Soviet Mentality 2007


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An updated version of this PowerPoint that better complements by Russian Revolution PPT.

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  • Soviet Mentality 2007

    1. 1. The Soviet Union: Totalitarian State
    2. 2. <ul><li>Within the party not considered as a great thinker, writer, or effective public speaker </li></ul><ul><li>Often described as cold, hard, and impersonal, a “grey blur” </li></ul><ul><li>Played only a small role in the Russian Revolution of 1917 </li></ul>The Grey Blur
    3. 3. Joseph Stalin <ul><li>As General Secretary of the Communist Party, Stalin was able to consolidate his power by exerting total control over the details of party structure – </li></ul><ul><li>Stalin appeared to provide a sense of security and direction for the future </li></ul>
    4. 4. Joseph Stalin “ We are fifty or a hundred years behind the advanced countries. We must make good this distance in ten years. Either we do it or we shall be crushed” – Stalin
    5. 5. Socialism in One Country <ul><li>Lenin’s worldwide revolution delayed, unattainable </li></ul><ul><li>Duty of USSR to first create strong socialist state - must be able to ward off enemies! </li></ul>
    6. 6. Socialism in One Country <ul><li>Industrialization </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Series of 5 year plans </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Fantastic results - by 1930’s was worlds 3rd leading industrial power! </li></ul></ul>
    7. 7. Socialism in One Country <ul><li>Agricultural Revolution </li></ul><ul><ul><li>1928 seized 25 million privately owned farms </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Established gov’t owned farms called collectives </li></ul></ul>
    8. 8. Socialism in One Country <ul><li>Costs </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Brutal techniques used against workers and farmers </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Secret police coerced population to meet economic goals </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Massive famine un Ukraine kills 5-10 million </li></ul></ul>
    9. 9. Socialism in One Country
    10. 10. Soviet Mentality <ul><li>The people accepted difficulties and sacrificing – Czars and communists had controlled people through force, fear </li></ul><ul><li>Promises of prosperity and something great coming soon were believed </li></ul>
    11. 11. Soviet Mentality <ul><li>Brutality of the state was for their own protection </li></ul><ul><li>Checka, then NKVD, terrorized people – they were genuinely afraid </li></ul><ul><li>“ Politicals” - Enemies of the people who were arrested for alleged spying, disloyalty, etc. Received worse punishments then common criminals </li></ul><ul><li>Gulags </li></ul>
    12. 12. Gulags
    13. 13. Gulags
    14. 14. Gulags
    15. 15. Gulags
    16. 16. Gulags
    17. 17. Gulags
    18. 18. The Great Terror 1937-38 <ul><li>Arrests - about 7 million </li></ul><ul><li>Executed - about 1 million </li></ul><ul><li>Died in camps - about 2 million </li></ul><ul><li>In prison, late 1938 - about 1 million </li></ul><ul><li>In camps, late 1938 - about 8 million </li></ul><ul><li>Only 10% in camps survived </li></ul>
    19. 19. The Great Terror 1937-38 <ul><li>Those arrested include original Bolsheviks, military officers, party members </li></ul><ul><li>Stalin’s signature appears on death warrants of over 600,0000 </li></ul><ul><li>History is re-written </li></ul>
    20. 20. Changing History Four... Three... Two... One...
    21. 21. Changing History
    22. 22. Full Circle... <ul><li>Stalin dies in 1953 </li></ul><ul><li>“ All of us around Stalin were temporary” </li></ul><ul><li>“ Destalinization” of the USSR under Kruschev </li></ul>
    23. 23. Full Circle...
    24. 24. Thought Questions <ul><li>Why didn’t the people of the Soviet Union rise up? </li></ul><ul><li>What do you think you could do to stay safe? </li></ul><ul><li>Who was probably most at risk? </li></ul>