E learning for medical colleges

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E learning for medical colleges

  1. 1. e-education forMedical Colleges DR.T.V.RAO MD Dr.T.V.Rao MD 1
  2. 2. Learning is… Learning is the sharing or transfer of information between two parties. Over the course of time, many modalities and theories about learning have been elucidated with varying degrees of effectiveness Dr.T.V.Rao MD 2
  3. 3. Today’s Students are intelligent, can adopt to Newer Technologies faster Dr.T.V.Rao MD 3
  4. 4. Learning to e-learning  E-learning is also called Web-based learning, online learning, distributed learning, computer- assisted instruction, or Internet-based learning Dr.T.V.Rao MD 4
  5. 5. Computers and Medical Education Computers are increasingly used in medical education. Electronic learning (e- learning) is moving from textbooks in electronic format (that are increasingly enhanced by the use of multimedia adjuncts) to a truly interactive medium that can be delivered to meet the educational needs of students and postgraduate learners Dr.T.V.Rao MD 5
  6. 6. Advantages of Computers in Education Computer technology can present reliable, reusable content in a format that is convenient to the learner. It can be used to transcend geographical boundaries and time zones Dr.T.V.Rao MD 6
  7. 7. Computer enters the Class Room  With increasing prevalence of computers in and out of the classroom and the development of more sophisticated web-based tools, knowledge transfer is increasing going high-tech Dr.T.V.Rao MD 7
  8. 8. Foundation of Medical Education Medical education had as its foundation a combination of didactic instruction in the classroom and integrated, hands-on "Socratic Method" learning in the clinical setting. Dr.T.V.Rao MD 8
  9. 9. Medical Education Bogged with Problems Medical education, in India apart from several Developing Nations especially in the advances stages of training, has many unique problems such as the temporal and geographic distribution of students, residents, and the physician instructors. Further complications result from unpredictable schedules that are present in most areas of medicine leading to poorly attended or cancelled lectures. Dr.T.V.Rao MD 9
  10. 10. Didactic lectures The problems with traditional didactic lectures is that they often present information that targets one of the many learning style of the students involved. In addition, the time and resources required to deliver the material is high and often does not completely meet the needs of those who are participating Dr.T.V.Rao MD 10
  11. 11. Knowledge Transfer a Growing Challenge  Effective knowledge transfer is of paramount importance for the maintenance and advancement of our health care system Dr.T.V.Rao MD 11
  12. 12. E-learning is Multidimensional E-learning adds many dimensions to the educational process and if utilized well, has the potential to enhance both the students and instructors educational experience. Dr.T.V.Rao MD 12
  13. 13. Computer Technology Computer technology, more specifically web- based tools open the door for collaboration amongst students and teachers, the development of updated, web-based learning platforms that are easy to use from a student and a teacher prospective. Medical education is beginning to embrace a new modality of knowledge transfer e-learning. Web-based, multimedia learning platforms bring about numerous possibilities not easily met with traditional didactic instruction Dr.T.V.Rao MD 13
  14. 14. e-learning becomes Commercial Many companies producing medical technology offer product details online - sometimes combined with E-learning courses. Whereas the main focus lies on guides to using their devices, some medical further training classes can be found. Dr.T.V.Rao MD 14
  15. 15. e-learning helps in Interactive Skills  Centres on the production of interactive scenarios that allow trainees to develop and practice the key skills outlined in the curriculum by dealing with life-like cases. Trainees will make differential diagnoses and develop management plans to tackle these cases Dr.T.V.Rao MD 15
  16. 16. Newer learning becomes easier with e-learning The outcomes of the cases depend on the actions of trainees. These scenarios will also provide the opportunity for trainees to revise key concepts and gain essential new knowledge through linked interactive sessions. Dr.T.V.Rao MD 16
  17. 17. Internet can be Teacher ? The most demanding role for Internet lies on the availability of products/ services where the consumer led revolution has already made a considerable progress i.e. in the field of education. There are two scope of education learning – teaching and learning in other words training and educating. In a ordered education both has a role in a suitable proportion Dr.T.V.Rao MD 17
