Successfully reported this slideshow.
We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. You can change your ad preferences anytime.

Weimar Republic

16,189 views

Published on

From democracy to Nazism.

Weimar Republic

  1. 1. The Weimar Republic From Democracy to Nazism
  2. 2. End of WWI (1918-19) <ul><li>March - Germany offensive </li></ul><ul><li>July - Allies stop German offensive </li></ul><ul><li>November - Imperial fleet mutinies, Kaiser abdicates, Republic formed </li></ul><ul><li>November - Armistice signed by civilian leaders (recommended by military) </li></ul>
  3. 3. Treaty of Versailles <ul><li>Brutal terms for Germans </li></ul><ul><li>$33 billion in reparations over 30 years </li></ul><ul><li>Article 231 (“war guilt” clause) </li></ul><ul><li>Germany loses land to France, Poland, all of colonies </li></ul><ul><li>Prohibited to have offensive military </li></ul><ul><li>League of Nations </li></ul><ul><li>“ Stab in the Back” - Military </li></ul>
  4. 5. Weimar Constitution <ul><li>President elected popularly </li></ul><ul><li>Chancellor appointed by President </li></ul><ul><li>Legislators elected through proportional representation to Reichstag </li></ul><ul><li>Article 48 - Temporary dictatorship to solve crises </li></ul>
  5. 6. Weimar Culture <ul><li>Berlin became center of European culture </li></ul><ul><li>Conservatives opposed changes </li></ul><ul><li>All Quiet caused mass protests </li></ul>
  6. 7. Early 1920’s <ul><li>Far-left and right groups fight for control </li></ul><ul><li>1922 - Munich (Beer Hall) Putsch </li></ul><ul><li>1923 - French occupy Ruhr (industrial heartland) </li></ul><ul><li>Hyperinflation </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Bad economic policies </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Printed more money </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Blamed allies, reparations </li></ul></ul>
  7. 8. Hyperinflation - 1923
  8. 9. Hyperinflation <ul><li>Most workers were paid daily and given time to shop before the value of their wages fell further. </li></ul><ul><li>Depositors received letters from their banks informing them their life savings were worth less then the administrative costs of maintaining their accounts. </li></ul><ul><li>Young women who had been setting aside money for their dowries saw their savings evaporate, thus making a traditional German marriage impossible. </li></ul><ul><li>A concert pianist would be paid with a suitcase of bills for his performance and exchange half of the bills for several sausages. </li></ul>
  9. 10. Hyperinflation
  10. 11. Hyperinflation
  11. 12. Hyperinflation
  12. 13. Hyperinflation
  13. 14. Late 1920’s <ul><li>Hyperinflation recovery based upon American loans </li></ul><ul><li>1929 Stock Market crash, Depression </li></ul><ul><li>Taxes raised, wages and social programs cut </li></ul><ul><li>6 million unemployed workers </li></ul>
  14. 15. Political Crisis <ul><li>Coalitions collapse </li></ul><ul><li>Parties unwilling to compromise </li></ul><ul><li>President Hindenburg and Article 48 </li></ul><ul><li>Extremists gain power </li></ul><ul><li>Paramilitary groups roam, dominate cities </li></ul>
  15. 16. 1932 <ul><li>Four parties vying for power </li></ul><ul><li>Nazis receive 37% of vote - 2nd </li></ul><ul><li>Hitler demands to be appointed Chancellor </li></ul><ul><li>President Hindenburg believes it would keep him in check </li></ul>
  16. 18. 1933-34 <ul><li>Feb. 1933, Reichstag burned </li></ul><ul><li>Consolidates power </li></ul><ul><li>Nazis gain control </li></ul><ul><li>Hindenburg dies </li></ul><ul><li>Hitler declares himself Fuhrer </li></ul>
  17. 19. &quot;Comrades, we stand firmly together for Germany, and we must stand firmly together for Germany. I am handing you the new insignia, knowing I place it in the most loyal hands in Germany. In the past you have proven your loyalty to me a thousand times. In the future it cannot and will not be any different!&quot;

×