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Startup Metrics for Pirates AARRR! SeedCamp 2008 University College London  09/16/08 Dave McClure, Master of 500 Hats http://500hats.typepad.com/ http://www.500hats.com/ http://slideshare.net/dmc500hats/
AARRR!: 5-Step Startup Metrics Model Website.com R evenue $$$ Biz Dev Ads, Lead Gen, Subscriptions, ECommerce A CQUISITION SEO SEM Apps & Widgets Affiliates Email PR Biz Dev Campaigns, Contests Direct, Tel, TV Social Networks Blogs Domains R etention Emails & Alerts System Events & Time-based Features Blogs, RSS, News Feeds
Disclaimer ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object]
500 Startups (500=13)
Web 2.0: What’s So Special? ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object]
Startup Metrics: An Overview ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],FAIL. WIN! ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object]
Startup Metrics: An Overview ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object]
Startup Metrics:  Passion  vs  Precision ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object]
What’s The Best Metric ?  Users, Pages, Clicks, Emails, $$$ ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object]
Startup Metrics for Pirates ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],AARRR !
AARRR!: 5-Step Startup Metrics Model Website.com R evenue $$$ Biz Dev Ads, Lead Gen, Subscriptions, ECommerce A CQUISITION SEO SEM Apps & Widgets Affiliates Email PR Biz Dev Campaigns, Contests Direct, Tel, TV Social Networks Blogs Domains R etention Emails & Alerts System Events & Time-based Features Blogs, RSS, News Feeds
Q: What’s My Business Model? ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object]
Role: Founder/CEO ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object]
The 1-Page Business Model (Users + Conversions + Priorities) ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],1 2 3
The 1-Page Business Model (Users + Conversions + Priorities) Q2: What actions could they take to help  you   or  them   ? 1 2 3 1 2 3 1 3 2 1 3 2
Role: Product / Engineering ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object]
Example Conversion Metrics (note: *not* actuals… your mileage may vary) Stage Conversion Status Conv.  % Est. Value (*not* cost) Acquisition Visitors -> Site/Widget/Landing Page (2+ pages, 10+ sec, 1+ clicks = don’t abandon) 60% $.05 Activation “ Happy” 1 st  Visit; Usage/Signup (clicks/time/pages, email/profile reg, feature usage) 15% $.25 Retention Users Come Back; Multiple Visits (1-3x visits/mo; email/feed open rate / CTR) 5% $1 Referral Users Refer Others (cust sat >=8; viral K factor > 1; ) 1% $5 Revenue Users Pay / Generate $$$ (first txn, break-even, target profitability) 2% $10
Role: Marketing / Sales ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object]
Example Marketing Channels disclaimer: estimates of vol, cost/user, time & effort are subjective – actual costs are dependent on your specific business
Startup Priorities  ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object]
Startup Metrics Activation
Website.com ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],do LOTS of  landing  page  &  A/B tests  –  make lots of dumb  guesses &  iterate FAST Activation SEO SEM Apps & Widgets Affiliates Email PR Biz Dev Campaigns, Contests Direct, Tel, TV Social Networks Blogs Domains
Activation What do users do on their first visit? ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object]
Activation What do users do on their first visit? ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object]
Activation ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object]
Startup Metrics Retention
Website.com ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],Retention SEO SEM Apps & Widgets Affiliates Email PR Biz Dev Campaigns, Contests Direct, Tel, TV Social Networks Blogs Domains Emails & Alerts System Events & Time-based Features Blogs, RSS, News Feeds
[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],Retention How do users come back? How often?
[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],Retention How do users come back? How often?
Retention How do users come back? How often? ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object]
Retention ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object]
Startup Metrics Acquisition
Website.com ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],Acquisition SEO SEM Apps & Widgets Affiliates Email PR Biz Dev Campaigns, Contests Direct, Tel, TV Social Networks Blogs Domains
Acquisition Where are users coming from? ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object]
Acquisition Keyword Vocabulary ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object]
Acquisition Where are users coming from? ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],Example
Acquisition ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object]
Startup Metrics Referral
Website.com Focus on driving referrals * after * users have a “ happy ” experience; avg score >=  8 out of 10 Referral Acquisition SEO SEM Apps & Widgets Affiliates Email PR Biz Dev Campaigns, Contests Direct, Tel, TV Social Networks Blogs Domains Retention Emails & Alerts System Events & Time-based Features Blogs, RSS, News Feeds
Referral How do users refer others? ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object]
Referral Viral Growth Factor ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],A viral growth factor > 1 means an exponential organic user acquisition.