  18. 18. New technologies helps in easier Learning All the Medical Students having received basic information proceeds to flourish into self- learning and eventually understand with the ongoing process of exploration and discovery. Dr.T.V.Rao MD 18
  19. 19. e-learning overcomes the newer challenges in education  Demand for technical and professional education is rising with advent of the society to be prepared for the next century challenges of the universe. Evolution through adaptation or adoption of technology is the only successful answer for this preparation Dr.T.V.Rao MD 19
  20. 20. Pedagogy and Technology can be a right combination Pedagogy and technology always maintains a closed cycle between them. Sometimes pedagogy invents technology and sometimes uses it. Dr.T.V.Rao MD 20
  21. 21. Advantages of e-learning 1 Availability of more reliable and cheaper means. 2 Ensure the understanding or learning process. 3 Exploiting the available resources fully. 4. Incorporate with traditional way of teaching. 5 Make a conducive environment. 6. Pre-services, in-services and post services training and development strengthened to cover effective use of materials. Dr.T.V.Rao MD 21
  22. 22. Advantages of e-learning 7 Develop a participatory program approaches. 8 Easy Incorporation of commercial/ private players in the field. 9 Incorporation of Academics, Research Institutes, student representatives. 10 Flexibility in the e-learning programs like availability of special classes, assisting faculty, print materials and so on. Dr.T.V.Rao MD 22
  23. 23. PRESENT SCENERIO IN INDIA e-health resources Symbiosis center of Healthcare Pune has successfully implemented e- learning and is offering Post graduate courses in Medico-legal and Healthcare Management enabling e-learning doctors, nurses and other medical related professionals from all over the globe are currently able to get their Post Graduate Degree from the comfort of their own place Dr.T.V.Rao MD 23
  24. 24. GlaxoSmithKline GlaxoSmithKline has licensed part of Ingenuity Pathways Knowledge Base to facilitate genome-wide computational analysis of biological systems underlying diseases. There are lots of sources of biological content out there, but nothing is of the breadth (genome-scale) and quality (human curated information) of our offering Dr.T.V.Rao MD 24
  25. 25. WHO provides several resources in Health Information Development of various online medical libraries like WHO- discussion forum, Health Information of India providing Health Online Library. Dr.T.V.Rao MD 25
  26. 26. e-learning empowers Students and Teacher too… The use of multimedia coupled with the tracking of effectiveness and collaboration of both students and faculty leads to a platform that continues to evolve in both effectiveness and efficiency Dr.T.V.Rao MD 26
  27. 27. e-learning creates enthusiasm  e-learning has the advantage of being able to study apart from time and place and students are more enthusiastic about Dr.T.V.Rao MD 27
  28. 28. Poor infrastructure and quality of Teachers hampering the Medical Colleges In spite of the presence of all the regulatory mechanisms, barring few, most of the medical colleges across the country are grossly lacking competent teachers, well stocked library leave aside adequate teaching material Dr.T.V.Rao MD 28
  29. 29. Overcoming the Problems???  In order to bridge the knowledge gap few tertiary level academic medical institutions took interest in developing pilot studies by networking peripheral medical colleges with broad band satellite and ISDN link and providing need based educational content in an interactive videoconference mode Dr.T.V.Rao MD 29
  30. 30. India’s growing concern with Medical Education. The growing criticism that our medical colleges are producing graduates who are not well equipped to tackle the health car needs of the society While the graduates generally possess reasonably sound knowledge of medical science, they are often found deficient in the performance of clinical skills and problem-solving which form the core of clinical competence Dr.T.V.Rao MD 30
  31. 31. Our Curriculum stuffed with theoretical Ideas ??? The medical colleges in India have traditionally followed a curriculum stuffed with a large body of knowledge pertaining to basic science and clinical disciplines. Once qualified, students are expected to synthesise this information and apply it to the care of the patients. With the expanding body of knowledge, there is over-burdening of the student with the content information. Dr.T.V.Rao MD 31
