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Antony & Cleopatra Powerpoint


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Antony & Cleopatra Powerpoint

  1. 1. Antony and Cleopatra
  2. 2. Who was Cleopatra VII? <ul><li>Born in Alexandria, then capital of Egypt in 69 BC </li></ul><ul><li>Parents: Father Pharaoh, Ptolemy XII, aka Auletes or “Flute Player” and her mother was probably Auletes’s sister Cleopatra V Tryphaena (it was common place for members of the Ptolemaic dynasty to marry their sibilings) </li></ul><ul><li>Cleopatra had several siblings: elder sister, Cleopatra VI; elder sister Berenice; younger sister, Arsinoe and two younger brothers both called Ptolemy. </li></ul><ul><li>Cleopatra’s family was not truly Egyptian, they were Macedonian which is Greek. </li></ul>
  3. 3. Cleopatra’s Early Life <ul><li>Cleopatra’s father dies in 51 BC </li></ul><ul><li>Cleopatra and her brother Ptolmey XIII are left the throne. </li></ul><ul><li>Cleopatra was not particularly beautiful but was very intelligent. </li></ul><ul><li>She spoke 9 languages including Egyptian. She was the first Ptolemy Pharoh every to speak Egyptian. </li></ul><ul><li>Cleopatra rules for 3 years on her own until her brothers advisers exile her to Syria . </li></ul>
  4. 4. Cleopatra and Julius Caesar
  5. 5. Cleopatra and Julius Caesar <ul><li>While Cleopatra was in exile Julius Caesar was vying against Pompey for control of the Roman Empire. Pompey went to Alexandria to seek protection from Ptolemy, but his advisers found it safer to side with Caesar. </li></ul><ul><li>Pompey arrived in Alexandria ahead of Caesar he was stabbed to death while Ptolemy watched. </li></ul><ul><li>When Caesar arrived, Ptolemy thought it would please him to present him with Pompey’s head. </li></ul><ul><li>Caesar was not amused and immediately took control of the Palace. </li></ul><ul><li>He called for Ptolemy and Cleopatra to come together and he would settle their dispute and restores Cleopatra to the Egyptian Throne. </li></ul>
  6. 6. Cleopatra and Julius Caesar <ul><li>Immediately upon meeting her Caesar was bewitched by her and they became lovers that night. </li></ul><ul><li>Even though Caesar and Cleopatra were lovers, she married her brother Ptolemy. She was about 17 he was 12. </li></ul><ul><li>She later gave birth to a son Caesarion or “Little Caesar” </li></ul><ul><li>In 44 BC Caesar was killed, Rome was in turmoil and Cleopatra returned to Egypt with her son. Her brother/husband died shortly after their arrival, it is believed by poisoned at her hands. </li></ul>
  7. 7. Mark Antony <ul><li>Born Marcus Antonius in 83 BC in Rome. </li></ul><ul><li>Father died at an early age, leaving him and his brothers with his mother Julia. He was 2nd cousin of Julius Caesar. </li></ul><ul><li>With very little guidance, they were considered rebels for their time. </li></ul><ul><li>By the age of 20 he was heavily in debt and fled to Greece </li></ul><ul><li>After a short time studying in Athens he became a member of Caesar’s army. </li></ul>
  8. 8. Mark Antony <ul><li>Mark Antony ultimately became Caesar’s “Master of the Horse”, his right hand man. </li></ul><ul><li>After Caesar’s death Mark Antony set out for Egypt. </li></ul><ul><li>He wanted Cleopatra for Egypt’s wealth and she wanted him for the Roman Armies under his control. </li></ul><ul><li>Mark Antony was married 4 times. </li></ul><ul><li>His last marriage was to Octavia, sister of Octavian who later Ruled Rome and was known as Augustus </li></ul>
  9. 9. Antony and Cleopatra <ul><li>They meet nearly 3 years after Julius Caesar’s death. </li></ul><ul><li>Antony Summons Cleopatra to Tarsus to discuss her possibly funding his enemies. </li></ul><ul><li>She arrives on a lavishly gilded barge with Purple sails and dressed as Venus. Antony is so enthralled that he spends the winter in Alexandria and forgets about his responsibilities. </li></ul><ul><li>6 months after Antony returns to Rome, Cleopatra gives birth to twins. </li></ul>(
  10. 10. Antony and Cleopatra <ul><li>They do not see each other for 4 years, once they reunite they remain together and marry even though Antony is still married to Octavia.. </li></ul><ul><li>Cleopatra and Antony live a lavish lifestyle and name themselves as gods. </li></ul><ul><li>The people Rome are outraged by their behavior and war is called on Egypt. </li></ul><ul><li>When Octavian arrives the Egyptian army joins forces with him. </li></ul>
  11. 11. Mark Antony’s Death <ul><li>After being defeated and felt of being betrayed by his consuming love for Cleopatra, he falls on his sword and eventually dies on her bed. </li></ul><ul><li>After a royal burial for Mark Antony, Cleopatra was determined to die. </li></ul>
  12. 12. Cleopatra’s Death <ul><li>Because she no longer wanted to live, Octavian had guards watching over her. Being very clever she had an Asp placed into a basket of figs that was being delivered. </li></ul><ul><li>She wrote a note to Octavian begging to be buried in Mark Antony’s tomb. </li></ul><ul><li>By the time he received the note and arrived she was already gone </li></ul><ul><li>As she wished, she was buried beside Mark Antony and last Pharoh of Egypt had reigned </li></ul>
  13. 14. Probably the most Widely recognized Portrayal of Cleopatra Was by Elizabeth Taylor In 1963.
  14. 15. Shakespeare’s take on History <ul><li>Antony and Cleopatra was very historically correct concerning most of the political battles that occurred during the 10 year period this was meant to portray. </li></ul><ul><li>Shakespeare’s primary source for information was from Plutarch’s Lives of the Noble Grecians and Romans , which was translated by Sir Thomas North in 1579. </li></ul><ul><li>Many passages were quoted directly from this text without change. </li></ul>
  15. 16. Shakespeare’s Embellishments <ul><li>Cleopatra was portrayed as very strong, extremely beautiful and irresistible. </li></ul><ul><li>Octavius Caesar views the Pharaoh and Queen of Egypt as little more than a dramatic whore. </li></ul><ul><li>Antony, while a Roman Hero was portrayed as totally blinded by love . </li></ul><ul><li>Octavia is portrayed as a healer of sorts between the two men, Antony and Octavius Caesar. </li></ul>