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Head and Neck Arteries

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Any dental board exam will ask about the head and neck arteries. Here is a quick study aid to help you memorize them.

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Head and Neck Arteries

  1. 1. CAROTID ARTERY – Left comes directly off Aortic Arch. Right comes off Brachiocephalic trunk. INTERNAL CAROTID ARTERY CERVICAL PORTION PETROUS PORTION PTERYGOID ARTERY / VIDIAN ARTERY Upper pharynx, auditory tube and tympanic cavity. CAROTICOTYMPANIC Tympanic cavity LACERUM PORTION CAVERNOUS PORTION CAPSULAR BRANCHES Wall of Cavernous Sinus INFERIOLATERAL TRUNK Gasserian ganglion,trigeminal ganglion, foamen rotundum and III, IV, VI MENINGEAL Meninges of anterior cranial fossa INFERIOR HYPOPHYSEAL Pituitary Gland CLINOID PORTION OPTHALMIC PORTION OPTHALMIC ORBITAL LACRIMAL – Lacrimal Gland RECURRENT - Meninges
  2. 2. ZYGOMATIC – Temporal fossa and cheek LATERAL PALPEBRAL – Eyelids and conjunctiva MEDIAL PALPEBRAL – Eyelids and conjunctiva SUPRA ORBITAL – Upper eyelid, forehead, frontal sinus, scalp. POSTERIOR ETHMOIDAL ANTERIOR ETHMOIDAL INTERNAL PALPEBRAL - Eyelids FRONTAL / SUPRATROCHLEAR – Forehead and muscles DORSAL NASAL – Lacrimal sac and nose OCULAR - Eye Ball LONG POSTERIOR CILIARY – Iris and ciliary body SHORT POSTERIOR CILIARY - Ciliary body ANTERIOR CILIARY – Conjunctiva and sclera CENTRAL RETINAL - Retina MUSCULAR ARTERY – Eye muscles SUPERIOR HYPOPHYSEAL Pituitary Gland COMMUNICATING PORTION POSTERIOR COMMUNICATING - Part of Circle of Willits ANTERIOR CEREBRAL MID CEREBRAL ANTERIOR CHOROID – Optic chiasm and optic tractEXTERNAL CAROTID ARTERY - Neck, larynx, pharynx and scalp
  3. 3. SUPERFICIAL TEMPORAL – Terminal Branch ANTERIOR AURICULAR – Ear and ear lobe. TRANSVERSE FACIAL – Masseter muscle, Parotid gland and duct. FRONTAL – Frontal scalp PARIETAL – Parietal scalp. MIDDLE TEMPORAL – Temporalis muscle. ZYGOMATICO-ORBITAL – Obicularis oculi.MAXILLARY – Terminal Branch FIRST POSITION (MANDIBULAR) DEEP AURICULAR – Outer surface of tympanic membrane and TMJ. FIRST POSITION (MANDIBULAR) ANTERIOR TYMPANIC – Tympanic membrane FIRST POSITION (MANDIBULAR) MANDIBULAR MYLOHYOID ARTERY - Before foramen, Mylohyoid muscle INFERIOR ALVEOLAR ARTERY MENTAL ARTERY – Mental Foramen FIRST POSITION (MANDIBULAR) MIDDLE MENINGEAL ARTERY FIRST POSITION (MANDIBULAR) ACCESSORY MENINGEAL ARTERY SECOND POSITION (PTERYGOID) MASSETERIC ARTERY – Masseter muscle. SECOND POSITION (PTERYGOID) PTERYGOID ARTERIES – Lateral and medial pterygoid muscles. SECOND POSITION (PTERYGOID) DEEP TEMPORAL ARTERY – Anterior and Posterior branches SECOND POSITION (PTERYGOID) BUCCAL ARTERY – Buccinator muscle. THIRD POSITION (PTERYGOPALATINE)
  4. 4. SPHENOPALATINE (NASOPALATINE) ARTERY Posterior lateral nasal Posterior septal artery THIRD POSITION (PTERYGOPALATINE) DESCENDING PALATINE ARTERY Greater palatine artery – Hard palate Lesser palatine artery – Soft palate THIRD POSITION (PTERYGOPALATINE) INFRAORBITAL ARTERY – Lower eyelid, side of nose, upper lip. ANTERIOR SUPERIOR ALVEOLAR MIDDLE SUPERIOR ALVEOLAR ORBITAL ARTERY – Eye muscles, lacrimal sac THIRD POSITION (PTERYGOPALATINE) POSTERIOR SUPERIOR ALVEOLAR ARTERY THIRD POSITION (PTERYGOPALATINE) PTERYGOID ARTERY / VIDIAN ARTERY - Upper pharynx, auditorytube and tympanic cavity. THIRD POSITION (PTERYGOPALATINE) PHARYNGEAL ARTERY – Upper pharynx and auditory tube. SUPERIOR THYROID GLANDULAR – Thyroid gland and its muscles. HYOID STERNOCLEIDOMASTOID SUPERIOR LARYNGEAL – Muscles, mucous membranes of larynx. CRICOTHYROID ASCENDING PHARYNGEAL MENINGEAL
  5. 5. PHARYNGEAL – Muscles of pharynx and palate. INFERIOR TYMPANIC – Middle ear. Medial wall of tympanic cavityLINGUAL HYOID – Muscles of hyoid SUBLINGUAL – Sublingual gland. DEEP LINGUAL - Tongue DORSAL LINGUAL – Back of dorsum of tongue. Pillars of fauces.FACIAL ASCENDING PALATINE – Palate and palatine tonsil. TONSILAR – Palatine tonsil and root of the tongue. SUBMANDIBULAR – Submandibular gland. SUBMENTAL – Chin, lower lip and muscles ANGULAR – Terminal branch. Lacrimal sac and obicularis oculi. SUPERIOR LABIAL – Upper nose, upper lip, nasal septum. INFERIOR LABIAL – Lower lip muscles, glands, mucous membranes.OCCIPITAL – Back of scalp and Sternocleidomastoid muscle.POSTERIOR AURICULAR – Ear and scalp behind ear.

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