3 b sexually transmitted infections in young people

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3 b sexually transmitted infections in young people

  1. 1. SEXUALLY TRANSMITTED INFECTIONS IN YOUNG PEOPLE
  2. 2. Aim of the sessionThe aim of the session is to provide an overview of the unit including the objectives
  3. 3. Unit Objectives• Describe the regional and national estimates of STIs in young people• List and explain factors contributing to STIs in young people• Name the consequences of STIs in young people• List the factors preventing young people with STIs from seeking help• Identify key aspects of good diagnosis and management practice in young people• Identify the role of health care providers in STI prevention
  4. 4. THE SCOPE OF STIs IN YOUNG PEOPLEAim of the sessionTo present the scope of sexually transmitted infections (STIs) among young people regionally and nationally.
  5. 5. REGIONAL AND NATIONAL ESTIMATES OF STIS IN YOUNG PEOPLE• Every year more than one out of 20 adolescents contract a curable STI, not including viral infections• Young people are getting infected with STIs at a younger age• Of the estimated 333 million new STIs that occur in the world every year, at least one third occur in young people under 25 years.• More than half of new HIV infections globally (over 6,500 each day) are among young people aged 10-24 years.
  6. 6. Self Reported STIs among Young people in Malawi (MDHS 2004)• 7.7% and 8.6% of young females and males respectively aged 15-19 years old report having symptoms of STIs• 9.5% and 5.6% of young females and males respectively aged 20-24 years old report having symptoms of STIs.• The prevalence is higher in urban areas compared to rural areas• Within regions, the prevalence of STIs is higher in the southern region especially in the districts of Zomba, Mulanje, Thyolo and Blantyre
  7. 7. • What do local data show on STIs among adolescents in your community?
  8. 8. Factors Contributing to STIs in Young PeopleAim of the sessionTo identify the factors which contribute to sexually transmitted infections among young people?
  9. 9. Factors Affecting Adolescents’ Exposure to STIs• Experimentation is a normal part of adolescent development but it exposes them to risk• Adolescent boys often feel they have to prove themselves sexually• Adolescents’ sexual relations are often unplanned, sporadic and, sometimes, the result of coercion or force
  10. 10. Adolescents’ sexual relations typically occur before they have:• Adequate information about STIs and how to avoid contracting these infections• Experience and skills to protect themselves• Access to services and supplies (such as condoms)
  11. 11. Why are adolescent girls especially vulnerable?• Young girls are more vulnerable than young men and adults because of biological factors, as well as social/cultural factorsBiological factors include:• Inadequate mucosal defense mechanisms and the immature lining of the cervix provide a poor barrier against infection;• The thin lining and relatively low acidity in the vagina render it more susceptible to infection.Social/cultural factors. There is growing recognition that adolescent girls are more vulnerable than men (young and older) and adult women for both social and economic reasons. For instance, they may be coerced into having sex by adults who interact with them such as relatives, family friends or others.
  12. 12. Are adolescents in your area / country more vulnerable than adults to STIs?
  13. 13. The Consequences of STIs in Young PeopleAim of the sessionTo present the consequences of STIs among young people.
  14. 14. Consequences of STIs for young people• Pelvic inflammatory disease (PID)• Infertility• Cancer of the cervix• Stigma and embarrassment
  15. 15. FACTORS HINDERING PROMPT AND CORRECT DIAGNOSIS OF STIs IN YOUNG PEOPLEAim of the sessionTo discuss challenges that health service providers face in providing young people with prompt and effective treatment.
  16. 16. In your opinion, what do young people do when they know or suspect that they have STI?
  17. 17. Factors hindering adolescents from seeking help• STIs may be asymptomatic, especially in young women• Adolescents may not be aware that they have an STI• Adolescents often lack information about existing services• Adolescents may be reluctant to seek help.
  18. 18. Management of Young People with STIsAim of the sessionTo discuss special issues that health-care providers need to be aware of regarding the management of STIs in young people.
  19. 19. Buzz SessionIn your opinion, what do young people do when they know or suspect that they have STI?
  20. 20. Factors hindering adolescents from seeking help• STIs may be asymptomatic, especially in young women• Adolescents may not be aware that they have an STI• Adolescents often lack information about existing services• Adolescents may be reluctant to seek help.
  21. 21. Aim of the sessionTo discuss special issues that health-care providers need to be aware of regarding the management of STIs in young people.
  22. 22. Principles of Syndromic Approach to the Management of STIs apply as follows• Standardized clinical management• Based on signs and symptoms• Laboratory diagnosis not required
  23. 23. Important factors to consider when managing young people with STI• Being aware of care-seeking practices• Establishing rapport _ Eliciting information about the nature of the problem• Carrying out a physical examination• Arriving at a diagnosis• Communicating the diagnosis and its implications, discussing treatment options, and• providing treatment• Responding to psychological needs and helping the individual deal with any social implications of the problem• Preventing a recurrence• Notifying partners
  24. 24. GROUP WORK
  25. 25. PREVENTION OF STIs IN YOUNG PEOPLEAim of the sessionTo highlight the important contributions of health-service providers in preventing STIs among young people.
  26. 26. Strategies for preventing infection with STIs• Promoting abstinence among young people.• Promoting safer sex• Promoting partner notification
  27. 27. ROLE PLAYS

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