SKILLS FOR MEDICAL STUDENTS

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SKILLS FOR MEDICAL STUDENTS

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SKILLS FOR MEDICAL STUDENTS

  1. 1. SKILLS FOR MEDICAL STUDENTS Dr.T.V.Rao MD1 Dr.T.V.Rao MD 11/10/2012
  2. 2. Medical Graduates Should HaveMedical Graduates should have the knowledge, skills, professional behaviors and attitudes necessary to enter the supervised practice of medicine . Graduates must be able to diagnose and manage health problems and provide comprehensive, compassionate care to their patients 2 Dr.T.V.Rao MD 11/10/2012
  3. 3. Definition of Learning Learning is viewed here as developing a way of thinking and acting that is characteristic of an expert community. Such a way of thinking consists of three important elements:1. the knowledge that represents phenomena in the subject domain2. the thinking activities that construe, modify and use this knowledge to interpret situations in that domain3. and to act in them. Dr.T.V.Rao MD 11/10/2012
  4. 4. Learning stylesImportant for you to know HOW you learnThe more balanced your style is the easier learning will happen in schoolSo how do you find out? 4 Dr.T.V.Rao MD 11/10/2012
  5. 5. Students learn by Many Approaches5 Dr.T.V.Rao MD 11/10/2012
  6. 6. Educational Principle #1 Medicine is Hard work Just because you said it, doesn’t mean it will be remembered.6 Dr.T.V.Rao MD 11/10/2012
  7. 7. Medical students should posses the skills  Students Must possess the cognitive, communication, sensory, motor, and social skills necessary to interview, examine, and counsel patients, and competently complete certain technical procedures in a reasonable time while ensuring patient safety.7 Dr.T.V.Rao MD 11/10/2012
  8. 8. Students should learn many skills  Prospective candidates should be aware that, cognitive, physical examination, management skills, communications kills, and professional behaviours are all evaluated in timed8 Dr.T.V.Rao MD simulations of 11/10/2012 patient encounters
  9. 9. Use your Senses You are GeniusExperience with your five sensesNoticing and recalling DETAILSWhat ACTUALLY happensPractical, realisticRead directions BEFORE starting 9 Dr.T.V.Rao MD 11/10/2012
  10. 10. The Students to be empowered with….A student must be able to participate in learning situations that require skills in observation. In particular, a student must be able to accurately observe a patient and acquire visual, auditory and tactile information.10 Dr.T.V.Rao MD 11/10/2012
  11. 11. Some Important skills – Need Practice and Perfection Developed fluent dialogue with patient Used silence effectively, allowing patient enough time to express thoughts or feelings Actively encouraged patient through use of supportive words or comments Dialogue with patient was enhanced by effective use of non-verbal behaviour Used open, exploratory questions – inviting patient to become actively involved Adjusted language as appropriate, to suit11particular needs of the situation Dr.T.V.Rao MD 11/10/2012
  12. 12. Effective Communication makes good Doctors, Student must be able to speak, to hear and to observe patients in order to effectively and efficiently elicit information, describe mood, activity and posture and perceive non- verbal communication 12 Dr.T.V.Rao MD 11/10/2012
  13. 13. Communicating with Patients and relatives  Student must be able to communicate effectively and sensitively with patients, families and any member of the health care team. A students must also be able to summarize coherently a patient’s condition and management plan verbally and in writing13 Dr.T.V.Rao MD 11/10/2012
  14. 14. Students should Improve Motor skills  A student must demonstrate sufficient motor function to safely perform a physical examination on a patient, including palpation, auscultation and percussion. The examination must be done independently and in a timely fashion14 Dr.T.V.Rao MD 11/10/2012
  15. 15. Educational Principle #2 Just because you remember something doesn’t mean you15 understand it! Dr.T.V.Rao MD 11/10/2012
  16. 16. CASE Curriculum Model Cooperative Active Self directed Experiential16 Dr.T.V.Rao MD 11/10/2012
  17. 17. Using Diagnostic Aids with SkillsA student must be able to use common diagnostic aids or instruments either directly or in an adaptive form (e.g. sphygmomanometer, stethoscope, otoscope and ophthalmoscope). A student must be able to execute motor movements reasonably required to provide general and emergency medical care to patients 17 Dr.T.V.Rao MD 11/10/2012
  18. 18. Students should able to DemonstrateStudent must demonstrate the cognitive skills and memory necessary to measure, calculate, and reason in order to analyse, integrate and synthesize information. In addition, the student must be able to comprehend dimensional and spatial relationships. 18Dr.T.V.Rao MD 11/10/2012
