Policy, Participation & Power on YouTube, Facebook, Blogger and Wikipedia<br />Laura Stein<br />University of Texas at Aus...
Significance<br />Relevance of terms of service <br />Often legally binding contracts that specify user power<br />Part of...
Alternative Media (Downing)<br />Offers alternative to mainstream media<br />Challenges existing power structures<br />Rep...
Paper Tiger Reads Paper Tiger Television <br />
Alternative Media Dimensions<br />Content<br />Aesthetic<br />Organization<br />Relationship to Audience/Users<br />
Participatory Culture<br />Jenkins- digital media consumers actively participate in the creation and circulation of new co...
Critical Questions:<br />Do specific instances of participation challenge or reinforce existing power structures? <br />Ar...
Group Exercise<br />Pick a platform and examine its user policies [Facebook, YouTube, Blogger, Wikipedia, or Indymedia Por...
Conclusion<br />YouTube and Facebook policies mainly elaborate user prohibitions and company permissions<br />Wikipedia gi...
Findings/Analysis<br />Wikipedia- between citizen control and delegated power<br />Facebook- between partnership and placa...
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Policy, Participation & Power on YouTube, Facebook, Blogger and Wikipedia

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Laura Stein's talk from the 2011 Gary Chapman International School on Digital Transformation.

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Policy, Participation & Power on YouTube, Facebook, Blogger and Wikipedia

  1. 1. Policy, Participation & Power on YouTube, Facebook, Blogger and Wikipedia<br />Laura Stein<br />University of Texas at Austin<br />Lstein@mail.utexas.edu<br />
  2. 2. Significance<br />Relevance of terms of service <br />Often legally binding contracts that specify user power<br />Part of the social arrangements influencing platform use<br />Potential default position platform owners can evoke in case of conflict<br />Informed choices by users<br />Advocacy for betters terms of service<br />
  3. 3. Alternative Media (Downing)<br />Offers alternative to mainstream media<br />Challenges existing power structures<br />Represents/empowers marginalized groups<br />Makes horizontal linkages between communities of interest<br />Provides an alternative public forum<br />
  4. 4. Paper Tiger Reads Paper Tiger Television <br />
  5. 5. Alternative Media Dimensions<br />Content<br />Aesthetic<br />Organization<br />Relationship to Audience/Users<br />
  6. 6. Participatory Culture<br />Jenkins- digital media consumers actively participate in the creation and circulation of new content (though under unclear rules and conditions of differential power)<br />Benkler- radically decentralized, collaborative and nonproprietary ways of organizing production (commons-based peer production)<br />Participation fosters empowerment & democracy<br />
  7. 7. Critical Questions:<br />Do specific instances of participation challenge or reinforce existing power structures? <br />Are opportunities to participate equitably distributed?<br />What are the terms and conditions of participation?<br />Do governments and markets support or suppress participation?<br />
  8. 8.
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  10. 10. Group Exercise<br />Pick a platform and examine its user policies [Facebook, YouTube, Blogger, Wikipedia, or Indymedia Portugal].<br />Where do these policies fall on the typology of participation/power? Why?<br />Briefly report your findings back to the larger group<br />
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  12. 12. Conclusion<br />YouTube and Facebook policies mainly elaborate user prohibitions and company permissions<br />Wikipedia gives users collective control of nearly all decision-making surrounding content & policy<br />Users should question the terms & conditions of participation on these platforms<br />Scholars should critically evaluate & oppose exploitative policies<br />
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  15. 15. Findings/Analysis<br />Wikipedia- between citizen control and delegated power<br />Facebook- between partnership and placation<br />YouTube- Consultation<br />

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