Ecce ch. 25

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Ecce ch. 25

  1. 1. 1. How can you tell that a noun belongs to the 4th declension?2. Which 4th declension noun is feminine?5. How can you tell that a noun belongs to the 5th declension?6. Which 5th declension noun is masculine?
  2. 2. Decline & translate the 4th declension noun fluctus, fluctūs M – “wave” in all its possible forms. What are some derivatives of fluctus?:Case & Number Latin forms 1 English translationNominative SingGenitive SingDative SingAccusative SingAblative SingVocative SingNominative PlGenitive PluralDative PluralAccusativePluralAblative PluralVocative Plural
  3. 3. Case & Number Latin forms 1 English translationNominative SingGenitive SingDative SingAccusative SingAblative SingVocative SingNominative PlGenitive PluralDative PluralAccusativePluralAblative PluralVocative Plural
  4. 4. Case & Number Latin forms 1 English translationNominative SingGenitive SingDative SingAccusative SingAblative SingVocative SingNominative PlGenitive PluralDative PluralAccusativePluralAblative PluralVocative Plural
  5. 5. Case & Number Latin forms 1 English translationNominative SingGenitive SingDative SingAccusative SingAblative SingVocative SingNominative PlGenitive PluralDative PluralAccusativePluralAblative PluralVocative Plural
  6. 6. Chapter 25 FIRST MORNING IN ROME Iam diēs erat. Magnus erat clāmor in urbe. Servī ad Forum magnō tumultūonera ferēbant. Undique clāmor et strepitus! Sed nihil clāmoris, nihil strepitūs adMarcum pervēnit. In lectō stertēbat, nam dēfessus erat. Sextus quoque in lectōmanēbat sed dormīre nōn poterat. Clāmoribus et strepitū excitātus, iam cōgitābatdē omnibus rēbus quās Titus heri nārraverat. “Quid hodiē vidēbimus? Cornēliusne 5nōs in Forum dūcet? Ego certē Forum et Cūriam et senātōrēs vidēre volō.” Intereā Eucleidēs, quī prīmā lūce exierat, iam domum redierat. Statimcubiculum puerōrum petīvit et, “Eho, puerī!” inquit. “Cūr nōndum surrēxistis?Abhinc duās hōrās ego surrēxī. Quod novum librum emere volēbam, in Argīlētummāne dēscendī ad tabernam quondam ubi in postibus nōmina multōrum poētārum 10vidēre potes. Catullus, Flaccus—“ At puerī celeriter interpellāvērunt quod Eucleidēs, ut bene sciēbant, semperaliquid novī docēre volēbat. “Quid in viīs vīdistī?” Eucleidēs, “Nihil,” inquit, “nisi miserum hominem lapidibus oppressum. Bovēslapidēs quadrātōs in plaustrō trahēbant ad novum aedificium quod Caesar prope 15Domum Auream cōnficit. Illud aedificium est ingēns amphitheātrum et moxprīnceps lūdōs ibi faciet. Sī bonī puerī fueritis, fortasse ad lūdōs ībitis.”
  7. 7. 1. What was making all the noise in the city?2. What was Marcus’s reaction to the noise?3. What was Sextus doing?4. What questions does Sextus have?5. What does Eucleides do?6. Where has he been?7. What was on the door posts of the shop?8. Why did the boys interrupt him?9. What had Eucleides seen in the city streets?10. What was the emperor building?11. What will be happening there soon?12. What will happen if the boys are good?
  8. 8. 1. Cur Sextus dormire non poterat?2. Quid Sextus facere et vidēre vult?3. Cur Eucleides in Argiletum descendit?4. Quid in postibus tabernae vidit?5. Quid Eucleides in viis vidit?6. Quid princeps mox faciet?
  9. 9. Casus Singulare Plurale 4th Declension Nom Gen Dat Casus Accusativus Acc Abl um ūs VocFor practice: Magistra audivit /vidit ___________.
  10. 10. Casus Singulare Plurale 4 Declension th Nom Casus Ablativus Gen Dat ibus (dative & abl plural Acc um ūs are always the same) Abl u ibus VocFor practice: Magistra opressa _______ erat.
  11. 11. 4th Declension Casus Singulare Plurale Nom us ūs Gen Dat ibus Acc um ūs Abl u ibus Voc us ūs Risūs perterritae puellae Casus Nominativus non erant magni. What case usually has theFor practice: _______ Magistram same endings as the terrent. nominative?
  12. 12. 4th Declension Casus Singulare Plurale Nom us ūs Gen ūs uum Dat ui ibus Acc um ūs Abl u ibus Voc us ūs Casus Genitivus Molis aquaeductuum erat ingens.For practice: Magistra auditivit sonitum _________.
  13. 13. Supply the correct form of the 4th declension noun for each sentence.1. Mediā nocte tumultum magnum audivi. 1. tumultus2. Quae erat causa magni tumultus ? 2. tumultus3. Magno cum strepitu boves plaustra per vias 3. strepitus trahebant. 4. strepitus4. Primum strepitus procul aberat; 5. strepitus5. Deinde in via nostra erant strepitūs . 6. manus6. Multas res (things) manibus nostris facimus. 7. manus7. Eucleides manu stilum (pen) tenebat. 8. manus8. Pueri arbores manibus et pedibus antea ascenderant. 9. manus9. Manūs igitur eorum sordidae erant. 10. risus10. Cornelia Flaviae magno risu respondit. 11. domus11. Domūs Romanorum magnae erant.