  19. 19. Students should utilize intellectual abilities  A student must consistently demonstrate the emotional health required for full utilization of her/his intellectual abilities. The application of good judgment, and the prompt completion of all responsibilities attendant to the diagnosis and care of patients is necessary.19 Dr.T.V.Rao MD 11/10/2012
  20. 20. Your relation with patients and their families make difference  The development of mature, sensitive and effective relationships with patients, families and other members of the health care team are also required20 Dr.T.V.Rao MD 11/10/2012
  21. 21. Skill Learning Cycle New Unconscious Awareness Challenges Incompetence Unconscious Conscious Competence Incompetence Practice Conscious Explicit Teaching 21 Dr.T.V.Rao MD Competence 11/10/2012Reassurance
  22. 22. Students should have tolerance to face the circumstances  The student must be able to tolerate the physical, emotional, and mental demands of the program and function effectively under stress.22 Dr.T.V.Rao MD 11/10/2012
  23. 23. Learn Clinical Reasoning The thinking activities that construe, modify and use this knowledge to interpret situations in that domain.23 Dr.T.V.Rao MD 11/10/2012
  24. 24. Adaptability to Uncertainties makes you Successful Adaptability to changing environments and the ability to function in the face of uncertainties that are inherent in the care of patients are both necessary. 24 Dr.T.V.Rao MD 11/10/2012
  25. 25. Your compassion to Patients Makes a Successful Physician  Compassion, integrity, concern for others, interpersonal skills, interest and motivation are all personal qualities that physicians must demonstrate and are expected qualities of students25 Dr.T.V.Rao MD 11/10/2012
  26. 26. Learn and Communicate with Information Technology26 Dr.T.V.Rao MD 11/10/2012
  27. 27. Importance of Information Literacy Skills (ILS) Training for Medical Students Motivation for information literacy skills is based on the realization that academic libraries are central and critical to the instructional and scholarly life of the universities they serve They are integral parts of the teaching, learning and research Medical Librarians are accepting the challenge of graduating students with information and communication technology competencies It is therefore important to design instructional modules to be taught to medical students during their academic career ILS recognizes that all learners need training in information 27 communication technology in order to fully utilize and Dr.T.V.Rao MD 11/10/2012 available information resources.
  28. 28. Why ILS Training? Information Communication Technologies have changed the way in which we communicate Whilst books and journals remain important, CD-ROM, e-mail and the Internet are supplementing and even replacing some forms of print material (INASP, 2002) Due to these developments, the following questions arise: What new skills and techniques are needed to search, find and navigate this information? What kind of training is needed? What kind of training is needed? How can these electronic resources be evaluated? 28 Dr.T.V.Rao MD 11/10/2012
  29. 29. Ability of Information LiteracyUnderstand in a basic sense how resource information is produced, disseminated, organized, including differences among primary, secondary and tertiary literature and the distinction between popular and peer-reviewed literatureInformation literacy is increasingly important in contemporary environment of rapid technological changeIt is common to all disciplines, to all learning environments, and to all levels of educationIt enables learners to master content and extend their investigations, become more self-directed, and assume greater control over their own learning. 29 Dr.T.V.Rao MD 11/10/2012
  30. 30. What is an Information Literate Person? Determines the extent of information needed Accesses the needed information effectively and efficiently Evaluates information and its sources critically Incorporates selected information into one`s knowledge base Uses information effectively to accomplish a specific purpose Understands the economic, legal, and social issues surrounding the use of information, and access and use information ethically and legally. 30 Dr.T.V.Rao MD 11/10/2012
  31. 31. All should remember Life is a Journey for BettermentLive in a flexible spontaneous wayTend to go with the flowLife is a journey not a destinationEnjoy experiences and discoveriesAdaptable and curiousFeel uneasy after a decisionWORK/PLAY ETHIC 31 Dr.T.V.Rao MD 11/10/2012
  32. 32. Programme Created by Dr.T.V.Rao MD for Progress of Medical Education toMake better Medical Students to face Emerging Challenges Email doctortvrao@gmail.com 32 Dr.T.V.Rao MD 11/10/2012

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