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MOOCs and the Flipped Classroom; A Way, Not THE Way

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MOOCs and the Flipped Classroom; A Way, Not THE Way

  1. 1. MOOCS  and  the  “Flipped  Classroom”  like  with  PBL  and  TBL;  are  SOME   strategies  that  we  can  use  as  educators.  A  way.  Not  THE  way.     Poh-­‐Sun  Goh       Lets  try  to  put  the  "Flipped  Classroom"  in  perspective.     When  we  write  an  article  on  this  topic,  or  give  a  workshop  or  faculty   development  presentation  on  this  topic;  it  does  not  mean  we  endorse  a   particular  "technique"  or  "approach"  as  THE  approach,  or  THE  answer  to  ALL   educational  and  teaching  challenges.     Understanding  the  background,  context,  and  supporting  evidence  for  any   approach,  and  then  contextualizing  these  approaches,  and  thoughtfully  and   rigorously  testing  these  approaches,  first  empirically,  then  in  a  series  of  formal   studies,  presenting  and  then  writing  these  up  for  peer  review  and  feedback;  and   continually  revising  and  refining  these  ideas  is  not  only  the  traditional  academic   pathway,  but  the  proper  and  measured  path  to  follow.     We  are  in  the  early  days  of  MOOCs,  and  the  use  of  the  Flipped  Classroom.     Like  with  any  recipe  for  cooking,  applying  without  understanding  the  key   elements  of  what  LEARNING  we  are  trying  to  support,  and  how  we  can   CUSTOMISE  and  INDIVIDUALIZE  this  learning  will  not  do  justice  to  any  proposed   or  new  educational  innovation;  or  help  successfully  deliver  the  final  educational   product  or  culinary  dish.     The  reason  why  "problem  based  learning"  is  "effective",  a  technique  which   current  educators  are  familiar  with,  is  that  an  unstructured  problem  is  presented   first,  before  exploratory  discussion,  guided  discussion,  then  search  for   information  and  evidence,  followed  by  more  interactive  discussion  and  feedback   (either  Maastricht  style  or  McMaster  style).     As  an  example  of  an  "older"  educational  innovation,  Problem  Based  Learning  or   PBL,  which  contains  many  of  the  the  elements  of  "established"  educational   theory,  has  had  a  difficult  time  over  the  last  few  decades  trying  to  develop   evidence  that  it  is  THE  WAY,  or  THE  BEST  WAY.     Team  Based  Learning,  or  TBL  is  yet  another  more  recent  approach  to  promote   active  and  exploratory  learning;  based  on  the  tenets  of  constructivism.     MOOCS  and  the  “Flipped  Classroom”,  like  with  PBL  and  TBL;  are  SOME  strategies   that  we  can  use  as  educators.  A  way.  Not  THE  way.  

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