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Research and Teaching with Remo: Student research projects and teaching for and by undergraduate students

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Research and Teaching with Remo: Student research projects and teaching for and by undergraduate students

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Talk at the 2012 International Conference on Frontiers in Education:
Computer Science and Computer Engineering, FECS 2012, at the WORLDCOMP 2012, Las Vegas, Nevada, USA.

Talk at the 2012 International Conference on Frontiers in Education:
Computer Science and Computer Engineering, FECS 2012, at the WORLDCOMP 2012, Las Vegas, Nevada, USA.

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Research and Teaching with Remo: Student research projects and teaching for and by undergraduate students

  1. 1. WORLDCOMP 2012 Research and Teaching with Remo: Student research projects and teaching for and by undergraduate students Dagmar Monett Mario Sänger Talk at the 2012 International Conference on Frontiers in Education: Computer Science and Computer Engineering, FECS 2012 Las Vegas, Nevada, USA, July 16-20, 2012
  2. 2. (Our) Motivation  Undergraduate students teaching contents they research in?  Subjects of student research proposals for improving teaching?  Co-teaching models for instruction involving undergraduate students? Research projects and teaching for and by undergraduate students D. Monett / M. Sänger Las Vegas, Nevada, USA, July 16-20, 2012 2
  3. 3. Agenda  BSEL, DCS, CS, and the AI course  Student research projects  Remo: Rule-based expert system modeler  The sandwich principle  Evaluating both teaching and Remo  Lessons learned  Conclusions  Further work D. Monett / M. Sänger Las Vegas, Nevada, USA, July 16-20, 2012 3
  4. 4. BSEL  BSEL: Berlin School of Economics and Law (University of Applied Sciences)  5 “big” departments (like faculties) and 8 institutes  ~ 9000 students  > 50 degree programs (B. Sc., M. Sc., MBA) D. Monett / M. Sänger Las Vegas, Nevada, USA, July 16-20, 2012 4
  5. 5. DCS  DCS: Department of Cooperative Studies (former Faculty of Company-Linked Programs)  Cooperative program: full-time classroom study + regular on-the-job trainings at business enterprises  > 650 companies from Berlin and Germany  Largest higher education institution for dual studies in Berlin (focus on applied skills) D. Monett / M. Sänger Las Vegas, Nevada, USA, July 16-20, 2012 5
  6. 6. CS Division  CSD: Computer Science Division from the DCS  Since 1993  Certified B. Sc. in Computer Science degree program (3 years, 210 ECTS-credits)  Bachelor thesis = 15 ECTS-credits (ECTS: European Credit Transfer and Accumulation System, 1 credit point = 30 hours of study) D. Monett / M. Sänger Las Vegas, Nevada, USA, July 16-20, 2012 6
  7. 7. AI course  Artificial Intelligence course  Optional module in the 5th study semester  7-ECTS  Two main areas: - Autonomous agents and multi-agent systems - Knowledge-based systems D. Monett / M. Sänger Las Vegas, Nevada, USA, July 16-20, 2012 7
  8. 8. D. Monett / M. Sänger Las Vegas, Nevada, USA, July 16-20, 2012 © freepik 8
  9. 9. Student research project (SRP)  2 SRPs (in the 4th and in the 5th theory semesters)  1 SRP = 14 ECTS-credits  Topics are mainly proposed by BSEL academic supervisors  1 SRP = 3-month theoretical + 3-month practical phase  To submit/present: - Partial results in an oral presentation at a “projects’ week” - Written report of about 4000 words or 25 pages long D. Monett / M. Sänger Las Vegas, Nevada, USA, July 16-20, 2012 9
  10. 10. D. Monett / M. Sänger Las Vegas, Nevada, USA, July 16-20, 2012 10
  11. 11. Remo (i)  Rule-based expert system modeler  Entirely developed by an undergraduate student  Topic of student research projects  For modeling condition-action knowledge  For analyzing reasoning algorithms’ functioning  Uses the Eclipse Modeling Framework and the Graphical Modeling Framework D. Monett / M. Sänger Las Vegas, Nevada, USA, July 16-20, 2012 11
