The Modern Age began with the discovery of the American continent in 1492, and ended with the French Revolution in 1789. International commerce increased when more people began travelling to other countries around the world. The first banks accumulated money. The first modern factories appeared, with new machines and other technology.During the Modern Age, society was divided into three groups: Nobility. Clergy. Commoners.
European monarchies became more powerful, dominating the nobility and unifying their kingdoms. The Modern Age was a time of religious intolerance and conflict. European Christians divided into two different groups: Catholics. Protestants.
The scientific method was established. The printing press made it easier for people to share ideas about science and culture.During this time, technical advances changed people’s daily lives, especially in the 18th century, the Age of Reason.
The Modern Age began with the reign of the Catholic kings: Isabel I of Castilla and Fernando II of Aragón. United their kingdoms to form one dynasty. Increased their power and created a modern state. Were intolerant toward other religions, Jews and Muslims. Conquered new territories. Gave money to Columbus for the journey in which he discovered America.
In the 16th and 17th centuries, Spain was ruled by the Habsburg dynasty. The dynasty began with Carlos, the grandson of the Catholic Kings.The next Habsburg kings were Felipe III, Felipe IV and Carlos II. They had many problems because there was an economic crisis in Europe. They also had conflicts with other counties , like England and France.
When king Carlos II died in 1700, the War of Succession began, to decide who would be the new king. Spain los power in Europe, and a new dynasty replaced the Habsburgs : the Bourbon dynasty.The first Bourbon king was Felipe V, who ruled with absolute power.The next kings were Fernando VI and Carlos III.
The main artistic styles of the Modern Age were the Renaissance, Baroque and Neoclassical styles.
At the beginning of the 16th century, the most important painter in Spain was el Greco. In Spanish literature, Santa Teresa de Jesús and Garcilaso de la Vega. 17th century is called the Golden Age of Spanish art and literature. There were great painters, like Ribera, Murillo and Velázquez. In literature, Quevedo, Góngora, Lope de Vega, Calderón de la Barca and Miguel de Cervantes. During the 18th century, Goya.