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How technology changed our life


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How Technology Changed Our

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How technology changed our life

  1. 1. How Technology Changed Our LIFEDr.T.V.Rao MD Dr.T.V.Rao MD 1
  2. 2. Stethoscope signifies Prominent Tool in Medical Profession • No other symbol identifies a doctor more than a stethoscope. For centuries physicians relied on percussion and auscultation – listening to chest sounds and heartbeats by pressing the ear to the chest – to assess cardiac health. Invented by Rene Laennec in 1816, stethoscope has become the singular symbol of physicians and has become one of the most trusted tools that physicians use for physical diagnosis. Dr.T.V.Rao MD 2
  3. 3. A doctor, a patient and hospital staff in grand rounds in the 1920s. By LAWRENCE K. ALTMAN, M.D. Dr.T.V.Rao MD 3
  4. 4. “ Passive Learning” in 2oth Century • In the 20th Century The teacher was the one who control the access to information and accordingly we expected to be provided with the information we need to pass a series of assessment where we had to simply reconstruct knowledge and information, without necessarily understanding it. • Our sources of information were limited to books and videos. Dr.T.V.Rao MD 4
  5. 5. Today’s Teaching Medicine Grossly Changed • But in recent years, grand rounds have become didactic lectures focusing on technical aspects of the newest biomedical research. Patients have disappeared. If a case history is presented, it is usually as a brief synopsis and the discussant rarely makes even a passing reference to it. Dr.T.V.Rao MD 5
  6. 6. Passive Teaching becomes Active Teaching • In the 21 Century The Lecturers were mainly facilitators helping us to access and process information. They recognize that each individual had a different learning style and needs. The focus is on what we know and learn rather than memorizing facts like how t was in the 80’s. Dr.T.V.Rao MD 6
  7. 7. Passive Teaching becomes Active Teaching • All the projects carried out was based around researching on digital tools and experimenting with them and compare and contrast different tools and theories, and discussing and evaluating different sources. • We took responsibility for our own learning. We construct our knowledge through collaborating with peers and lecturers. Dr.T.V.Rao MD 7
  8. 8. What Technology Means • Technology is the making, modification, usage, and knowledge of tools, machines, techniques, crafts, systems, and methods of organization, in order to solve a problem, improve a pre-existing solution to a problem, achieve a goal, handle an applied input/output relation or perform a specific function Dr.T.V.Rao MD 8
  9. 9. How Technology Changing Our Lives • Over the last five years, technology has been rapidly changing and expanding in every field imaginable. Smart phones are now capable of acting as standalone computer devices that can take pictures, search the Internet, send emails and text messages and yes, they even make phone calls. Dr.T.V.Rao MD 9
  10. 10. What Technology Means to Medicine •Technology has changed our lives in so many ways it is hard to perceive. If you look in the field of medicine alone, technological advances have allowed doctors to treat diseases and illness that were otherwise at one time fatalDr.T.V.Rao MD 10
  11. 11. We are better organised in Lives •Technology is making out lives easy. We are organized and fast with help of Technology. It is helping us to discover and invent new things. Dr.T.V.Rao MD 11
  12. 12. Changes our Culture • One way that technology has changed our culture is to make us more aware of how others live. People now are likely to have friends around the world, rather than only in their own town. It has also made extended family closer and more in touch. Dr.T.V.Rao MD 12
  13. 13. Social, political, and economic systems change incrementally, but technology changes exponentially. Larry Downes Law of Disruption Dr.T.V.Rao MD 13
  14. 14. Our Students are Different Today • more self-directed • better equipped to capture information • more reliant on feedback from peers • more inclined to collaborate • more oriented toward being their own • “Education Trends | Featured News John K. Waters—13 December 2011 Dr.T.V.Rao MD 14
  15. 15. Computer Revolution in Medicine • Using computers was one of the most important technological changes in 20th-century medicine. They became central to medical care from the 1950s. Computerised machines in hospitals monitored patients continuously. They also enabled insurers and state-run health services to track patient records on a massive scale. Imaging techniques such as MRI or PET were possible because faster computers could reconstruct images of the body. More diagnostic tests were developed because automated laboratory machines performed tests quicker and more accurately. Dr.T.V.Rao MD 15
  16. 16. The Technology gathers information from many Tools •Breakthroughs in information gathering, research, treatments, and communications have given medical providers new tools to work with and fresh ways to practice medicine.Dr.T.V.Rao MD 16
  17. 17. Our Smartphones makes us more Smarter • Think of the cell phone, which is not only a hub of telecommunications convergence, but also a remarkable number of devices all rolled into one gadget: camera, video recorder, GPS, calculator, watch, alarm clock, music player, voice recorder, photo album and library of books – like a pluripotent stem cell. Dr.T.V.Rao MD 17