  32. 32. Commercialisation of Medical Profession The commercialisation of medical profession is cited as a common reason for the dilution of quality, doubts have been raised regarding the quality of training. Dr.T.V.Rao MD 32
  33. 33. Can we solve the Problems in Medical Education The ultimate problem in medical education is a crisis of leadership. Until education is given a priority status and the obligations to teach on the part of medical educators and to learn on the part of students are translated into a creative policy by those who can lead, the wheels of learning will continue to spin without significant progress. Dr.T.V.Rao MD 33
  34. 34. e-learning can reduce the present crisis in Medical Education Formation, devolvement and updation of data material/ information available in continuation and progressive series for the use. Support to the flow and reception (ensure the best utilization) Taking continuous feedback and action accordingly for further improvement. Reduce the unit cost of education at a time of - expansion of educational opportunities. a more customized user-friendly form of learning. Dr.T.V.Rao MD 34
  35. 35. Government of India supports the Institutions with Information Technology Department of Information Technology and Indian Space Research Organisation of Government of India have now agreed in principle to support setting up a nation wide medical institution network in a phase wise manner. Dr.T.V.Rao MD 35
  36. 36. We can develop our own Educational Content We should be responsible for developing medical educational contents, hence, will be provided infrastructure for grabbing, editing and storing video materials in the digital format. The content will be shared by all the nodes connected in the network The network will enable to establish a virtual university as well as a digital library network among the participating medical institutions. Dr.T.V.Rao MD 36
  37. 37. Technology rules the World We are surrounded by technology; we can choose to resist it, or we can embrace it...I choose to embrace it! Barbara K. Smalla - Technology Support Specialist Dr.T.V.Rao MD 37
  38. 38. Indian Medical Colleges should create Own Digital Libraries A digital library is a library in which collections are stored in digital formats (as opposed to print, microform, or other media) and accessible by computers. The digital content may be stored locally, or accessed remotely via computer networks. A digital library is a type of information retrieval system Dr.T.V.Rao MD 38
  39. 39. www.medicalstudent.com The site introduces itself as “a digital library of authoritative medical information for all students of medicine.” It offers a starting point for medical resources on the world wide web by selecting representative websites, from scientific ones to the less academic. All the sites are selected by a process of peer review. The home page lacks images and is constructed as a structured list, divided in sections, each containing links to the selected websites. Dr.T.V.Rao MD 39
  40. 40.  The website also has a Medical Journal section and a Medical Organizations section, gathering links to many main journals and organisations, respectively, which are thought to be of interest to student If its online medical dictionaries, Internet directories or search engines that you want to find, this website provides you with some options for this as well. Dr.T.V.Rao MD 40
  41. 41. Podcasts are Educative  Podcasts enable students and teachers to share information with anyone anytime. If a student is absent, he or she can download the podcast of the recorded lesson. Teachers may also create podcasts to be used as a preparation tool for students. Dr.T.V.Rao MD 41
  42. 42. Your IPod is not just formusic but can be your Teacher Your I Pod is a great storage machine , you can carry thousands of Lectures by greatest teachers in the world. Your intelligent search is the limit Dr.T.V.Rao MD 42
  43. 43. Definition of Telemedicine ( WHO ) According to World Health Organisation, telemedicine is defined as, “The delivery of healthcare services, where distance is a critical factor, by all healthcare professionals using information and communication technologies for the exchange of valid information for diagnosis, treatment and prevention of disease and injuries, research and evaluation, and for continuing education of healthcare providers, all in the interests of advancing the health of individuals and their communities”. Dr.T.V.Rao MD 43
  44. 44. Telehealth and Telemedicine Telehealth is an expansion of telemedicine, and unlike telemedicine (which more narrowly focuses on the curative aspect) it encompasses preventive, promotive and curative aspects. Originally used to describe administrative or educational functions related to telemedicine, today telehealth stresses a myriad of technology solutions. For example, physicians use email to communicate with patients, order drug prescriptions and provide other health services. Dr.T.V.Rao MD 44
