Impact analyses of amended guideline
• NTTNs not necessarily own fiber infrastructure. Yet, they are
exclusive providers of transmission services.
– Public sector monopoly (BTCL) and private sector duopoly (Two NTTNs).
– BTCL also operates access and gateways.
• Airtel and Robi.
– Increased operating costs and slower network rollout.
• Grameenphone, Banglalink and CityCell
– Investment (>US$ 400 million) under jeopardy.
• The entire telecom sector
– Reliability and affordability of fixed and mobile broadband is
– Discouraging for foreign investments in infrastructure development.
Open access is not a stranger
to Bangladesh Government
Political goodwill for needed
for technical imperatives
Internet’s infrastructure fragility and cost
Tweet from Renesys on November 16, 2012: “BTCL, Mango down.
Fiber@Home uses terrestrial conx to India, Link3 stays on satellite up.”
of SMW4 on January
23, 2013 20:14 to
BTCL and Mango are
during the downtime.
1Asia, Aamra, NovoCom
experienced increases in
their traffic as customers
automatically shift traffic
to the surviving
Bangladesh is among 10 emerging countries
hot on the heels of the BRICS (March 26, 2014)
• Coface identifies only 10 "new emerging" countries which
meet all the criteria. However, these countries are not the
same in terms of their business environments - the
weaknesses of which can stifle growth. This leads Coface to
distinguish two groups in the "new emerging" countries:
– Colombia, Indonesia, Peru, the Philippines and Sri Lanka have a
sound business climate (A4 or B), similar to that of the BRIC
– Kenya, Tanzania, Zambia, Bangladesh and Ethiopia have very
difficult (C) or extremely difficult (D) business environments
which could hamper their growth prospects.
Source: Coface press release.
A note of encouragement
• Naturally, it will be more difficult for the second
group of countries, who could take longer to fully
realise their growth potential.
• However, their business environment problems are
relative: in 2001, the quality of governance in Brazil,
China, India and Russia was comparable to that of
Kenya, Tanzania, Zambia, Bangladesh and Ethiopia
Julien Marcilly, Head of country risk at Coface.
Next steps in telecom: Back to basics
• Restore Infrastructure Sharing Guidelines of 2008.
– Be technology-neutral.
– Encourage active infrastructure sharing.
• Unbundle BTCL’s transmission from access networks.
– Ensure the ITCs access to SASEC network.
– Explore Structural Separation of private networks.
• Unified Licenses with Open Access for NTTNs.
– Reduce regulatory fees.
– Tax-incentive for co-locating data centers.
• Foreign carriers to trade IP Transit in Bangladesh
– Declare BSCCL as a Facilities Based Operator.
• Issue more Facilities Based Licenses.
Today’s policy shapes tomorrow
Picture: The Daily Star