Technology for Medical Teachers


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Technology for Medical Teachers

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Technology for Medical Teachers

  1. 1. TECHNOLOGY FORMedical Teachers Dr.T.V.Rao MD Dr.T.V.Rao MD 1
  2. 2. Our Vision to FutureDangers of looking to the futureHow to look to the futurePossible futures for health careThe old world and the new worldReinventing medical education Dr.T.V.Rao MD 2
  3. 3. What’s Going On in Education?Key Educational TrendsIncreased demand for informationProliferation of networked scholarly informationOnline educationCourse management systemsImportance of the curriculum & trainingImproved usability of technologies & their impact on learning Dr.T.V.Rao MD 3 Source: Adapted from Robert Kvavik, “Technology in Support of Learning”
  4. 4. Dr.T.V.Rao MD 4
  5. 5. Retreat Objective• To create educational ideas and implementationstrategies that enable the UVA undergraduatemedical curriculum to become more:– Content Integrated (basic and clinical)– Interactive in its Teaching & Learning Activities– Clinical Performance-Oriented (applied knowledge & understanding Dr.T.V.Rao MD 5
  6. 6. Looking to the future: common mistakesPeople consistentlyoverestimate theeffect of short termchange andunderestimate theeffect of long termchange.Ian Morrison, former president of the Dr.T.V.Rao MD 6Institute for the Future
  7. 7. Why bother with the future?The point is not topredict the futurebut to prepare for itand to shape it Dr.T.V.Rao MD 7
  8. 8. Online learning is for Everyone Online learning tools and technologies have surfaced in recent years but the impression we get is that e-learning is still confined to a little group of savvy educators who have understood how to leverage the power of the Internet for teaching and learning. Dr.T.V.Rao MD 8
  9. 9. Technology enters in every ProfessionTechnologicalinnovations affect allaspects of our lives,personal andprofessionalThe Students oftoday are the leadersof tomorrow Dr.T.V.Rao MD 9
  10. 10. Issue is How we prepare our Students How can we best prepare our students to be informed, conscientious leaders in a technologically advanced society? Dr.T.V.Rao MD 10
  11. 11. Looking to the future: common mistakesPeople consistentlyoverestimate theeffect of short termchange andunderestimate theeffect of long termchange.Ian Morrison, former president of the Institutefor the Future Dr.T.V.Rao MD 11
  12. 12. Top-Ten Teaching and Learning Issues, 20071. Establishing & supporting a culture of evidence2. Demonstrating improvement of learning3. Translating learning research into practice4. Selecting appropriate models & strategies for e-learning5. Providing tools to meet growing student expectations Dr.T.V.Rao MD 12
  13. 13. Top-Ten Teaching and Learning Issues, 20076. Providing professional development & support to new audiences7. Sharing content, applications, & application development8. Protecting institutional data9. Addressing emerging ethical challenges10. Understanding the evolving role of academic technologists. Source: Educause Quarterly, Number 3 2007, pp. 15-21. Dr.T.V.Rao MD 13
  14. 14. TechnologyMore demandMost significanteffect in academicachievement.Spending forTechnology hasincreased Dr.T.V.Rao MD 14
  15. 15. Examples of TechnologyWord Processor-simple tool based applicationOnline repositories of scientific dataPrimary historical dataTwo way distant learning classroomsClosed circuit television channels Dr.T.V.Rao MD 15
  16. 16. E-learning is component of Distance EducationDistanceEducation:Any Time,Any PlaceInstructionD 16r.
  17. 17. Promotions…..Wordprocessing/email communicationskillsDatabase &Spreadsheetprogramsorganizational skills Dr.T.V.Rao MD 17
  18. 18. Bring in Change or You are Lost ? If you think that you can run an organisation in the next 10 years as youve run it in the past 10 years youre out of your mind."CEO, Coca Cola Dr.T.V.Rao MD 18
  19. 19. Role of Doctors is ChangingOld world: New world:Doctors Doctors workpractice predominantlyprimarily as in teamsindividuals Dr.T.V.Rao MD 19
  20. 20. Definition of Knowledge is ChangingOld world: New world:Source of Source of knowledge isknowledge is systematicexpert review ofopinion evidence Dr.T.V.Rao MD 20
  21. 21. Learner Characteristics Convenience Connectedness•Accessible & online •Highly mobile•Immediate •Devices & media that are portable &•Anytime, anywhere customizable•Support at all times •Reachable anywhere Control Learning•Customization •Visual images & multiple media•Multitasking •Experiential and participatory•Control when & where of social discoveryinteraction •Real time engagement •Social—work in teams
  22. 22. Students are familiarMultichannel, Multitasking Audio • Mobile phone • Music Visual • Television • Web lecture Interaction • Web surfing • Instant messaging Dr.T.V.Rao MD 22
  23. 23. Why Technology ? Practice See one, do one, teach one Precertified on procedure Virtual hospital Simulations ContentBooks, Lectures CDs, Internet, Databases Dr.T.V.Rao MD 23
  24. 24. What’s Going On in Technology?Key Technology TrendsSmallerFasterCheaperMore mobileChanging oftenConvergingUbiquitous
  25. 25. E-learning is Supported TechnologiesSynchronous andAsynchronousTechnologies Dr.T.V.Rao MD 25
  26. 26. The Learner Is in the Center Dr.T.V.Rao MD 26
  27. 27. Synchronous Technologies Internet Classroom • Internet meeting software is used to create a virtual Internet classroom • Classes engage in discussion, materials exchange, presentations, and testing • Development time for creating an Internet class is significant Outcomes in terms of flexibility and innovation are worth the timeDr.T.V.Rao MD 27
  28. 28. Asynchronous Technologies Email • Allows for teacher-student and student-student communication • Provides method for materials exchange through attachments • Offer opportunity for thoughtful exchange by all participantsDr.T.V.Rao MD 28