  45. 45. Telehealth  Telehealth is the delivery of health-related services and information via telecommunications technologies. Telehealth delivery could be as simple as two health professionals discussing a case over the telephone, or as sophisticated as using videoconferencing between providers at facilities in two countries, or even as complex as robotic technology. Dr.T.V.Rao MD 45
  46. 46. Telemedicine Telemedicine is a rapidly developing application of clinical medicine where medical information is transferred through interactive audiovisual media for the purpose of consulting, and sometimes remote medical procedures or examinations. Dr.T.V.Rao MD 46
  47. 47. Clinical uses of telehealth technologies Transmission of medical images for diagnosis (often referred to as store and forward telehealth) Groups or individuals exchanging health services or education live via videoconference (real-time telehealth) Transmission of medical data for diagnosis or disease management (sometimes referred to as remote monitoring) Advice on prevention of diseases and promotion of good health by patient monitoring and followup. Health advice by telephone in emergent cases (referred to as teletriage) Dr.T.V.Rao MD 47
  48. 48. Nonclinical uses of telehealth technologies Distance education including continuing medical education, grand rounds, and patient education Administrative uses including meetings among telehealth networks, supervision, and presentations research on telehealth Online Information and health data management healthcare system integration Dr.T.V.Rao MD 48
  49. 49. Nonclinical uses of telehealth technologies Healthcare system integration asset identification, listing, and patient to Asset matching, and movement. Overall healthcare system management Patient movement and remote admission Dr.T.V.Rao MD 49
  50. 50. Development of Telemedicine Technology The Ministry of Communications and Information Technology, Government of India, has classified "Telemedicine" as one of the thrust areas for development in the country. In sync with the policy, the Government initiated a project called "Development of Telemedicine Technology". Dr.T.V.Rao MD 50
  51. 51. Telemedicine of ISRO’s is one of the Best in the World Dr.T.V.Rao MD 51
  52. 52. What is a DIGITAL LIBRARY? No single, all-encompassing answer Several perspectives  from different communities - different agendas Little communication among them Coherent, integrating concept, approach not yet emerged Complex problems in any approach  Many experiments; many experts & “experts” Highly exiting & volatile area Dr.T.V.Rao MD 52
  53. 53. How digital libraries work Digital libraries hold metadata records, and sometimes primary content Have a defined scope of content, intended audience Metadata describes the resource content, the intended user audience, resource type and other characteristics Search over metadata and/or primary content to retrieve information about and links to relevant resources Dr.T.V.Rao MD 53
  54. 54. Research perspective"Digital libraries are organized collections of digital information. They combine the structuring and gathering of information, which libraries and archives have always done, with the digital representation that computers have made possible.” Lesk, 1997“Digital library is a managed collection of information, with associated services, where information is stored in digital formats and accessible over a network.” Arms, 2000 Dr.T.V.Rao MD 54
  55. 55. Advantages: Why digital libraries? Access: brings library to users  always available; better and wider delivery  many libraries now possible to use Sharing: information resources; linking Timeliness: easier to keep current Dr.T.V.Rao MD 55
  56. 56. Learning becomes personal  Searching, browsing: use of computer power  Information resources: new forms possible  Services: new & new forms possible  Costs: may save effort, money Dr.T.V.Rao MD 56
  57. 57. India awaiting Digital Revolution Dr.T.V.Rao MD 57
  58. 58. e-book can replace old Textbooks An e-book (short for electronic book and also known as a digital book, eBook, and eBook) is an e-text that forms the digital media equivalent of a conventional printed book, sometimes restricted with a digital rights management system E-books are usually read on dedicated hardware devices known as e-Readers or i pad or Android based tablets Dr.T.V.Rao MD 58
  59. 59.  Created by Dr.T.V.Rao MD for benefit of Medial Administrators and Medical Professionals in INDIA Email doctortvrao@gmail.com Dr.T.V.Rao MD 59

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