Hassan al banna


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Hassan al banna

  1. 1. Hassan Al Banna (1906-1949)Life and creation of the Muslim Brotherhood
  2. 2. Early life: ParentsHe was born the year British There were quite poor and occupied Egypt; were disillusioned by the lackFather was an imam and a of adherence to Islamic masjid teacher – Hanbali principles in the cities of Egypt; order; respected in They opened a watch repair community; shop as well as a gramophoneMother’s family was a family of and gramophone record shop; learned people, her brother selling recitations of Arabic was faqih (someone who poetry, songs praising the recites the Quran by heart); prophet and Quran recitation;
  3. 3. Early Life: Hassan Al BannaShaikh Ahmed insisted on When he was 12 he left the religious education for his boy school because Shaikh Zahran but was unsatisfied with the left as well, and he continued education offered locally; his education at theSoon enough, Shaikh Zahran – government school; Shaikh Ahmed’s mentor – At an early age already, he opened a new school and demonstrated strong attitudes Hassan started studying with towards moral values and him; preservation of “untainted” Islamic practices;
  4. 4. Encountering SuffismShaikh Ahmed followed a Sufi Hassan received an order – Hanbali; appointment to teach at aHassan goes to study at school in Mahmoudiyya, which Damanhur where he joins the he turned down; Hasafiyya Brotherhood; He moved to Cairo while1923 he graduates from remaining a member of the Damanhur elementary Hasafiyya Brotherhood; teacher’s training school, top He graduated from Dar-al-Um in his class; in 1927 with excellent scores;
  5. 5. Building Groundwork for the Muslim BrotherhoodHassan moves to Isma’iliyya;  Name Muslim BortherhoodPreaching in coffeehouses; was picked simply becauseWrote articles in al-Faqh – they considered themselves Cairo based newspaper; brothers in the service of Islam;Young Muslim men of modest background take interest in his Teachings of Hassan al-Banna ideas and decide they want to were always more focused on form a brotherhood with him the general calling of Islam as their leader; rather than specific practices;
  6. 6. Muslim Brotherhood: ExpansionDonations were mostly given It provided three-tier by members themselves, with education; exemptions for those who Soon after a school for girls could not afford; was also opened;Very quickly a school for boys 1930s – The Muslim was opened; Brotherhood acquired legalSchool was based on many recognition in order to attract different European-based third-party donations; educational theories such as Maintained good relations with that of Montessori; the Coptic community;
  7. 7. Muslim Brotherhood: Long-Term FocusMuslim Brotherhood was built Ideology was largely based on: to survive dramatic personnel Salafi reform, Sufism, Egyptian changes; nationalism, and contemporaryBased on a three-part European ideologies; doctrine: It was a popular indoctrination, institution movement, not just for the building and establishing elite – which gave it its unique loyalties; character of that time;Wanted to remain independent Recruitment was largely financially not to appear through personal contact; influenced by any party;
  8. 8. Death and Impact on Islamic ThoughtHe was assassinated in Cairo It appears that the teachings after leaving the Muslim of Al-Banna did not endorse Brotherhood headquarters violence – as he was against with his brother-in-law; any exaggerations in Islam –Grandfather of Tariq Ramadan which could mean that the – Swiss born writer, poet – members were radicalized now teaching Contemporary through government Islamic Studies at Oxford; sponsored prison and torture;
  9. 9. References:http://www.nytimes.com/2011 /02/09/opinion/09iht- edramadan09.html?pagewante d=all;Gudrun Kramer, Hasan al- Banna (Oxford: Oneworld, 2010);