BY: BEATRIZ GARCIA MURCIA 6ºB E.P SAN JORGE 2012
HEALTH AND ILLNESS Your health is a state of pyshical,mental and social well- being.illnesses are health problems that affect your body´s organs. Health profesionals: A general practioner (or GP) is a doctor who treats the most common, everyday illnesses. A medical specialist is a doctor who treats specific illnesses. For example, a dermatologist treats skin….etc. People usually go to hospital if they have a medical emergency
Types of illnessesThe illnesses can classify into two groups: Infectious diseases are caused by microorganisms.examples:are influenza(or flu),measles and chicken pox. Non-infectious diseases aren´t caused by microorganinsms.like al,allergies,obesity,malnutrition,subtances abuse and mentall illness.
Infectious diseasesBacteria,viruses,protozoans and fungi are common microorganisms.Some ofthem are not harmful to humans,but others can cause infectious diseases.1. Bacteria can cause diseases like tuberculosis,tetanus or salmonellosis. We can treat some bacterial infections with medicines called antibiotics.2. Viruses are harmmful to human beings. Like: flu,measles,rubella and AIDS.3. Protozoans can cause serious infections like malaria, cholera and amoebic dysentery.4. Fungi cause diseases of the skin,hair and nails like a athlete´s foot. Viruse of AIDS Fungi in the foot
How are infectious diseases transmited?1. By presonal contact.2. By dropletcontact3. By contact with contamined objects.4. By animal carries.For example some mosquitoes carry bacteria that cause malaria.5. By consumption of contaminated food.6. By consumption of cantaminated water.Cochlera,hepatitis and dysentery.
Preventings infectious diseasesHEALTH LIFESTYLE HABITS1. Wash your hands2. Brush your teeth3. Clean cuts4. Keep your pets healthy5. Wash raw fruits and vegetables6. Don´t walk barefoot at public swimming pools or gyms.
VaccinesA vaccine is a substance that contains weak or deadmicroorganisms. These microorganisms can´t make you ill,but they help your body to resist the same disease in thefuture.When a doctor gives you a vaccination, the microorganisms inthe vaccine can´t hurt you. These microorganisms are weak ordead, but your body produces special substances calledantibodies, your body will produce the same antibodies againto defend itself.
Preventings non-infectiousdiseases1. Eat balanced diet2. Try to do regular exercise3. Try to get 8-10 hours of sleep every nigth4. Always follow road safety rules5. Try to accept and respect yourself and your body,and learn to express your feelings appropriately6. Try to accept and respect other people