Causes of WWI (2007)


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  • Find a two great songs about WWI at Song titles are Lafayette We are Here and Gavrilo Princip. Both songs will soon be on iTunes.
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  • thankl u so much this helped for a project i had to do

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  • Don't forget the changes in military technology, that forced the industrial states to rearm very quickly... Mabye you might use my slideshow ( slide no.12 and following) as an inspiration.<br /><br/>
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  • Mabye you should add some explanation about the process of forming these alliances.
    Britain and France were actually competitors for a long time (consider 1898 Fashoda incident) while, on the other hand, british and german royal families used to be related.<br /><br/>
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Causes of WWI (2007)

  1. 1. World History, Culture and Geography Causes of WWI
  2. 2. Long Term Causes - Nationalism <ul><li>Starting with the French Revolution </li></ul><ul><li>National identities become important, desire dominance and prestige </li></ul><ul><li>1871 Germany and Italy become nations – they want to catch up with Britain, France </li></ul><ul><li>Pride in country partly based upon industrial capacity, colonies </li></ul>
  3. 3. Long Term Causes - Industrialization <ul><li>1850’s on sees industrialization spread to continental Europe </li></ul><ul><li>Economic competition between nations begin – Germany quickly gaining on Britain </li></ul><ul><li>Transportation, communication, and military advances continue </li></ul><ul><li>Need for markets and raw materials => imperialism </li></ul>
  4. 4. Long Term Causes - Imperialism <ul><li>Nationalism and industrialization tied to colonial holdings </li></ul><ul><li>Competition for colonies increases tensions </li></ul><ul><li>European nations military, political, and economic domination of Africa and Asia build confidence </li></ul>
  5. 5. Long Term Causes - Militarism <ul><li>Between 1870 and 1914, European nations increase military spend by 400% </li></ul><ul><li>Many believed war was coming, began preparing </li></ul><ul><li>German, Russian Generals extremely powerful </li></ul><ul><li>Arms race developed </li></ul>
  6. 6. Short Term Causes <ul><li>Entangling alliances pull everyone into the war </li></ul><ul><li>Triple Alliance (Germany, Austria-Hungary, and Italy) </li></ul><ul><li>Germany secretly told Austria-Hungary they would support them no matter what happened – called the “blank check” </li></ul>
  7. 7. Short Term Causes <ul><li>Triple Entente (England, France, and Russia) – Treaty of Friendship </li></ul><ul><li>France was concerned about Germany’s growing military </li></ul><ul><li>England was concerned with Germany’s navy </li></ul>
  8. 8. Precipitating Events <ul><li>Moroccan Crisis between France and Germany </li></ul><ul><li>Balkan Wars between 1912-13 raised tensions between Russia, Serbia, Germany, and Austria-Hungary </li></ul><ul><li>Balkans considered the “Powder Keg of Europe” – so many countries had national interests in the region </li></ul>
  9. 9. The Domino Effect <ul><li>In June 1914, Archduke Ferdinand, heir to the throne of Austria-Hungary, travels to Sarajevo with his wife to review the Austrian Hungarian army on maneuvers. </li></ul>
  10. 10. The Domino Effect <ul><li>June 28, 1914 – Austrian Archduke Ferdinand assassinated in Sarajevo, Bosnia </li></ul><ul><li>A nineteen year-old member </li></ul><ul><li>of the Black Hand, Gavrilo </li></ul><ul><li>Princip, jumped from the </li></ul><ul><li>sidewalk onto the Archduke's </li></ul><ul><li>car and fired 2 shots. The </li></ul><ul><li>Archduke and his wife were </li></ul><ul><li>killed. </li></ul>
  11. 11. <ul><li>Austria-Hungary issues an ultimatum to the Serbian government in order to allow Austrian forces to investigate the assassination and stop anti-Austrian activities in Bosnia </li></ul>
  12. 12. The Domino Effect: War Starts . . . <ul><li>2) Serbia refuses the ultimatum, Austria-Hungary declares war </li></ul><ul><li>(3) Russia mobilizes an army to defend Serbia </li></ul><ul><li>(4) Germany declares war on Russia </li></ul>
  13. 13. The Domino Effect War Starts . . . <ul><li>(5) France declares war on Germany </li></ul><ul><li>(6) Germany invades Belgium to attack France </li></ul><ul><li>(7) Britain declares war on Germany </li></ul>
  14. 14. The Domino Effect: War Starts . . . <ul><li>Italy decides that its chances to gain land are better with France, Britain, and Russia. Italy abandons its pre-wartime alliance with Germany and Austria-Hungary and joins the war on the side of France, Britain, and Russia. </li></ul>
  15. 15. <ul><li>Most of the fighting takes place in Western Europe, even though the conflict started in the Balkans in Eastern Europe </li></ul>
  16. 16. Fighting spreads to the colonies as well =global war!