EURODOC Survey I: Situation of Doctoral Candidates and Early Stage Researchers in Europe

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EURODOC Survey I: Situation of Doctoral Candidates and Early Stage Researchers in Europe

  1. 1. Eurodoc European Summit<br />for Early Stage Researchers <br />“EURODOC Survey I: Situation of<br />Doctoral Candidates and Early Stage Researchers in Europe”<br />September 30, 2011<br />Julia Tomas, Karoline Hollaender<br />
  2. 2. Key Issues for Early Stage Researchers<br />Eurodoc Survey I – the Development<br />
  3. 3. Key Issues for Early Stage Researchers<br />
  4. 4. Career Path<br /><ul><li> Reasons for doing a doctorate?
  5. 5. Where to go afterwards?
  6. 6. Clear career tracks?
  7. 7. Employability</li></li></ul><li>Funding<br /><ul><li> Working contract or scholarship?
  8. 8. Funding at all?
  9. 9. Does funding meet living costs?</li></li></ul><li>Training & Supervision<br /><ul><li> Access to training
  10. 10. Level of competencies before and after
  11. 11. Supervision satisfactory
  12. 12. Clear roles in supervision</li></li></ul><li>Working Conditions<br /><ul><li> Minimum and maximum time to </li></ul> complete a doctorate<br /><ul><li> Ability to use own findings
  13. 13. Rights to maternity/ paternity leave
  14. 14. Pressure to postpone having children</li></li></ul><li>Academic Work<br /><ul><li> How is time spent in research?
  15. 15. Publications (how many are possible?)
  16. 16. Visiting national/ international </li></ul> conferences<br /><ul><li> Teaching
  17. 17. Other duties?</li></li></ul><li>Mobility<br /><ul><li> Reasons for being mobile
  18. 18. Barriers to mobility
  19. 19. Access to funding for being mobile</li></li></ul><li><ul><li>… and many more</li></li></ul><li>Eurodoc Survey I – the Development<br />
  20. 20. The Eurodoc Survey its History & Preparatory Phase<br /><ul><li> Preparation of online survey between 2005 and </li></ul> 2008 via mailing list and at EURODOC <br /> annual conferences<br /><ul><li> Discussions - meetings (in person and by </li></ul> telephone): Harald Schomburg (INCHER Kassel) <br /> and Max Reinhardt<br /><ul><li> Launched 9th December 2008
  21. 21. Stayed online until 31st May 2009</li></li></ul><li>The Project Timeframe<br /><ul><li> Launched 9th December 2008
  22. 22. Stayed online until 31st May 2009
  23. 23. Creation of EURODOC Survey Expert </li></ul> Group in Eurodoc Annual Conference 2009, <br /> Banská Bystrica, Slovakia, March 2009<br /><ul><li> Meeting of Eurodoc Internal Expert Group, </li></ul> 27th August 2009, Berlin<br /><ul><li> Cleaning & Analysing Data, </li></ul> September/October 2009<br /><ul><li> First report (preparation & editing), </li></ul> November 2009 by Eurodoc Internal Expert Group<br />
  24. 24. The Project Timeframe<br /><ul><li> Report was sent to the speakers of Eurodoc </li></ul> Survey Expert Workshop<br /><ul><li> Eurodoc Survey Expert Workshop, 27th-28th</li></ul> November 2009, Bonn, Germany (first official <br /> presentation of the outcomes on the basis of <br /> the first report)<br /><ul><li> Eurodoc Annual Conference April 2011: </li></ul> 2nd draft report<br /><ul><li>Publication and dissemination of the report </li></ul> September 2011<br />
  25. 25. Eurodoc Survey I - Basic Information <br />Eurodoc Survey on the Situation of Doctoral Candidates in Europe<br /><ul><li> Is the first European-wide survey of doctoral researchers on this scale
  26. 26. Is an online survey (programmed with software “QTAFI” by INCHER)
  27. 27. Succeeded in activating the participation of 8900 doctoral candidates from about 30 countries.</li></li></ul><li>Eurodoc Survey I - Basic Information <br /><ul><li> Conducted in cooperation with the International Centre for Higher Education Research (INCHER), University of Kassel
  28. 28. Attempted to address to key questions that remained unanswered and are raised also by the European Charter for Researchers: </li></ul>What is the real situation concerning current employment conditions, social benefits and working conditions for doctoral candidates? <br />Where are the real differences between countries, cultures and models of doctoral education and what can we learn from them? <br />
  29. 29. Main Objectives: Topics<br />Academic/employment status<br />Doctoral experience<br />Overall working conditions<br />Economic aspects of working and conditions offered at the doctoral stage<br />Scientific mobility<br />Scientific activities<br />Future prospects<br />Socio-demographic indicators<br />
