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Introduction to the Holocaust

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Introduction to the Holocaust

  1. 1. World History Introduction to the Holocaust
  2. 2. Definition of Holocaust <ul><li>“ Holocaust” is a word of Greek origin meaning “sacrifice by fire” or... </li></ul><ul><li>the systematic, bureaucratic, state-sponsored persecution and murder of approximately six million Jews by the Nazi regime and its collaborators during World War II </li></ul>
  3. 3. <ul><li>“ One more thing I would like now to state on this day…I have often been a prophet in my life and was generally laughed at. During my struggle for power, the Jews primarily received with laughter my prophecies that I would someday assume the leadership of the state and thereby the entire volk and then, among other things, achieve a solution to the Jewish problem. I suppose the then resounding laughter of Jewry in Germany is now choking in their throats. Today I will once more be a prophet: if the Jews succeed in plunging the nations once more into a world war, then the result will be the annihilation of the Jewish race in Europe” </li></ul>Adolf Hitler
  4. 4. How did it happen? <ul><li>Hitler’s anti-Semitic beliefs were promoted through propaganda, education, and indoctrination </li></ul><ul><li>State-sponsored discrimination begins in 1933 </li></ul><ul><li>Death camps start in 1942 </li></ul><ul><li>Gradual process </li></ul><ul><li>Germany fought two wars - one against the Allies and one against the Jews </li></ul>
  5. 5. How did it happen? <ul><li>For the extermination of the Jews to occur, four principal conditions were necessary: </li></ul><ul><li>The Nazis had to decide to undertake the extermination </li></ul><ul><li>Germany had to gain control over the Jews and the territory in which they resided </li></ul><ul><li>They had to organize the extermination and devote to it sufficient resources </li></ul><ul><li>They had to induce a large number of people to carry out the first three elements </li></ul>
  6. 6. here... Central question: how do we get from
  7. 7. to...
  8. 8. here?
  9. 10. <ul><li>Animated Map of the Holocaust </li></ul>

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