  18. 18. Today many matters are embedded in Smartphones ? • Then connect it to a wireless network, and this tiny device is a web surfer, word processor, video player, translator, dictionary, encyclopaedia and gateway to the world's knowledge base. And, by the way, it even texts, emails and provides phone service. But now picture this device loaded for medicine, capable of displaying all of one's vital signs in real time, conducting laboratory analyses, sequencing parts of one's genome, or even acquiring ultrasound images of one's heart, abdomen or unborn baby. Dr.T.V.Rao MD 18
  19. 19. New Technologies are Costlier, are they worth it ? •New technologies often substitute for older technologies in the therapy of established patients, which we term the “treatment substitution effect.” The unit cost of new technologies may be higher or lower than the cost of the older technologies they replace. But new technologies often bring health improvements, and this is valued highly. Dr.T.V.Rao MD 19
  20. 20. Why Teachers Need to Change as we Cannot compel the Students •“Knowledge that is acquired under compulsion obtains no hold on the mind.” •- Socrates Dr.T.V.Rao MD 20
  21. 21. We should only make the Students to THINK Dr.T.V.Rao MD 21
  22. 22. Learners will need new ‘literacies • Social networking • Privacy maintenance • Identity management • Creating content • Organising content • Reusing and repurposing • Filtering and selecting • Self presentation • Trans literacy Dr.T.V.Rao MD 22
  23. 23. Self Learning – Things can Wrong ? Dr.T.V.Rao MD 23
  24. 24. I Repeat What our Students Need Today • Social networking • Privacy maintenance • Identity management • Creating content • Organising content • Reusing and repurposing • Filtering and selecting • Self presentation • Trans literacy Dr.T.V.Rao MD 24
  25. 25. Machines taking away Human touch ? • Safety concerns and cost have limited their use. Technology has changed the relationship between patients and practitioners. Some historians and physicians argued machines made doctors poorer healers by encouraging them to focus only on the sick parts of the body, rather than caring for the patient as a whole. Dr.T.V.Rao MD 25
  26. 26. Are we Teaching our Students Proper Way ? •All too often we are giving young people cut flowers when we should be teaching them to grow their own plants.” •- John W. Gardner Dr.T.V.Rao MD 26
  27. 27. Dr.T.V.Rao MD 27
  28. 28. Patients Cannot skip Doctors That more and more people are using the Internet to research their medical issues. While it is never a good idea to skip out on the doctor completely, the Internet has made patients more empowered to make decisions about what to do next. Dr.T.V.Rao MD 28
  29. 29. Medical Technologies are Expanding •The use of technology is expending into the business of healthcare, with the widespread adoption of electronic medical records, use of mobile devices and telemedicine, and the electronic exchange of health information. Dr.T.V.Rao MD 29
  30. 30. Nano Technologies advancing all branches of Medicine • Medical technology is going smaller – nanotechnology is being developed in everything from drugs to implants to surgical tools. As we look to the future of medicine and remark on the innovations being discovered today, it is important to recognize and pay homage to the forward-thinkers that paved the way for modern medicine. Dr.T.V.Rao MD 30
  31. 31. What Is the Hospital of Tomorrow? • But the most precious part of our existence – our health – has thus far been largely unaffected, insulated and almost compartmentalized from this digital revolution. But that is about to change. Medicine is about to go through its biggest shakeup in history. Dr.T.V.Rao MD 31
  32. 32. With advances in Technology •Doctors can now more effectively treat more diseases, but there are now more diseases to treat. Dr.T.V.Rao MD 32
  33. 33. In spite of Advancing Technologies there is No substitute to Good Teachers Dr.T.V.Rao MD 33
  34. 34. Today our Medical Students are Different from the Past Try Technology as option Dr.T.V.Rao MD 34
  35. 35. When you are Shy to learn from others Around Just Listen to Podcasts on Many Subjects Dr.T.V.Rao MD 35
  36. 36. Never Forget Technology Cannot replace Doctors Role in Human Care • The first action should be to look at the patient, not the computer,” the Doctors team to return to each patient’s bedside at day’s end. “I say, ‘Don’t go to a computer; go back to the room, sit down and listen to them. And don’t look like you’re in a hurry, you miss the facts. Dr.T.V.Rao MD 36
  37. 37. Never think you are Old to Learn Technology Just Try • “Seniors need to get on the technological bandwagon and become an integral part of their own health care and health care delivery,” • “80 is the new 60” — more and more older adults now use computers and the Internet, and two-thirds of seniors using the Internet have looked for health information online. Dr.T.V.Rao MD 37
  38. 38. We The Humans are Never Old to Learn The Technology Dr.T.V.Rao MD 38
  39. 39. What all said by few- We cannot survive without Technology Dr.T.V.Rao MD 39
  40. 40. Never Forget the Power of Medicine lies on 3 Principles •Tender •Loving •Caring Dr.T.V.Rao MD 40
  41. 41. For More Articles of Interest on Medicine, Microbiology and Technology Visit me on ….. Dr.T.V.Rao MD 41
  42. 42. •Programme Created by Dr.T.V.Rao MD for Medical and Other Teaching Professionals in the Developing World •email. • Dr.T.V.Rao MD 42