  30. 30. Main Objectives: Stakeholders<br /><ul><li>Institutional staff</li></ul>Doctoral candidates<br />Junior/senior researchers<br />Professors<br />Institutional heads<br /><ul><li>Government</li></ul>Policy makers<br />Funding agencies<br /><ul><li>Business enterprises</li></li></ul><li>Further Structure of the Session<br /><ul><li> “Funding the Early Stage Research: the Diversification of Actors”
  31. 31. “Working Conditions: State of the Art”
  32. 32. “Geographical and Inter-sectorialMobility”
  33. 33. Comments and questions from the panel-speakers
  34. 34. Questions from the Audience </li></li></ul><li>Eurodoc European Summit<br />for Early Stage Researchers<br />EURODOC Survey I:<br />Funding the Early Stage Research<br />September 30, 2011<br />Julia Tomas<br />
  35. 35. Questions<br />Findings<br />Interpretation Possibilities<br />
  36. 36. Questions – Part C – Funding <br />
  37. 37. Questions<br />C1. Do you/ did you receive any funding <br /> (income as salary or scholarship) for <br /> your doctorate?<br />C2. To what extent does your level of <br /> doctoral funding meet your living costs?<br />C3. For how long was your funding arranged <br /> at the start of your doctorate?<br />C4. Will it be possible to prolong the funding <br /> arranged at the start of your doctorate?<br />
  38. 38. Findings – Part C – Funding <br />
  39. 39. C1. Do you/ did you receive any funding (income as salary or scholarship) for your doctorate?<br />* N=6770, valid percentages, valid n. Source: Eurodoc data set (December 2010)<br />
  40. 40. C2. To what extent does your level of doctoral funding meet your living costs?<br />* N=5563, valid percentages, valid n. Source: Eurodoc data set (December 2010)<br />
  41. 41. C3. For how long was your funding arranged at the start of your doctorate?<br />* N=4938, valid percentages, valid n. Source: Eurodoc data set (December 2010)<br />
  42. 42. C4. Will it be possible to prolong the funding arranged at the start of your doctorate? (part I – possibility)<br />* N=5536, valid percentages, valid n. Source: Eurodoc data set (December 2010)<br />
  43. 43. C4. Will it be possible to prolong the funding arranged at the start of your doctorate? (part II – for how long?)<br />* N=1947, valid percentages, valid n. Source: Eurodoc data set (December 2010)<br />
  44. 44. Interpretation – Part C – Funding <br />
  45. 45. Interpretation<br />A high proportion of doctoral candidates still work on their research without receiving appropriate funding. <br />Regularly, the existing national funding systems are not of substance, thus not making it possible to make a living out of it. <br />Often, existing funding schemes do not last as long as the time required by doctorate candidates to finish their doctorates (thesis).<br />In most countries candidates can prolong the funding of their doctorates for at least up to one year. <br />
  46. 46. Conclusion/ Outlook – Part C – Funding <br />
  47. 47. Conclusion/ Outlook<br />Further Research Ideas:<br />To study the relations existing between <br />Respondents’ field of research, <br />Contract type, and <br />The extent to which any funding received matched their living costs.<br />
  48. 48. Eurodoc European Summit<br />for Early Stage Researchers<br />EURODOC Survey I: <br />Working Conditions<br />September 30, 2011<br />Karoline Hollaender<br />
  49. 49. Questions<br />Findings<br />Interpretation<br />
  50. 50. Questions – Part E – Working Conditions <br />
  51. 51. Questions<br />E2. Is there a maximum allowed time for completing your doctorate?<br />E3. Are you prevented by your supervisor or the university from using findings you have produced during your doctorate?<br />E5. To what extent do you feel disadvantaged in your academic career because of your gender?<br />E6. Do you have a right to maternity/ paternity leave?<br />
  52. 52. Questions<br />E7. Would you be paid during maternity/paternity leave?<br />E8. Would your contract be put on hold during the maternity/paternity leave?<br />E9. To what extent are you discouraged from taking maternity/ paternity leave?<br />E10. To what extent are you pressured to postpone having children?<br />
  53. 53. Findings – Part E – Working Conditions <br />
  54. 54. E2. Is there a maximum allowed time for completing your doctorate?<br />* N= 6351, valid percentages, valid n. Source: Eurodoc data set (December 2010)<br />
  55. 55. E3. Are you prevented by your supervisor or the university from using findings you have produced during you doctorate?<br />* N= 6399, valid percentages, valid n. Source: Eurodoc data set (December 2010)<br />