  12. 12. Graphical representation of rule-based knowledge Editor Visualization of inference processes D. Monett / M. Sänger Las Vegas, Nevada, USA, July 16-20, 2012 12
  13. 13. Debug console Stepwise execution of both data- and goal-driven reasoning algorithms (forward/backward chaining) Outline view D. Monett / M. Sänger Las Vegas, Nevada, USA, July 16-20, 2012 13
  14. 14. Remo (iv)  Graphical model transformation into other textual representations Export into Prolog syntax  “IF … THEN …” format, D. Monett / M. Sänger Las Vegas, Nevada, USA, July 16-20, 2012 14
  15. 15. Remo in the classroom… © FNO Press, 2003 http://www.jerryking.com/ D. Monett / M. Sänger Las Vegas, Nevada, USA, July 16-20, 2012 15
  16. 16. D. Monett / M. Sänger Las Vegas, Nevada, USA, July 16-20, 2012 © Superpasi 16
  17. 17. Sandwich principle - What  Combination of theory units with both practical examples and exercises  Passive + active learning  Teaching new content (inference in expert systems) vs. teaching own research (student research project, Remo) Breathing in / Breathing out ! D. Monett / M. Sänger Las Vegas, Nevada, USA, July 16-20, 2012 17
  18. 18. Sandwich principle - How  Separate meetings (supervisor – undergraduate student)  Division of responsibilities (planning, teaching, moderating learners’ work)  Preparation of new content to teach, examples, exercises, mock exam, teaching materials  Co-teaching techniques (e.g. “one teaches, one observes”, “team teaching”), didactic methods  Continuous feedback, coaching, reflection D. Monett / M. Sänger Las Vegas, Nevada, USA, July 16-20, 2012 18
  19. 19. Sandwich principle - Schedule Min. 10 Remo I Introduction, SRP 10 Forward Chaining Theory, algorithm, functioning 20 10 Exercise Forward Chaining Practical part: FC 5 Remo II Technical details 15 Backward Chaining Theory, algorithm, functioning 10 Practical part: BC 15 Exercise Backward Chaining 30 Practical part: mock exam 50 Integrated Exercise 10 Questionnaire Evaluating teaching & Remo D. Monett / M. Sänger Las Vegas, Nevada, USA, July 16-20, 2012 19
  20. 20. D. Monett / M. Sänger Las Vegas, Nevada, USA, July 16-20, 2012 © fotocommunity 20
  21. 21. Evaluating…  Survey questions: proposed by the undergraduate student, discussed with the supervisor  Wanted: Feedback from students about - impact and use of Remo - teaching by undergraduate students  Conception, application, and analysis: by the student…  … part of his individual evaluation in the AI course D. Monett / M. Sänger Las Vegas, Nevada, USA, July 16-20, 2012 21
  22. 22. Questionnaire Content and Scopes (Ratings: on a six-point rating scale) Nr. Main content Type Focus on 1 Teaching by undergraduate students Rating scale Teaching 2 Quality of the lecture when students Rating scale Teaching teach 3 Sandwich principle and lecture’s Rating scale Teaching structure supporting the learning process 4 Using sandwich principle and lecture’s Yes/No Teaching structure in other courses 5 Suggestions for teaching improvement Open-ended Teaching 6 Remo supporting the learning process Rating scale Remo 7 Remo usage Rating scale Remo 8 Suggestions for usage improvement Open-ended Remo 9 Visualizing reasoning algorithms with Rating scale Remo Remo 10 Suggestions for visualization Open-ended Remo improvement 11 Suggestions for Remo improvement Open-ended Remo D. Monett / M. Sänger Las Vegas, Nevada, USA, July 16-20, 2012 22
  23. 23. Survey results  Lots of suggestions for improving Remo!  Teaching by undergraduate students makes lecture more interesting!  Sandwich principle and lecture‘s structure support learning process!  Remo (and using it) supports learning process!  Stepwise visualization of inference algorithms helps understanding! General wish: apply to other modules of the curricula! D. Monett / M. Sänger Las Vegas, Nevada, USA, July 16-20, 2012 23
