Successfully reported this slideshow.
We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. You can change your ad preferences anytime.

Structural changes in Indian Economy

7,796 views

Published on

Published in: Economy & Finance, Business

Structural changes in Indian Economy

  1. 1. Structural Change in Indian Economy as reflected by Use of Statistics Prof. Nand Dhameja IIPA 20/10/10
  2. 2. Structural Change in Indian Economy: Coverage Indian Economy Changes Over the Years  International Trade  Saving & investment rate  Infrastructure Investment  Private Sector Share & disinvestment  School Education: Private Share Role of Statistics
  3. 3. Structural Change over the years International trade to GDP increased over the years ↑ Saving & Investment Rates ↑ Investment in infrastructure ↑ Private sector share in Plan Investment ↑
  4. 4. Structural Change over the years 1980 2009 Public Sector Profit to Total Corporate Profit 70% 35% Private Sector Profit to Total Corporate Profit 30% 65% Public Sector Investment Total Plan Investment 50% 20% Private Sector Investment Total Plan Investment 50% 80% Addition of Power Generating capacity by Private Sector 15% begining of Plan 50 % now
  5. 5. Structural Changes over the years  Public Sector still dominates in services like, Banking, Insurance, Energy, Transport  New Areas opened to Private Sector  Airports; Ports; Highways  Disinvestment Realisation Rs 50,000 cr. till 2004-05; Target current year Rs. 40,000 cr.  Fifteen PSUs Privatised with Disinvestment proceeds Rs. 11,500 cr.  Policy of Free Pricing for oil
  6. 6. Infrastructure Investment Estimates (Rs. Lakh Crore) XI Plan ( 2007-8-- 11-12) X Plan (2002-3-- 6-7) Total 20.06 (7.53%) 8.8 (5.63%) State Sector Private Sector 14.06 6.00 7.20 1.60
  7. 7. Infrastructure Investment : Sector wise (Rs. Crore) 2006- 07 Prices X Plan % XI Plan % Electricity Roads & Bridges Telecomm. Rlys. (inl. MRTS) Irrigation (incl. Watershed) Water Supply & Sanitation 291,850 33.1 144,892 16.5 123,411 14.0 119,658 13.6 111,503 12.7 64,803 7.4 616,526 30.4 311,816 15.4 267,001 13.2 258,001 12.7 223,131 11.0 199,127 9.8
  8. 8. Infrastructure Investment : Sector wise (Rs. Crore) 2006- 07 Prices X Plan % XI Plan % Ports 4096 0.5 73941 3.6 Airports 6771 0.8 34748 1.7 Storage 4819 0.6 22378 1.1 Gas 8713 1.0 20500 1.0 880516 100 2027169 100
  9. 9. National Income Estimates: Sector-wise % Services 54 Manufacturing & Mining 24 Agriculture 22
  10. 10. Saving Rate % of GDP 93-04 99-00 01-02 07-08 09 -10 Saving % GDP-Total 22.5 22.3 24.0 32.0 34.0 Household Sector 18.4 19.8 22,5 24 26 Private Sector 3.5 3.7 4.0 4.0 4 Public Sector 0.6 (-) 1.2 (-)2.5 4.0 4
  11. 11. Expenditure % GDP 1990-91 2006-07 Governments Expense % GDP (Center Share States Share) 35 (54 46) 37 (44 56)
  12. 12. School Education: Private Sector Share  Private sector share in School Education 2006: (no. in Per cent)  Higher Secondary Schools & Junior Colleges 30.05  High Schools 27.15  Upper-primary schools 6.75  Primary schools 3.19  Pre-primary schools 5.15
  13. 13. Elementary Education Elementary Education for all Right to Education Act 2009 promises free education to children 6 to 12 years India becomes one amongst 139 nations that legally protects right of children to basic education
  14. 14. Elementary Education Elementary Education for all Children between 6 to 12 years  Estimated additional Costs : Four alternatives  Scenario I Rs. 426,259 cr  Scenario II Rs. 393,307 cr  Scenario III Rs. 346,209 cr  Scenario IV Rs. 321,196 cr
  15. 15. PPP & Elementary Education: Alternatives  Public-private partnerships: option 1-Charge from those who can afford  For below poverty line state to pay 30%  Public-private partnerships: option 2-Public funding of capital costs and operating costs met from fees or other revenues generated  Sweet soft loan to private partner for capital cost  private partner permitted to use premises for revenue generating during off-times
  16. 16. PPP & Elementary Education: Alternatives-Contd. Public-private partnerships: option 3- Contracting out the public schools to corporation Public-private partnerships: option 4- public funding for private schools Public-private partnerships: option 5- Tax Policy & Education Funding
  17. 17. PPP & Elementary Education: Alternatives-Contd. Public-private partnerships: option 6- Existing Private school to share the proposed fund requirement Public-private partnerships: option 7- providing parents with a choice
  18. 18. Elementary Education : certain Facts One-third children cannot read & India has largest number of illiterates, about 35 % of 110 cr By 2020, this to shoot up to 50 % still of larger population (UN Estimates)
  19. 19. School Education Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan (SSA) launched a decade ago in 21 states to ensure elementary education by 2010 However, facts are different Surveys indicate, one-sixth Indian still unaware of Right to Free Education
  20. 20. Urbanisation in China- Social Change Population  1300m % in Cities  33% % in cities in 2020  67% Life Expectancy  73 yr Literacy Rate present  91% Literacy Rate 1985  34% Water Basins declared highly polluted: one/third  Environment & health problems likely cost: $54b pa
  21. 21. Statistics: Uses & Misuses  Statistics is a science of collection, organising and interpretation of data  Adds to Quality, reliability to the analysis & makes it logical, dependable and verifiable  Misuses:  For a drunken man, it is a lamp-post used for support rather than illumination  There are three kinds of lies: lies, damn lies, and statistics  Statistics will prove anything, even the truth
  22. 22. Thank You Good Day

×