Referral ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object]
Startup Metrics Revenue
Website.com Revenue This is the part *you*  still have to figure out…  (we  don’t know jack  about your business) R evenue $$$ Biz Dev Ads, Lead Gen, Subscriptions, ECommerce Acquisition SEO SEM Apps & Widgets Affiliates Email PR Biz Dev Campaigns, Contests Direct, Tel, TV Social Networks Blogs Domains Retention Emails & Alerts System Events & Time-based Features Blogs, RSS, News Feeds
Revenue How do you make money? ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object]
Links & Resources ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object]

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Startup Metrics for Pirates (SeedCamp 2008)

  • 1. Startup Metrics for Pirates AARRR! SeedCamp 2008 University College London 09/16/08 Dave McClure, Master of 500 Hats http://500hats.typepad.com/ http://www.500hats.com/ http://slideshare.net/dmc500hats/
  • 2. AARRR!: 5-Step Startup Metrics Model Website.com R evenue $$$ Biz Dev Ads, Lead Gen, Subscriptions, ECommerce A CQUISITION SEO SEM Apps & Widgets Affiliates Email PR Biz Dev Campaigns, Contests Direct, Tel, TV Social Networks Blogs Domains R etention Emails & Alerts System Events & Time-based Features Blogs, RSS, News Feeds
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  • 11. AARRR!: 5-Step Startup Metrics Model Website.com R evenue $$$ Biz Dev Ads, Lead Gen, Subscriptions, ECommerce A CQUISITION SEO SEM Apps & Widgets Affiliates Email PR Biz Dev Campaigns, Contests Direct, Tel, TV Social Networks Blogs Domains R etention Emails & Alerts System Events & Time-based Features Blogs, RSS, News Feeds
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  • 15. The 1-Page Business Model (Users + Conversions + Priorities) Q2: What actions could they take to help you or them ? 1 2 3 1 2 3 1 3 2 1 3 2
  • 16.
  • 17. Example Conversion Metrics (note: *not* actuals… your mileage may vary) Stage Conversion Status Conv. % Est. Value (*not* cost) Acquisition Visitors -> Site/Widget/Landing Page (2+ pages, 10+ sec, 1+ clicks = don’t abandon) 60% $.05 Activation “ Happy” 1 st Visit; Usage/Signup (clicks/time/pages, email/profile reg, feature usage) 15% $.25 Retention Users Come Back; Multiple Visits (1-3x visits/mo; email/feed open rate / CTR) 5% $1 Referral Users Refer Others (cust sat >=8; viral K factor > 1; ) 1% $5 Revenue Users Pay / Generate $$$ (first txn, break-even, target profitability) 2% $10
  • 18.
  • 19. Example Marketing Channels disclaimer: estimates of vol, cost/user, time & effort are subjective – actual costs are dependent on your specific business
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  • 39. Website.com Focus on driving referrals * after * users have a “ happy ” experience; avg score >= 8 out of 10 Referral Acquisition SEO SEM Apps & Widgets Affiliates Email PR Biz Dev Campaigns, Contests Direct, Tel, TV Social Networks Blogs Domains Retention Emails & Alerts System Events & Time-based Features Blogs, RSS, News Feeds
  • 40.
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  • 44. Website.com Revenue This is the part *you* still have to figure out… (we don’t know jack about your business) R evenue $$$ Biz Dev Ads, Lead Gen, Subscriptions, ECommerce Acquisition SEO SEM Apps & Widgets Affiliates Email PR Biz Dev Campaigns, Contests Direct, Tel, TV Social Networks Blogs Domains Retention Emails & Alerts System Events & Time-based Features Blogs, RSS, News Feeds
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  • 46.