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Unit 6 science

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Unit 6 science

  1. 1. By Andrés Fernández Expósito 6ºA
  2. 2. 1. Health and ilness  Your health is a state of physical, mental and social well-being. General practitioner Medical specialist • Dermatologist, cardiologist…
  3. 3. Types of ilnesses Ilnesses Infectious Non- infectious
  4. 4. 2. Infectious diseases  Bateria, viruses, protozoans and fungi are common microorganisms. Some of then are not harmful to humans, but others can cause infectious diseases.  Bacteria: (Tuberculosis, tetanus, salmonellosis) Antibiotics.  Viruses: (Flu, measles, rubella, AIDS) Antiviral medicines.  Protozoans: (Malaria, cholera) Anti-protist medicines.  Fungi: (Diseases of skin, hair and nails) Antifungal medicines.
  5. 5. How are infectious diseases transmited? Personal contact Droplet contact Contaminated objects Animal carriers Consumption of contaminated food Consumption of contaminated water
  6. 6. 3. Preventing infectious diseases  To prevent infectious diseases, we must keep healthy lifestyle habits and follow a schedule of vaccinations. Wash your hands Brush yor teeth Clean cuts Keep your pets healthy don’t walk barefoot
  7. 7. Vaccines  A vaccine is a substance that contains weak or dead microorganisms. These organisms can’t make you ill, but they help your body to resist the same disease in the future.
  8. 8. 4. Preventing non-infectious diseases Balanced diet Regular exercise 8-10 hours of sleep Follow road safety rules Accept and respest your self Express your feelings appropriately Accept and respect other people