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E-Learning Adoption in a Higher Education Setting: An Empirical Study

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Slides of the talk at the Multidisciplinary Academic Conference on Education, Teaching and Learning 2015, MAC-ETL 2015, Prague, Czech Republic, 4-6 December 2015.

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E-Learning Adoption in a Higher Education Setting: An Empirical Study

  1. 1. Prague, Czech Republic, December 4 - 6, 2015 E-Learning Adoption in a Higher Education Setting: An Empirical Study Talk at the Multidisciplinary Academic Conference on Education, Teaching and Learning 2015 MAC-ETL 2015 Prof. Dr. Dagmar Monett, Prof. Dr. Margarita Elkina
  2. 2. D. Monett 2Prague, Czech Republic, December 4 - 6, 2015 Image by DavidCastilloDominici at FreeDigitalPhotos.net Probably someone not using E-Learning... Or a frustrated E-Learning adopter? D. Monett
  3. 3. D. Monett Topics 3Prague, Czech Republic, December 4 - 6, 2015 ■ Background ■ Surveys: ■ Methodology. Demographics ■ Findings ■ Two groups of attitude towards E-Learning ■ E-Learning inhibitors ■ Learning Analytics ■ Recommendations ■ Conclusions
  4. 4. D. Monett 4Prague, Czech Republic, December 4 - 6, 2015 Background
  5. 5. D. Monett 5Prague, Czech Republic, December 4 - 6, 2015 Background ■ E-Learning platform, LMS: considered standard for every higher education institution ■ Wide range of activities both for individual learning and for group work ■ E-Learning adoption: pros and cons ■ Different expectations, different types of students, different use of technology, etc. LMS: Learning Management System
  6. 6. D. Monett 6Prague, Czech Republic, December 4 - 6, 2015 Our motivation ■ E-Learning? Many open questions! ■ Used by students and faculty alike? How much and how? ■ Are there different learning/teaching approaches when using E-Learning? ■ How willing are faculty to invest extra time on top of its already heavy teaching load in learning and using new technologies? ■ etc.
  7. 7. D. Monett 7Prague, Czech Republic, December 4 - 6, 2015 Surveys
  8. 8. D. Monett Methodology 8Prague, Czech Republic, December 4 - 6, 2015 Image by ddpavumba at FreeDigitalPhotos.net ■ Two questionnaires (students, faculty) on the use of E-Learning in general and LMS in particular ■ Available online from April 4 to June 20, 2013 ■ Managed using Umfrage Online ■ 6 (students) and 14 (faculty) questions to be answered LMS: Learning Management System
  9. 9. D. Monett Demographics 9Prague, Czech Republic, December 4 - 6, 2015 ■ Students: ■ 425 Bachelor’s students ■ 59 Master’s students ■ 23 from other degree programs ■ Faculty: ■ 90 valid responses ■ 41.6% female, 58.4% male Image by ddpavumba at FreeDigitalPhotos.net
  10. 10. D. Monett 10Prague, Czech Republic, December 4 - 6, 2015 Findings: Students
  11. 11. D. Monett Activities available – BSc 11Prague, Czech Republic, December 4 - 6, 2015 0 100 200 300 400 Classmate interaction possible Formative quizzes available Wiki activity used Workshop activity available Assessments conducted… Summative quizzes available Survey activity available Glossary activity used Chat activity available Lesson activity available Links to external resources… Learning packages available Self upload used Forum activity available Database activity used Assignments activity available Course orgware available Course materials available often sometimes seldom never dont't know or no answer (N=425)
  12. 12. D. Monett Wish more of: BSc 12Prague, Czech Republic, December 4 - 6, 2015 0 20 40 60 80 100 No eLearning at all Voice recordings Glossar Chat Classmate interaction Workshop Assessment Wiki Videos Database Interaction with faculty Forum Interactive exercises Course materials Mock exams Exercises (N=425)
  13. 13. D. Monett Wish more of: MSc 13Prague, Czech Republic, December 4 - 6, 2015 0 20 40 60 80 100 No eLearning at all Voice recordings Glossar Assessment Forum Chat Database Wiki Classmate interaction Workshop Interaction with faculty Course materials Mock exams Videos Interactive exercises Exercises (N=59)
  14. 14. D. Monett Wish more of (6) – BSc 14Prague, Czech Republic, December 4 - 6, 2015 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 1 2 3 4 5 6 % Semester Exercises Mock exams Course materials Interactive exercises Forum Interaction with faculty (N=425)
  15. 15. D. Monett Wish more of (6) – BSc 15Prague, Czech Republic, December 4 - 6, 2015 -10 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 1st year 2nd year 3rd year (N=425) 1: Exercises; 2: Course materials; 3: Mock exams; 4: Formative assessments; 5: Forums; 6: Summative assess.
  16. 16. D. Monett 16Prague, Czech Republic, December 4 - 6, 2015 Findings: Faculty
  17. 17. D. Monett When E-Learning? 17Prague, Czech Republic, December 4 - 6, 2015 (N=90) 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 eLearning in class optional for students at home mandatory for students at home no eLearning at all % female male
