Parts of speech

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Parts of speech

  1. 1. Eight parts of speech
  2. 2. <ul><li>A noun is a word that identifies the name of a person, place or thing. </li></ul><ul><li>A noun may be common or proper. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>A common noun is a word which identifies any person, place or thing. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>A proper noun identifies a specific person, place or thing such as a person's name (George), a specific place (Washington, D. C.), or specific thing (The Washington Monument). </li></ul></ul>
  3. 3. <ul><li>A pronoun is a word that takes the place of a noun. </li></ul><ul><li>Pronouns are used to substitute for nouns in order to prevent redundancy in using the noun and to make reading more interesting. </li></ul><ul><li>Examples </li></ul><ul><ul><li>I, you, we, he, she, it </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. <ul><li>An adjective is a word that modifies nouns and pronouns. </li></ul><ul><li>Adjectives answer the questions </li></ul><ul><ul><li>which one? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>what kind? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>how many? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>and whose? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Examples: beautiful, happy, smart, cool </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. <ul><li>A verb is a word that identifies action, existence, or state of being. </li></ul><ul><li>Examples – run, jump, eat, pray, love </li></ul>
  6. 6. <ul><li>An adverb is a word that modifies verbs, adjectives, and other adverbs. </li></ul><ul><li>Adverbs answer the questions </li></ul><ul><ul><li>when? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>where? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>why? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>how? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>how often? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>in what manner? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>under what condition? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>yes or no? </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Examples – quietly, quickly, questionably </li></ul>
  7. 7. <ul><li>A preposition describes a relationship between other words in a sentence. </li></ul><ul><li>The most common prepositions are of, for, with, by, and to. </li></ul><ul><li>I like to think of the word “position” in preposition. A preposition tells you the “position” in which the noun is performing the action </li></ul><ul><li>Example: I ate lunch by the courtyard. </li></ul>
  8. 8. <ul><li>A conjunction is a word that connects two or more words, phrases, or clauses. </li></ul><ul><li>The most common conjunctions are FANBOYS </li></ul><ul><ul><li>For </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>And </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Nor </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>But </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Or </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Yet </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>So </li></ul></ul>
  9. 9. <ul><li>An interjection is a word that expresses a command or sudden emotion such as </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Stop! </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Run! </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Help! </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Drat! </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Phooey! </li></ul></ul><ul><li>It can be punctuated on its own with an exclamation point, or it can be joined to a sentence with a comma. </li></ul><ul><li>Interjections are the only part of speech that can stand alone without being considered a fragment. </li></ul>
  10. 10. <ul><li>For the unit 1 post-test, you will be asked to tweet about your experience with online learning AND identify the parts of speech in your tweet. </li></ul><ul><li>Here is an example </li></ul><ul><li>WOW! (interjection) This (adjective) class (noun) amazes (verb) me (pronoun). </li></ul><ul><li>Now it’s your turn!! </li></ul>

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