Your health is a state of physical, mental and social well-being. Illnesses are health
problems that affect your body´s organs.
HEALTH AND ILLNESS
Health professionals and services can help us to stay healthy.
@ A general practitioner (or GP) is a doctor who treats the most common,
@ A medical specialist is a doctor who treats specific illnesses.
@ People usually go to hospital if they have a medical emergency. They can also go
there for test and medical treatments.
Illnesses have specific
symtoms, like fever,
pain or coughing. A doctor makes diagnosis
The proper treatment can
relive the symptoms and
maybe cure the illness.
TYPES OF ILLNESSES
Infectious diseases are caused
include allergies, obesity,
malnutrion, substance abuse
and mental illness.
Bacteria virus, protozoan and fungi are common microorganism.
Some of them are not harmful to humans, but others can cause
Bacteria can cause diseases like tuberculosis, tetanus or
salmonellosis. We can treat some bacterial infections with
Viruses are harmful. They cause flu, measles, rubella and AIDS. We
can treat some viruses with antiviral medicines.
Protozoans cause malaria, cholera and amoebic. We can reeat some
of these with anti-protist medicines.
Fungi cause diseases of the skin, hair and nail. Athelete´s foot is a
common example. We treats it with antifungal (or antimycotic)
PREVENTING INFECTIOUS DISEASES
HEALTHY LIFESTYLE HABITS
To prevent infectious diseases, we must keep healthy lifestyle
habits and follow a schedule of vaccinations.
A vaccine is a substance that
contains weak or dead
microorganism can´t make you ill,
but they help your body to resist
the same disease in the future.
Your body produces special
substances called antibodies.
Wash your hands
Brush your teeth
Keep your pets healthy
Wash raw fruits and
Don´t walk barefoot
PREVENTING NON-INFECTIOUS DISEASES
Have a balanced diet. Do regular exercise. Get 8-10 hours of sleep.
Follow road safety rules.
Accept and respect yourself
and express your feelings
Accept and respect