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Health and illness ana

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Health and illness ana

  1. 1. Your health is a state of physical, mental and social well-being. Illnesses are health problems that affect your body´s organs. HEALTH AND ILLNESS Health professionals and services can help us to stay healthy. @ A general practitioner (or GP) is a doctor who treats the most common, everyday illnesses. @ A medical specialist is a doctor who treats specific illnesses. @ People usually go to hospital if they have a medical emergency. They can also go there for test and medical treatments. Illnesses have specific symtoms, like fever, pain or coughing. A doctor makes diagnosis The proper treatment can relive the symptoms and maybe cure the illness.
  2. 2. TYPES OF ILLNESSES Infectious diseases are caused by microorganism. Non-infectious diseases include allergies, obesity, malnutrion, substance abuse and mental illness. Animal carriers
  3. 3. INFECTIOUS DISEASES Bacteria virus, protozoan and fungi are common microorganism. Some of them are not harmful to humans, but others can cause infectious diseases.  Bacteria can cause diseases like tuberculosis, tetanus or salmonellosis. We can treat some bacterial infections with antibiotics.  Viruses are harmful. They cause flu, measles, rubella and AIDS. We can treat some viruses with antiviral medicines.  Protozoans cause malaria, cholera and amoebic. We can reeat some of these with anti-protist medicines.  Fungi cause diseases of the skin, hair and nail. Athelete´s foot is a common example. We treats it with antifungal (or antimycotic) medicines.
  5. 5. PREVENTING INFECTIOUS DISEASES HEALTHY LIFESTYLE HABITS To prevent infectious diseases, we must keep healthy lifestyle habits and follow a schedule of vaccinations. VACCINES A vaccine is a substance that contains weak or dead microorganism. These microorganism can´t make you ill, but they help your body to resist the same disease in the future. Your body produces special substances called antibodies. Wash your hands Brush your teeth Clean cuts Keep your pets healthy Wash raw fruits and vegetables Don´t walk barefoot
  6. 6. PREVENTING NON-INFECTIOUS DISEASES Have a balanced diet. Do regular exercise. Get 8-10 hours of sleep. Follow road safety rules. Accept and respect yourself and express your feelings appropriately. Accept and respect other people