  14. 14. Iam diēs erat. Magnus erat clāmor in urbe. Servī ad Forum magnō tumultū onera ferēbant.Undique clāmor et strepitus! Sed nihil clāmoris, nihil strepitūs ad Marcum pervēnit. In lectōstertēbant, nam dēfessus erat. Sextus quoque in lectō manēbat sed dormīre nōn poterat.Clāmoribus et strepitū excitātus, iam cōgitābat dē omnibus rēbus quās Titus heri nārraverat. “Quidhodiē vidēbimus? Cornēliusne nōs in Forum dūcet? Ego certē Forum et Cūriam et senātōrēsvidēre volō.” Intereā Eucleidēs, quī prīmā lūce exierat, iam domum redierat. Statim cubiculum puerōrumpetīvit et, “Eho, puerī!” inquit. “Cūr nōndum surrēxistis? Abhinc duās hōrās ego surrēxī. Quodnovum librum emere volēbam, in Argīlētum māne dēscendī ad tabernam quondam ubi in postibusnōmina multōrum poētārum vidēre potes. Catullus, Flaccus—“ At puerī celeriter interpellāvērunt quod Eucleidēs, ut bene sciēbant, semper aliquid novī docērevolēbat. “Quid in viīs vīdistī?” Eucleidēs, “Nihil,” inquit, “nisi miserum hominem lapidibus oppressum. Bovēs lapidēsquadrātōs in plaustrō trahēbant ad novum aedificium quod Caesar prope Domum Auream cōnficit.Illud aedificium est ingēns amphitheātrum et mox prīnceps lūdōs ibi faciet. Sī bonī puerī fueritis,fortasse ad lūdōs ībitis.” Find the 4th declension nouns.
  15. 15. Oral Class Work Finish off the following sentences by substituting a 4th Declension noun.  Ego __________ amo. (acc sing)  Tune __________ audivisti? (acc pl)  Sunt multi __________ in via.  Defessi sumus __________. (ablative)  Sextus est causa __________. (gen)
  16. 16. Casus Singulare Plurale NomGen es es 5th Declension Dat Acc Abl Casus Nominativus Voc es es (Casus Vocativus)
  17. 17. Casus Singulare Plurale NomGen es es 5th Declension Dat Acc em es Abl Casus Accusativus Voc es es
  18. 18. 5th Declension •Illo die princeps ludos faciet. •Illis diebus princeps ludos faciet.Casus Singulare Plurale •Nubes lucem diei celant. Nom es esGen ei erum •Nubes lucem dierum Dat ei ebus Acc celant. em es Abl ebus e Voc es es
  19. 19. Supply the correct form of the 5th declension noun for each sentence.1. Multos dies in villā manebamus. For sentences 1-4:2. Dies ludorum mox veniet. use dies3. Necesse est iter multorum dierum facere.4. Tertio die Romam pervenerimus. For sentences 5-95. Titus rem miram nobis narravit. use res6. Quae erat causa huius (of this) rei ?7. De talibus rebus in libris saepe legimus.8. Numquam talem rem vidimus.9. De hac re omnes cives multas fabulas narrant.
  20. 20. Class Work You have 10 minutes to write a short paragraph with a partner using all the new nouns from your vocabulary sheet. Keep it simple—grammatical accuracy counts. Underline each vocabulary noun.
  21. 21. What’s going on here? Sed nihil clāmoris, nihil strepitūs ad Marcum pervēnit. Eucleidēs, ut bene sciēbant, semper aliquid novī docēre volēbat.
  22. 22. Multi pueri libros legunt.
  23. 23. Multi (sed nonomnes) puerorum movent.
  24. 24. Sunt in pictura multi canes
  25. 25. Sex canum Sex canes latrant. latrant.
  26. 26. Quattuor canes Quattuor canumcurrunt et ambulant.currunt et ambulant.
  27. 27. Est Ego nihil strepitūsmagnus audio!strepitus!
  28. 28.  Is used to show when part of something is being mentioned. The larger group goes in the genitive  Multi servorum in agris laboraverunt. (Many of the slaves worked in the fields)  Nihil temporis habemus. (We have no time. We have nothing of time.)  Satisclamoris, pueri! (Enough of shouting, boys! Enough shouting, boys!)
  29. 29.  Watch for key words to introduce it.  Nihil: Nihil mali = nothing (of) bad  Multi: Multae arborum = many of the trees  Satis: Satis complexuum = enough embraces  Pars: Partes urbis = parts of the city  Plus: Plus vini = more (of) wine Nihil strepitūs, nihil clamoris ad Marcum pervenit. Eucleides pueros aliquid novi docere volebat.
  30. 30. How do you translate these partitives? Titus aliquid vini biberat. Scelestus caupo aliquid mali fecerat. Princeps satis ludorum viderat. Discipulae satis laboris confecerant. Discipulae nihil laboris confecerant. Pauci discipulorum ad ludos ierunt. Pauci discipuli ad ludos ierunt.
  31. 31. Genitive can now be used for: Possessor showing someone who owns or possesses another noun (Epistula Flaviae long erat.) and Partitive showing part of something bigger (Satis temporis non habemus.)
  32. 32. Using the story on p. 227 of your text, find and write the Latin equivalents of the Englishsentences/phrases below. Remember: • The # after each English sentence/phrase tells how many Latin words should be in the answer • The answers are found IN ORDER in the story. • The words in the phrase may not all be next to each other in the text. 1. no shouting, no commotion (4) _______________________________________ 2. awakened by the shouting and commotion (4)___________________________ _______________________________________________________________ 3. who had gone out at dawn (4) ________________________________________ 4. I went down early in the morning (2)____________________________________ 5. you are able to see (2)______________________________________________ 6. as they well knew (3)_______________________________________________ 7. something new (2)_________________________________________________ 8. crushed by stones (2)_______________________________________________ 9. they were dragging squared stones (3)_________________________________ 10. he will put on games there (3)_________________________________________

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