  56. 56. E5. To what extent do you feel disadvantaged in your academic career because of your gender?<br />* N= 5887, valid percentages, valid n. Source: Eurodoc data set (December 2010)<br />
  57. 57. E6. Do you have a right to maternity/ paternity leave?<br />* N= 5879, valid percentages, valid n. Source: Eurodoc data set (December 2010)<br />
  58. 58. E7. Would you be paid during maternity/paternity leave?<br />* N= 5570, valid percentages, valid n. Source: Eurodoc data set (December 2010)<br />
  59. 59. E8. Would your contract be put on hold during the maternity/paternity leave?<br />* N= 5136, valid percentages, valid n. Source: Eurodoc data set (December 2010)<br />
  60. 60. E9. To what extent are you discouraged from taking maternity/paternity leave?<br />* N= 4831, valid percentages, valid n. Source: Eurodoc data set (December 2010)<br />
  61. 61. E10. To what extent are you pressured to postpone having children?<br />* N= 4724, valid percentages, valid n. Source: Eurodoc data set (December 2010)<br />
  62. 62. Interpretation – Part E – Working Conditions <br />
  63. 63. Interpretation<br />In nearly all of the 12 countries, respondents have a time frame with a specific amount of maximum time for completing their doctorate. <br />Although the Charter & Code refers to it in its “Contractual and legal obligations”, a relatively large proportion of doctoral candidates do not have the right to use their own findings.<br />Not only women feel disadvantaged in academia because of their gender.<br />
  64. 64. Interpretation<br />Large differences exist across countries concerning the possibility to put a contract on hold while being with a maternity/paternity leave of absence. <br />It is in the most well-known “family friendly” countries that, according to report’s findings, the pressure to postpone having children seems to be the highest. <br />Yet, a majority of young researchers coming from Scandinavian countries declares feeling pressured to postpone having children.<br />
  65. 65. Conclusion/ Outlook – Part E <br />– Working Conditions <br />
  66. 66. Conclusion/ Outlook<br />Further Research Ideas:<br />Cross-reference respondents answers on “permission to use own findings” with “field of science” to observe the differences according to participants area of research.<br />The paradigm, that both men and women feel as if they are being discriminated in academia as a result of gender could be further studied.<br />The relation between attending a structured doctoral programme and the existence of a maximum of time for degree completion could be analysed.<br />
  67. 67. Eurodoc European Summit<br />for Early Stage Researchers<br />EURODOC Survey I:<br />Geographical and Inter-sectorial Mobility<br />September 30, 2011<br />SnežanaKrstić<br />
  68. 68. Questions<br />Findings<br />Interpretation<br />
  69. 69. Questions – Part G – Mobility<br />
  70. 70. Questions<br />G1. During your course of study before your doctorate: Did you spend any time abroad for study?<br />G2. To what extent are you interested in going abroad with regard to your doctorate for the following reasons? (Data collection for research, research project, doctoral programme courses, joint degree courses, finishing dissertation, etc.)<br />G5. Are/ were you pursuing your doctorate abroad?<br />G6. Are/ were you receiving any additional funding for your doctorate abroad?<br />
  71. 71. Questions<br />G7. If you are/ were receiving funding for pursuing your doctorate abroad, was it difficult to get?<br />G8. Please tick the most important sources (up to three sources) of funding your doctorate abroad. <br />G10. Do you intend to move abroad or stay abroad for work related purposes after you finish your doctorate?<br />G12. How important are the following motivational reasons for your mobility? (Better financial conditions, better research facilities, better career prospects, etc.)<br />
  72. 72. Questions<br />Inter-sectorial Mobility:<br />A5. Please mention any unemployment/ work/ maternity/ paternity experience between your previous degree and the beginning of your doctoral research. <br />B1.What is your current employment situation as a doctoral researcher?<br />B7. In which sector would you want to work after finishing your doctorate?<br />
  73. 73. Findings – Part G – Mobility<br />
  74. 74. G1. During your course of study before your doctorate: Did you spend any time abroad for study?<br />* N= 6017, valid percentages, valid n. Source: Eurodoc data set (December 2010)<br />
  75. 75. G2. To what extent are you interested in going abroad with regard to your doctorate for the following reasons? (part I)<br />* N= 5764, valid percentages, valid n. Source: Eurodoc data set (December 2010)<br />