  24. 24. D. Monett / M. Sänger Las Vegas, Nevada, USA, July 16-20, 2012 © freepik 24
  25. 25. Lessons learned (i)  Students teaching students: - “common language” is shared! - quality of individual learning is empowered! - questions: openly and unbiased! - relaxed atmosphere, but active participation!  Like “real experts”: bidirectional support!  Classmates are part of the software development!  SRP: internal competition, new ideas, discussion!  Sandwich principle and co-teaching welcomed! - better balance frontal lecture vs. students’ needs D. Monett / M. Sänger Las Vegas, Nevada, USA, July 16-20, 2012 25
  26. 26. Lessons learned (ii)  Differentiated evaluation schema: should balance course work and research. Plan it in advance!  Delegate responsibilities! Decentralize lecturer’s tasks!  Seek topics and subjects for SRP in advance, plan and prepare resources and content to be taught!  Concert meetings with former developers and/or teaching assistants. Document them (not only) for having nice statistics!   A “must”: good supervision, constant support, co-work D. Monett / M. Sänger Las Vegas, Nevada, USA, July 16-20, 2012 26
  27. 27. Lessons learned (iii) What students say…  Sänger (main developer): - At the beginning: uncertainty and pessimism about paper acceptance - Significance of papers and publications not well known - But paper: like a certificate for further M.Sc. studies - Learned a lot working on the paper - Nice, too: acceptance from others (classmates, Profs, BSEL, etc.) D. Monett / M. Sänger Las Vegas, Nevada, USA, July 16-20, 2012 27
  28. 28. Lessons learned (iv) What students say…  Schlufter (next developer): - Remo usage and learning with it: relatively easy - Extending the program code: a challenge, but clear structure was used - Graphic Modeling Framework: not so straightforward… - Priorities for further development are decisive D. Monett / M. Sänger Las Vegas, Nevada, USA, July 16-20, 2012 28
  29. 29. © freepik Sänger D. Monett / M. Las Vegas, Nevada, USA, July 16-20, 2012 29
  30. 30. Conclusions  Support academic staff in research interests and lectures! SRP help!  Incorporate/enhance students’ soft skills like the ability to teach!  Prepare undergraduate students for academia!  Stimulate research essentially focused in current applied topics!  Encourage early interest in publishing research results! D. Monett / M. Sänger Las Vegas, Nevada, USA, July 16-20, 2012 30
  31. 31. Conclusions Bring together student research projects and teaching! (E.g., teach inference in expert systems using programs like Remo, for modeling rule-based knowledge and reasoning about it, developed by undergraduate students!) D. Monett / M. Sänger Las Vegas, Nevada, USA, July 16-20, 2012 31
  32. 32. D. Monett / M. Sänger Las Vegas, Nevada, USA, July 16-20, 2012 © fotocommunity 32
  33. 33. Further work  Further development of Remo (To-do list with necessary modifications and new features is available!)  Application of other co-teaching models (Suitable?)  Extension to other AI content (not just inference in expert systems)  Extension to other modules (taught by the supervisor / collaboration with other professors) D. Monett / M. Sänger Las Vegas, Nevada, USA, July 16-20, 2012 33
  34. 34. Images from fotocommunity, freepik, and pinterest.com D. Monett / M. Sänger Las Vegas, Nevada, USA, July 16-20, 2012 © Essie A. 34
  35. 35. WORLDCOMP 2012 Research and Teaching with Remo: Student research projects and teaching for and by undergraduate students Dagmar Monett Mario Sänger Talk at the 2012 International Conference on Frontiers in Education: Computer Science and Computer Engineering, FECS 2012 Las Vegas, Nevada, USA, July 16-20, 2012

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