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Japan - Feudalism and Tokugawa

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Japan - Feudalism and Tokugawa

  1. 1. Japan Feudalism and Tokugawa
  2. 2. Rise of Feudalism <ul><li>Land became consolidated into Shoens - controlled by a few powerful families </li></ul>
  3. 3. <ul><li>Decentralization of government - emperor becomes figurehead </li></ul><ul><li>Military leaders (Shoguns) hold real power </li></ul><ul><li>Samurai emerged </li></ul><ul><li>Bushido code </li></ul>Rise of Feudalism
  4. 4. <ul><li>Power shifted into the hands of those in charge of the shoens —the daimyo </li></ul><ul><li>Daimyo fight for dominance. independence </li></ul><ul><li>Control local justice, taxes </li></ul>Rise of Feudalism
  5. 6. FRANCE H.R. EMPIRE
  6. 7. Economic Development <ul><li>Tax burden on the peasants </li></ul><ul><li>Trade </li></ul><ul><li>Economic advancements </li></ul><ul><li>Merchants considered lowest class </li></ul>
  7. 8. Europeans Reach Japan <ul><li>Portuguese traders arrived in 1543 </li></ul><ul><li>As the Portuguese began to trade regularly, Jesuit priests also arrived to spread Christianity in 1549 </li></ul>
  8. 9. <ul><li>Daimyo of Edo; proclaimed shogun in 1603 </li></ul><ul><li>Installed his son as shogun in order to strengthen Tokugawa control and eliminate problems of succession </li></ul><ul><li>Political unity </li></ul>Tokugawa Ieyasu
  9. 10. The Tokugawa Shogunate <ul><li>1603 – 1869 </li></ul><ul><li>Relied on the feudal system </li></ul><ul><li>Appointed daimyo leaders to help administer governmental duties </li></ul><ul><li>Emphasized maintaining order and control </li></ul><ul><li>Maintained both a public and secret police </li></ul>
  10. 11. Social Class During the Tokugawa Shogunate Warrior-administrators Peasants Craftsmen Merchants
  11. 12. The Samurai During the Tokugawa Shogunate <ul><li>Samurai began to follow the bushido code </li></ul><ul><li>In charge of Japan’s military </li></ul><ul><li>Gradually shifted to governmental and administrative roles </li></ul>
  12. 13. Christianity and the Tokugawa <ul><li>Catholic missionaries attempted to convert the elites, but had little success </li></ul><ul><li>More success in the countryside </li></ul><ul><li>Shimabara Rebellion </li></ul><ul><li>Persecution of Japanese Christians, expulsion of missionaries </li></ul>
  13. 14. The Closing of Japan <ul><li>Shimabara Rebellion heightened fear of foreign influences </li></ul><ul><li>Tokugawa “closed” Japan beginning in 1649 </li></ul><ul><li>Allowed limited contact with the Dutch, Chinese, Koreans </li></ul><ul><li>Trade significantly limited and controlled </li></ul><ul><li>Some daimyos ignored the closing </li></ul>
  14. 15. <ul><li>Less need for warriors </li></ul><ul><li>The samurai slowly lost power, status </li></ul><ul><li>The warrior ethic seemed to lose its relevance </li></ul>Decline of the Samurai

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