  29. 29. E-mail using GuidelinesDont use the "To" field when e-mailing more than one person Include a relevant "Subject" line Dont overuse the "High Priority" option Be concise and to the pointDont write in all capital letters Check for writing errors Use simple formats Dr.T.V.Rao MD 29 (continued)
  30. 30. E-mail Guidelines (continued) Dont send attachments unless absolutely necessaryKeep abbreviations to a minimum Limit "smilies" to casual correspondence Include a brief signatureRead before you send Think before you send Maintain the thread Dr.T.V.Rao MD 30
  31. 31. Doctors need to change to be well informed person or …… Old world: New world: Most of what Doctors must doctors need use to know is in information tools their heads constantly Dr.T.V.Rao MD 31
  32. 32. Selecting the Right ModelsNo single model or strategyexists, but many successfulmodels exist to emulate.Best choices are built on • Learner characteristics • Level of preparation • Preferred delivery modes • Technologies, support, & services available • Faculty characteristics • Institutional goals
  33. 33. Use Rationalism in Power Point TeachingPowerPoint is best usedwhen students areexpected to retaincomplex graphics,animation, and figures.For alphanumericinformation (e.g. textand numbers)PowerPoint as well astraditionalpresentations can beused. Dr.T.V.Rao MD 33
  34. 34. Traditional Teaching Still Impressive If students are expected to retain information and/or concepts that are best conveyed through dialog or verbal explanation, traditional presentations appear to be best. Dr.T.V.Rao MD 34
  35. 35. Faculty Development Is KeyFaculty are in a difficultplace & facultydevelopment is the keyto change • Need to engage students • Need to maintain & develop their skills • Need to move outside the learning environment in which they started and Dr.T.V.Rao MD 35 were successful
  36. 36. Developing Faculty to UseTechnology with SuccessPedagogy first, built on the science of learning.Resistance is futile; no more “stuff and dump” passive learners.Create active learning environments that invite understanding, and may include interactive face-to- face lecturing.Transformative faculty development is essential— opportunities to apply technology-enhanced learning practices to faculty’s own courses within their disciplines.Good reasons for changing are critical. Adapted from Educause Review, “Active Learning and Technology” Dr.T.V.Rao MD 36
  37. 37. Global Medical EducationPublic healthinformation needsworldwide network -SARS epidemicSimilarly, medicaleducation needs aglobal view: • Global Development Learning Network (GDLN - World Bank) Dr.T.V.Rao MD 37 • MedNET (India)
  38. 38. Issues in e-EducationTeachers and/orstudents may not beready for • New roles and responsibilities • New technologies • New methods and materialsTeachers may need toadjust to increasedtime demands forplanning andmanagement Dr.T.V.Rao MD 38
  39. 39. e- solutionsInnovative, web-basedlearning andassessmentenvironment that usesscreen-basedsimulations to facilitateunderstanding and masteryof the skills needed tosafely and accuratelyperform medication dosagecalculations Dr.T.V.Rao MD 39
  40. 40. Why Create a Portal? Many high-quality internet-based tools to support instruction, but most are not integrated. Number of choices is confusing. Most technologies are not personalized or customizable to the learner. The result: a lower quality academic experience Dr.T.V.Rao MD 40
  41. 41. Create Portal as Model with your Technical ResourcesThe Portal is theU’s strategy tointegrate manydifferentindependentapplications into aunified system tosupport learning.
  42. 42. Create The Instructional Design TeamFaculty Member/ Course Instructional DesignerContent Expert Coordinator The Learner Graphic Artist Videographer Web Developer
  43. 43. We teachers can bring in changeFoster collaboration & interactionLearn best practices & find resourcesEncourage critical thinking & reflectionEmpower student voicesEnrich the learning environmentSupport diverse learning stylesImprove students’ communication skillsMeasure learning outcomes Dr.T.V.Rao MD 43
  44. 44. Make your Books Lighter with e-Readers Dr.T.V.Rao MD 44
  45. 45. Teachers to Invest in Multimedia Gadgets – Technology is Power Dr.T.V.Rao MD 45
  46. 46. 3G Networks bring theKnowledge in your Hands Dr.T.V.Rao MD 46
  47. 47. Med NET IndiaBroadband networkLink medical schools,hospitals, public healthcentersFor Tele-education Telehealth Bio-informatics Research Grid Dr.T.V.Rao MD 47
  48. 48. NO MATTER WHAT YOUR PRESENTATION IS ABOUT Never Forget 3 P’sPlanPreparePractice Dr.T.V.Rao MD 48
  49. 49. Technology is EliminatingTeacher and Student Gap ? Dr.T.V.Rao MD 49
  50. 50. Technology is to used with caution? The ‘‘intelligent use” of educational technologies can be defined with three components (1) How do people learn (cognitive component)? (2) How can the learning experience be facilitated (instruction component)? (3) How can technology be used to improve instruction and learning (technology component)? Dr.T.V.Rao MD 50
  51. 51. Our Medical Educational Trends Difficult to Define “My medical education began three times. What I learnt at medical school was no use in the hospital. What I learnt in the hospital was no use in general practice.” (Julian Tudor Hart (paraphrased) Dr.T.V.Rao MD 51
  52. 52. With Thanks - References from 1Medical Education and the Lambda Grid Parvati Dev, PhD Stanford University SUMMIT Lab 2Harnessing Technologies for Learning: Part One Academy Distinguished Teachers Fall Retreat 2007 Billie Wahlstrom, Vice Provost Dr.T.V.Rao MD 52
  53. 53. Created by Dr.T.V.Rao MDfor e-learning resources for Medical Professionals Email Dr.T.V.Rao MD 53