Internet history


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Internet history

  1. 1. The History of The Internet andthe World Wide Web Dominic Carreon Jaime Calabig CJ Herrera Luke Fernandez Javi BauzaDownloaded from 5 Sep 2012 and adapted.
  2. 2. 1969  ARPA (Advanced Research Projects Agency) goes online in December, connecting four major U.S. universities. Designed for research, education, and government organizations, it provides a communications network linking the country in the event that a military attack destroys conventional communications systems.Nuclear attack: now more likely to be an urban myth. See here:look at section “Misconception of design goals
  3. 3. 1972 Electronic mail is introduced by Ray Tomlinson, a Cambridge, Mass., computer scientist. He uses the @ to distinguish between the senders name and network name in the email addressQuery (14/9/12): is this accurate? First email systems were ontime-share systems in early 60s. Listen here, 50 secs in.What did Tomlinson contribute that was new?.
  4. 4. 1973 Transmission Control Protocol/Internet Protocol (TCP/IP) is designed (by whom?). 1983 it becomes the standard for communicating between computers over the Internet. One of these protocols, FTP (File Transfer Protocol), allows users to log onto a remote computer, list the files on that computer, and download files from that computer.
  5. 5. 1976  Presidential candidate Jimmy Carter and running mate Walter Mondale use email to plan campaign events.  Queen Elizabeth sends her first email. Shes the first state leader to do so.
  6. 6. 1982 1985  The word “Internet”  Quantum Computer is used for the first Services, which later time. changes its name to America Online, debuts. 1984 It offers email, electronic bulletin  Domain Name boards, news, and other System (DNS) is information. established, with network addresses identified by 1988 extensions such as  A virus called the .com, .org, and .edu. Internet Worm  Writer William temporarily shuts down Gibson coins the about 10% of the worlds term “cyberspace.” Internet servers.Gibson probably did Aka the Morris Wormnot coin the word
  7. 7. 1989  Tim Berners-Lee of CERN proposes a new approach to distributing information on the Internet. He calls it “Enquire”.  Becomes “WorldWideWeb” or “W3”. W3 has three new ideas: a hypertext publishing language; the hypertext transfer protocol (HTTP); and the system of URLs which extends the domain name system.Enquire Within Upon Everything
  8. 8. 1990 The first effort to index the Internet is created by Peter Deutsch at McGill University in Montreal, who devises Archie, an archive of FTP sites.
  9. 9. 1991  Gopher, which provides point-and-click navigation, is created at the University of Minnesota and named after the school mascot. Gopher becomes the most popular interface for several years.  Another indexing system, WAIS (Wide Area Information Server), is developed by Brewster Kahle of Thinking Machines Corp.
  10. 10. 1993 Mosaic developed by Marc Andreessen at the National Center for Supercomputing Applications (NCSA). Mosaic is the first GUI browser and quickly becomes dominant for navigating the Web. (At this time only 1% of all Internet traffic is Web traffic).
  11. 11. 1995  CompuServe, America Online, and Prodigy start providing dial-up Internet access.  Sun Microsystems releases the Internet programming language called Java.  The Vatican launches its own website,
  12. 12. 1996 Approximately 45 million people are using the Internet, with roughly 30 million of those in North America (United States and Canada), 9 million in Europe, and 6 million in Asia/Pacific (Australia, Japan, etc.). 43.2 million (44%) U.S. households own a personal computer, and 14 million of them are online.
  13. 13. 1997  The term “weblog” is coined. It’s later shortened to “blog.”
  14. 14. 1998 Google opens its first office, in California.
  15. 15. 1999  College student Shawn Fanning invents Napster, an application that allows users to swap music over the Internet. Becomes landmark legal case.  Internet users worldwide number 150 million by the beginning of 1999. More than 50% are from US.  “E-commerce” becomes the new buzzword as Internet shopping rapidly spreads.  is launched.
  16. 16. 2000 Viruses begin to ciruclate with greater frequency. “Love Bug” and “Stages” are two examples of self-replicating viruses that send themselves to people listed in a computer users email address book. The heavy volume of email messages being sent and received forces many infected companies to temporarily shut down their clogged networks.
  17. 17. 2000  The Internet bubble bursts, as the fountain of investment capital dries up and the Nasdaq stock index plunges, causing the initial public offering (IPO) window to slam shut and many dotcoms to close their doors.  America Online buys Time Warner for $16 billion. It’s the biggest merger of all time.
  18. 18. 2001  Napster is ordered to stop distributing copyrighted music. Develops a subscription- based service.  About 9.8 billion electronic messages are sent daily.  Wikipedia is created.
  19. 19. 2002 58.5% of the U.S. population (164.14 million people) uses the Internet. Worldwide there are 544.2 million users.
  20. 20. 2003 Its estimated that Internet users illegally download about 2.6 billion music files each month. Spam, unsolicited email, becomes a server- clogging menace. At this time it accounts for about half of all emails. Apple iTunes Music Store, which allows people to download songs for 99 cents each.
  21. 21. 2004  Internet Worm, called MyDoom or Novarg, spreads through Internet servers. About 1 in 12 email messages are infected.  Online spending reaches a record high—$117 billion in 2004, a 26% increase over 2003.
  22. 22. 2008 San Francisco: federal district court judge orders content removed from The case was brought by Julius Baer Bank and Trust, located in the Cayman Islands. A disgruntled ex- employee had provided Wikileaks with stolen documents that implicated the bank in asset hiding, money laundering, and tax evasion.
  23. 23. 2008 Microsoft is fined $1.5 billion by the European Commission for abusing its dominant market position, and failing to comply with a 2004 judgment, which ordered Microsoft to give competitors information necessary to operate with Windows. Total fines since 2004 now add up to $2.5billion.
  24. 24. SHORT QUIZ
  25. 25. Question 1Who introduced electronic mail? a. Steve Jobs b. Ray Tomlinson c. Bill Gates d. Shawn FanningAnswer:(b) Ray Tomlinson
  26. 26. Question 2Who is the first state leader to send email? a. Jimmy Carter b. Richard Nixon c. Queen Elizabeth d. Walter MondaleAnswer:(c) Queen Elizabeth
  27. 27. Question 3 What is the virus that shut down 10% of the world’s internet servers in 1988? a. Love Bug b. Stages c. Napster d. Internet Worm Answer:(d) Internet Worm
  28. 28. Question 4 Who developed Mosaic? a. Marc Andreessen b. Steve Wozniak c. Brewster Kahle d. Peter Deutsch Answer:(a) Marc Andreessen
  29. 29. Question 5 What year did Sun Microsystems launch Java? a. 1995 b. 1996 c. 1997 d. 1998 Answer:(a) 1995
  30. 30. Question 6The word “blog” is short for… a. joblog b. weblog c. coblog d. fablogAnswer:(b) weblog
  31. 31. Question 7What was the total amount of fines imposed on Microsoft the European Commission? a. $2.5 billion b. $3 billion c. $3.5 billion d. $4 billionAnswer:(a) $2.5 billion
  32. 32. Question 8 How much was Microsoft’s offer for Yahoo? a. $50 billion b. $44.5 billion c. $44.6 billion d. $44.4 billion Answer:(c) $44.6 billion
  33. 33. Question 9What is the name of the video game that gained 9 million subscribers? a. Starcraft b. Counter-Strike c. World of Warcraft d. HaloAnswer:(c) World of Warcraft