New roles and Teachers and/or students may not be ready for • New roles and• New roles and responsibilities • New technologies • New methods and materials Teachers may need to adjust to increased time demands for planning and management • New roles and responsibilities • New technologies • New methods and materials Teachers may need to adjust to increased time demands for planning and management Dr.T.V.Rao MD
  40. 40. e- solutionse- solutions Innovative, web-based learning and assessment environment that uses screen-based simulations Innovative, web-based learning and assessment environment that uses screen-based simulationsscreen-based simulations to facilitate understanding and mastery of the skills needed to safely and accurately perform medication dosage calculations screen-based simulations to facilitate understanding and mastery of the skills needed to safely and accurately perform medication dosage calculations Dr.T.V.Rao MD
  41. 41. Why Create a Portal?Why Create a Portal? Many high-quality internet-based tools to support instruction, but most are not integrated. Number of choices is confusing. Many high-quality internet-based tools to support instruction, but most are not integrated. Number of choices is confusing.Number of choices is confusing. Most technologies are not personalized or customizable to the learner. The result: a lower quality academic experience Number of choices is confusing. Most technologies are not personalized or customizable to the learner. The result: a lower quality academic experience
  42. 42. Create Portal as Model with your Technical Resources Create Portal as Model with your Technical Resources The Portal is the U’s strategy to integrate many different independent applications The Portal is the U’s strategy to integrate many different independent applicationsindependent applications into a unified system to support learning. independent applications into a unified system to support learning.
  43. 43. Role of Faculty in Learning Environments: A New Model Role of Faculty in Learning Environments: A New Model The presence of varied technologies and a University-wide strategy for making them The presence of varied technologies and a University-wide strategy for making themUniversity-wide strategy for making them accessible means faculty often have to rethink courses, programs, and roles. University-wide strategy for making them accessible means faculty often have to rethink courses, programs, and roles.
  44. 44. Create The Instructional Design Team Create The Instructional Design Team The Learner Faculty Member/ Content Expert Web Developer Instructional Designer Course Coordinator Graphic Artist Videographer
  45. 45. We teachers can bring in change We teachers can bring in change Foster collaboration & interaction Learn best practices & find resources Encourage critical thinking & reflection Foster collaboration & interaction Learn best practices & find resources Encourage critical thinking & reflectionEncourage critical thinking & reflection Empower student voices Enrich the learning environment Support diverse learning styles Improve students’ communication skills Measure learning outcomes Encourage critical thinking & reflection Empower student voices Enrich the learning environment Support diverse learning styles Improve students’ communication skills Measure learning outcomes
  46. 46. Make your Books Lighter with e-Readers Make your Books Lighter with e-Readers Dr.T.V.Rao MD
  47. 47. Teachers to Invest in Multimedia Gadgets – Technology is Power Teachers to Invest in Multimedia Gadgets – Technology is Power Dr.T.V.Rao MD
  48. 48. 3G Networks bring the Knowledge in your Hands 3G Networks bring the Knowledge in your Hands Dr.T.V.Rao MD
  49. 49. Indian Government Initiates Affordable e-learning Tools Indian Government Initiates Affordable e-learning Tools India unveiled a Rs 1,500 (around $ 30) tablet PC designed specifically for students. "If more companies decide to manufacture a similar device, prices India unveiled a Rs 1,500 (around $ 30) tablet PC designed specifically for students. "If more companies decide to manufacture a similar device, pricesmanufacture a similar device, prices will come down automatically," Human Resource Development Minister Kapil Sibal said after unveiling the low cost- access-cum computing device here. The device would be made available to students in 2011.( as reported ) manufacture a similar device, prices will come down automatically," Human Resource Development Minister Kapil Sibal said after unveiling the low cost- access-cum computing device here. The device would be made available to students in 2011.( as reported ) Dr.T.V.Rao MD
  50. 50. Med NET IndiaMed NET India Broadband network Link medical schools, hospitals, public health centers Broadband network Link medical schools, hospitals, public health centerscenters For Tele-education Telehealth Bio-informatics Research Grid centers For Tele-education Telehealth Bio-informatics Research Grid
  51. 51. Technology is going to continue toTechnology is going to continue toTechnology is going to continue toTechnology is going to continue to progressprogressprogressprogress… Technology is going to continue toTechnology is going to continue toTechnology is going to continue toTechnology is going to continue to progressprogressprogressprogress… …Can you handle it?…Can you handle it?
  52. 52. NO MATTER WHAT YOUR PRESENTATION IS ABOUT Never Forget 3 P’s NO MATTER WHAT YOUR PRESENTATION IS ABOUT Never Forget 3 P’s PlanPlan Prepare Practice Prepare Practice Dr.T.V.Rao MD
  53. 53. Technology is Eliminating Teacher and Student Gap ? Technology is Eliminating Teacher and Student Gap ? Dr.T.V.Rao MD
  54. 54. Technology is to used with caution? Technology is to used with caution? The ‘‘intelligent use” of educational technologies can be defined with three components (1) How do people learn The ‘‘intelligent use” of educational technologies can be defined with three components (1) How do people learncomponents (1) How do people learn (cognitive component)? (2) How can the learning experience be facilitated (instruction component)? (3) How can technology be used to improve instruction and learning (technology component)? components (1) How do people learn (cognitive component)? (2) How can the learning experience be facilitated (instruction component)? (3) How can technology be used to improve instruction and learning (technology component)? Dr.T.V.Rao MD
  55. 55. Most Important Word in Medicine Most Important Word in Medicine I don’t I don’t In spite several advances in Medicine, In spite several advances in Medicine, I don’t know I don’t knowDr.T.V.Rao MD Medicine, knowledge and Technology. Doctors should be honest to confess Medicine, knowledge and Technology. Doctors should be honest to confess
  56. 56. Our Medical Educational Trends Difficult to Define Our Medical Educational Trends Difficult to Define “My medical education began three times. What I learnt at medical school was no use in the “My medical education began three times. What I learnt at medical school was no use in thewas no use in the hospital. What I learnt in the hospital was no use in general practice.” Julian Tudor Hart (paraphrased) was no use in the hospital. What I learnt in the hospital was no use in general practice.” Julian Tudor Hart (paraphrased)
  57. 57. With Thanks - References fromWith Thanks - References from 1Medical Education and the Lambda Grid Parvati Dev, PhD Stanford University SUMMIT Lab 2Harnessing Technologies for Learning: Part One Academy Distinguished Teachers Fall Retreat 2007 Billie Wahlstrom, Vice Provost 1Medical Education and the Lambda Grid Parvati Dev, PhD Stanford University SUMMIT Lab 2Harnessing Technologies for Learning: Part One Academy Distinguished Teachers Fall Retreat 2007 Billie Wahlstrom, Vice Provost Dr.T.V.Rao MD
  58. 58. Created by Dr.T.V.Rao MD for e- learning resources for Medical Created by Dr.T.V.Rao MD for e- learning resources for Medicallearning resources for Medical profession Email doctortvrao@gmail.com learning resources for Medical profession Email doctortvrao@gmail.com Dr.T.V.Rao MD

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