  76. 76. G2. To what extent are you interested in going abroad with regard to your doctorate for the following reasons? (part II)<br />* N= 5825, valid percentages, valid n. Source: Eurodoc data set (December 2010)<br />
  77. 77. G5. Are/ were you pursuing your doctorate abroad?<br />* N= 4528, valid percentages, valid n. Source: Eurodoc data set (December 2010)<br />
  78. 78. G6. Are/ were you receiving any additional funding for your doctorate abroad?<br />* N= 984, valid percentages, valid n. Source: Eurodoc data set (December 2010)<br />
  79. 79. G7. If you are/ were receiving funding for pursuing your doctorate abroad, was it difficult to get?<br />* N= 954 ,valid percentages, valid n. Source: Eurodoc data set (December 2010)<br />
  80. 80. G8. Please tick the most important sources (up to three sources) of funding your doctorate abroad. (part I)<br />* N= 1688, valid percentages, valid n. Source: Eurodoc data set (December 2010)<br />
  81. 81. G8. Please tick the most important sources (up to three sources) of funding your doctorate abroad. (part II)<br />* N= 1688, valid percentages, valid n. Source: Eurodoc data set (December 2010)<br />
  82. 82. G10. Do you intend to move abroad or stay abroad for work related purposes after you finish your doctorate?<br />* N= 5830, valid percentages, valid n. Source: Eurodoc data set (December 2010)<br />
  83. 83. G12. How important are the following motivational reasons for your mobility? (part I)<br />* N= 4376, valid percentages, valid n. Source: Eurodoc data set (December 2010)<br />
  84. 84. G12. How important are the following motivational reasons for your mobility? (part II)<br />* N= 4376, valid percentages, valid n. Source: Eurodoc data set (December 2010)<br />
  85. 85. A5. Please mention any unemployment/ work/ maternity/ paternity experience between your previous degree and the beginning of your doctoral research. (part I)<br />* N= 5898, valid percentages, valid n. Source: Eurodoc data set (December 2010)<br />
  86. 86. A5. Please mention any unemployment/ work/ maternity/ paternity experience between your previous degree and the beginning of your doctoral research. (part II)<br />* N= 5898, valid percentages, valid n. Source: Eurodoc data set (December 2010)<br />
  87. 87. B1.What is your current employment situation as a doctoral researcher? (part I)<br />* N= 7031, valid percentages, valid n. Source: Eurodoc data set (December 2010)<br />
  88. 88. B1.What is your current employment situation as a doctoral researcher? (part II)<br />* N= 7031, valid percentages, valid n. Source: Eurodoc data set (December 2010)<br />
  89. 89. B7. In which sector would you want to work after finishing your doctorate?<br />* N= 6737, valid percentages, valid n. Source: Eurodoc data set (December 2010)<br />
  90. 90. Interpretation – Part G – Mobility<br />
  91. 91. Interpretation<br />The majority of students (G1) and of doctoral candidates (G5) are still not going abroad.<br />The motivational reasons for going abroad are quite clear and focused (G2).<br />One of the reasons may be that there is not enough funding available (G6). And when available, it is difficult to get (G7).<br />Transparency and availability of exchange programmes (G8) should be increased on the national and international level to foster mobility effectively. <br />
  92. 92. Interpretation<br />Inter-sectorial Mobility:<br />The majority does not have work experience. Those, who have worked have mainly experience in the research sector. Another important proportion has worked in other sectors (private or public non-research sector).<br />Most doctoral candidates are either employed in the academic sector or have a doctoral scholarship. <br />Most doctoral candidates would like to work in one of the research related sectors (B7).<br />
  93. 93. Conclusion/ Outlook – Part G - Mobility<br />
  94. 94. Conclusion/ Outlook<br />Further Research Ideas:<br />Analysis could be done about which proportion of doctoral funding (employment contracts or scholarships) is paid by industry or other private/ public sectors. <br />Exploration of inter-sectorial mobility patterns, including respondents’ current situation, interest and perceived possibilities for developing a career.<br />A comparison with the work-experience before the doctorate and the perceived career opportunities after the doctorate.<br />
  95. 95. Thank you<br />For more information: <br />www.eurodoc.net<br />or contact us at:<br />surveys@eurodoc.net  <br />board@eurodoc.net<br />

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