Chinese Dynasties Overview


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From the Shang to the Qing Dynasties - a quick overview.

  • The information on Qin Shi Huang is incorrect. He was a great leader and nation builder. For a full, researched and correct report on the first emperor, and the founding principles and practices of China go to The School of Sun Tzu: Winning Empires without War.
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  • Excellent ,thanks heaps and my year 8's too!
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  • Great presentation about the need to innovate company models; how you can represent them succinctly; as well as the need to make advancement initiatives actionable. Superb use of photographs as well as obvious to see illustrative examples.
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  • Well then were the Xia dynasty a legendary one.. I heard that Da yu was the first BIG guy of this dynasty!! and weren't the tang one to open the Silk road??? Ok.. though i only doubt that much though others are just too good,... I mean excellent...

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  • oh my god you have no idea how helpful this was!!!!!! thanks so much!
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Chinese Dynasties Overview

  1. 1. Chinese Dynasty Overview Shang to Qing AP World History
  2. 3. Shang (1700 - 1027 BCE) <ul><li>First recorded Dynasty (Xia - no written records) </li></ul><ul><li>Ruled by aristocracy </li></ul><ul><li>First Chinese cities, center of court life </li></ul><ul><li>Developed writing, worked with bronze, created silk </li></ul><ul><li>Honored ancestors, used oracle bones </li></ul><ul><li>Shang tyrant emperor overthrown </li></ul>
  3. 5. Zhou (1027 - 250 BCE) <ul><li>Longest lasting Chinese Dynasty </li></ul><ul><li>Beginning of Mandate of Heaven </li></ul><ul><li>Early: Feudal system, lords had total authority </li></ul><ul><li>Later: City-states </li></ul><ul><li>Built roads, expanded trade, made agricultural advancements </li></ul>
  4. 7. Zhou (1027 - 250 BCE) <ul><li>Taoism and Confucianism introduced </li></ul><ul><li>Decline: Inefficient rulers can’t control fighting between city-states </li></ul><ul><li>Period of Warring States </li></ul>
  5. 8. Qin (221 - 207 BCE) <ul><li>Qin She Huanshi - only emperor </li></ul><ul><li>Adopted Legalism </li></ul><ul><li>Developed highly centralized gov’t with bureaucratic administration </li></ul><ul><li>Standardized currency, language, measurements, laws </li></ul><ul><li>Built first Great Wall </li></ul>
  6. 10. Qin (221 - 207 BCE) <ul><li>Brutal ruler - executed dissenters, burned books </li></ul><ul><li>Many enemies, dynasty falls after his death </li></ul>
  7. 11. Han (202 BCE - 221 CE) <ul><li>Legalism replaced by Confucianism </li></ul><ul><li>Introduced civil service examination (scholar gentry) </li></ul><ul><li>Silk Roads developed, opens trade </li></ul>
  8. 12. Han (202 BCE - 221 CE) <ul><li>Buddhism introduced, paper invented </li></ul><ul><li>Great increase in population, land holdings </li></ul><ul><li>Decline </li></ul><ul><li>Nomadic raiders </li></ul><ul><li>Corruption, weak leaders </li></ul><ul><li>Collapse of bureaucracy </li></ul>
  9. 14. 221 - 581 (CE) <ul><li>Warlords control china - no centralized gov’t </li></ul><ul><li>Non-Chinese nomads control much of China </li></ul><ul><li>Buddhism becomes popular - Confucianism failed </li></ul>
  10. 15. Sui (581 - 618 CE) <ul><li>Completed Grand Canal </li></ul><ul><li>High taxes, forced labor </li></ul><ul><li>Military failures (couldn’t conquer Korea) </li></ul><ul><li>Assassination ends dynasty </li></ul>
  11. 17. Tang (618 - 907 CE) <ul><li>High point of Chinese culture </li></ul><ul><li>Rebuilt bureaucracy </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Examination system </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Confucian education </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Limited social mobility </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Buddhism supported, then oppressed </li></ul><ul><li>Invention of movable print, porcelain, gun powder </li></ul>
  12. 19. Tang (618 - 907 CE) <ul><li>Wu Zetian - Only Empress in Chinese history </li></ul><ul><li>Decline </li></ul><ul><li>Weak emperors, nomadic incursions, economic difficulties </li></ul><ul><li>Warlords take control </li></ul>
  13. 20. Song (969 - 1279 CE) <ul><li>Large centralized bureaucracy (Neo-Confucian) </li></ul><ul><li>Mercantile class grows, increased trade </li></ul><ul><li>Magnetic compass, growing sea power </li></ul><ul><li>Weak military </li></ul>
  14. 23. Yuan (1279 - 1368 CE) <ul><li>Mongol Khubilai Khan conquers China </li></ul><ul><li>Economic stability and prosperity </li></ul><ul><li>China more open to trade and travel (Marco Polo) </li></ul><ul><li>Ignored Chinese traditions, replaced bureaucrats with non-Chinese </li></ul><ul><li>Unsuccessful attacks on Japan, corruption weakens dynasty </li></ul><ul><li>Peasant rebellion ends Yuan </li></ul>
  15. 25. Ming (1368 - 1644 CE) <ul><li>Tried to erase all signs of Mongols </li></ul><ul><li>Reinstated civil service, Confucian scholars </li></ul><ul><li>Eunuchs play growing role (Zheng He) - resented by scholar gentry </li></ul><ul><li>Rebuilt and extended Great Wall </li></ul><ul><li>Collapsed after famines and riots </li></ul>
  16. 27. Qing (1644 - 1911 CE) <ul><li>Manchus (from Manchuria) move south </li></ul><ul><li>Take Korea, Japan, then China </li></ul><ul><li>Manchus hold top posts, but relied upon scholar gentry </li></ul><ul><li>“ Son of Heaven” concept emphasized </li></ul><ul><li>Would be final Chinese Dynasty </li></ul><ul><li>Eventually would be weakened by European / American interventions </li></ul>
  17. 29. Chinese Dynasty Song <ul><li>Shang, Zhou, Qin, Han shang, joe, chin, hahn </li></ul><ul><li>Shang, Zhou, Qin, Han </li></ul><ul><li>Sui, Tang, Song sway, tang, soong </li></ul><ul><li>Sui, Tang, Song </li></ul><ul><li>Yuan, Ming, Qing, Republic yooan, ming, ching, Republic </li></ul><ul><li>Yuan, Ming, Qing, Republic </li></ul><ul><li>Mao Zedong mou dzu dong </li></ul><ul><li>Mao Zedong </li></ul>