  18. 18. D. Monett How E-Learning? 18Prague, Czech Republic, December 4 - 6, 2015 (N=90) % I use it already I would use it I would never use it I don’t know it or no answer Mock exams 17,78 46,67 21,11 14,44 Assignments 31,11 42,22 13,33 13,33 Interactive assignments 6,67 50,00 21,11 22,22 Video 36,67 31,11 13,33 18,89 Video/audio recording 11,11 40,00 25,56 23,33 Wiki 16,67 41,11 17,78 24,44 Glossary 12,22 46,67 14,44 26,67 Database 17,78 46,67 12,22 23,33 Forum 20,00 44,44 21,11 14,44 Student-student interaction 30,00 50,00 3,33 16,67 Student-faculty interaction 53,33 30,00 6,67 10,00 Chat 10,00 43,33 26,67 20,00 Workshop 8,89 52,22 14,44 24,44 Course materials 76,67 13,33 2,22 7,78 Summative tests 4,44 34,44 38,89 22,22
  19. 19. D. Monett How E-Learning? 19Prague, Czech Republic, December 4 - 6, 2015 (N=90) % I use it already I would use it I would never use it I don’t know it or no answer Mock exams 17,78 46,67 21,11 14,44 Assignments 31,11 42,22 13,33 13,33 Interactive assignments 6,67 50,00 21,11 22,22 Video 36,67 31,11 13,33 18,89 Video/audio recording 11,11 40,00 25,56 23,33 Wiki 16,67 41,11 17,78 24,44 Glossary 12,22 46,67 14,44 26,67 Database 17,78 46,67 12,22 23,33 Forum 20,00 44,44 21,11 14,44 Student-student interaction 30,00 50,00 3,33 16,67 Student-faculty interaction 53,33 30,00 6,67 10,00 Chat 10,00 43,33 26,67 20,00 Workshop 8,89 52,22 14,44 24,44 Course materials 76,67 13,33 2,22 7,78 Summative tests 4,44 34,44 38,89 22,22 Dominant group of attitude: Educators use E-Learning or think it could be valuable
  20. 20. D. Monett How E-Learning? 20Prague, Czech Republic, December 4 - 6, 2015 (N=90) % I use it already I would use it I would never use it I don’t know it or no answer Mock exams 17,78 46,67 21,11 14,44 Assignments 31,11 42,22 13,33 13,33 Interactive assignments 6,67 50,00 21,11 22,22 Video 36,67 31,11 13,33 18,89 Video/audio recording 11,11 40,00 25,56 23,33 Wiki 16,67 41,11 17,78 24,44 Glossary 12,22 46,67 14,44 26,67 Database 17,78 46,67 12,22 23,33 Forum 20,00 44,44 21,11 14,44 Student-student interaction 30,00 50,00 3,33 16,67 Student-faculty interaction 53,33 30,00 6,67 10,00 Chat 10,00 43,33 26,67 20,00 Workshop 8,89 52,22 14,44 24,44 Course materials 76,67 13,33 2,22 7,78 Summative tests 4,44 34,44 38,89 22,22 Secondary group of attitude: Educators that do not believe in E-Learning and will not give it a try
  21. 21. D. Monett E-Learning inhibitors (i) 21Prague, Czech Republic, December 4 - 6, 2015 ■ Teaching load already very high (18 credit hours per week) ■ E-Learning, planning, designing, delivering and managing - not part of formal teaching load ■ Engagement in E-Learning has no compensation ■ Better than “a well-prepared static website with all the necessary course information in addition to adequate interaction with students via email”?
  22. 22. D. Monett E-Learning inhibitors (ii) 22Prague, Czech Republic, December 4 - 6, 2015 ■ E-Learning terminology and LMS functionalities unknown or complex ■ LMS is not 100% suitable for supporting teaching ■ Learning new tools is very time-consuming ■ “Effort required for a flawless information delivery is disproportionately higher than for face-to-face teaching” ■ Training offered by the institution is not flexible enough (time issues arise)
  23. 23. D. Monett 23Prague, Czech Republic, December 4 - 6, 2015 Learning Analytics
  24. 24. D. Monett 24Prague, Czech Republic, December 4 - 6, 2015 Learning Analytics “[It is] the measurement, collection, analysis and reporting of data about learners and their contexts, for purposes of understanding and optimizing learning and the environments in which it occurs” Taken from the Call for Papers of the First International Conference on Learning Analytics and Knowledge, LAK 2011, Banff, Alberta, Canada. (See more at https://tekri.athabascau.ca/analytics/call-papers)
  25. 25. D. Monett 3rd survey 25Prague, Czech Republic, December 4 - 6, 2015 ■ Observing and analysing learners’ behaviour in Moodle ■ Parallel, third survey on the use of LeMo ■ 70%: Data visualisation is key! ■ 80%: Monitoring learners’ access to learning materials that are available ■ LA help to structure the learning materials better LA: Learning Analytics
  26. 26. D. Monett 26Prague, Czech Republic, December 4 - 6, 2015 Recommendations
  27. 27. D. Monett 27Prague, Czech Republic, December 4 - 6, 2015 Image by DavidCastilloDominici at FreeDigitalPhotos.net Probably someone not using E-Learning... Or a frustrated E-Learning adopter? D. Monett
  28. 28. D. Monett Recommendations 28Prague, Czech Republic, December 4 - 6, 2015 ■ E-Learning? Extra compensation is needed (e.g., in the form of teaching load release) ■ Allocate E-Learning instructors and instructional designers directly to faculty for assistance ■ Who are the learners? Different types of students might use E-Learning tools differently ■ Make use of Learning Analytics tools to… ■ ...understand how students learn ■ ...reflect on own teaching
  29. 29. D. Monett 29Prague, Czech Republic, December 4 - 6, 2015 Conclusions
  30. 30. D. Monett Topics covered 30Prague, Czech Republic, December 4 - 6, 2015 Word cloud created with Wordle.net
  31. 31. dagmar@monettdiaz.com monettdiaz Contact:

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