Paradigms & Frameworks Teaching and Learning with ICT
Teaching Styles (ORACLE) <ul><li>A  teaching strategy  is how aims are translated into practice (organization, learning ac...
Learning Styles (ORACLE) <ul><li>The way an individual typically approaches a learning situation and is a mix of cognitive...
Kolb <ul><li>Experiential Leaerning: Experience as the source of learning and development (1984) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Con...
Honey & Mumford <ul><li>The Manual of Learning Styles (1982) </li></ul><ul><li>Using Your Learning Styles (1983) </li></ul...
hmmm ... <ul><li>Coffield et al (2004) : 71 different theories of learning styles!. Mostly flawed and based on poorly vali...
Tutor, Tool, Tutee <ul><li>Taylor describes three modes of using computers in education, which he labels tutor, tool and t...
Tutor, Tool, Tutee (Taylor 1980) <ul><ul><li>When being used as a  tool  the computer has some functionality that saves th...
Tutor, Tool, Tutee <ul><ul><li>When being used as a  tutee  the computer is 'taught' something by being programmed by the ...
ICT Frameworks <ul><li>For more frameworks and a discussion see:  Index of Frameworks (Twining 2001) </li></ul><ul><li>  <...
Access, Collaborate, Communicate, Experience <ul><li>Reflections on the Computer in School (Taylor 2003) </li></ul><ul><ul...
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ICT paradigms frameworks

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ICT paradigms frameworks

  1. 1. Paradigms & Frameworks Teaching and Learning with ICT
  2. 2. Teaching Styles (ORACLE) <ul><li>A teaching strategy is how aims are translated into practice (organization, learning activities, balance of SoW); teaching tactics are how the strategy is implemented in interaction with learners. It is these tactics that make up the concept of a style. </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>For example:  </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Individual monitors - high level of indivdiual one-one interaction </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Class enquirers - maximize use of whole-class teaching </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Group instructors - interaction with groups </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Style changers - a mixture of these </li></ul></ul>
  3. 3. Learning Styles (ORACLE) <ul><li>The way an individual typically approaches a learning situation and is a mix of cognitive processes and personality. </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>ORACLE: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Attention seekers - seek individual attention teacher </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Intermittent workers - lowest levels of interaction, but high levels of distractive behaviour </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Solitary workers - low interaction all round; stay on task more. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Quiet collaborators - work consistent;y as part of group or class. Second highest on task rate. </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. Kolb <ul><li>Experiential Leaerning: Experience as the source of learning and development (1984) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Converger - abstractors and active experimentation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Diverger - concrete experience and reflective observation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Assimilator - abstractors and reflective observation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Accommodator - concrete experience and active experimentation </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. Honey & Mumford <ul><li>The Manual of Learning Styles (1982) </li></ul><ul><li>Using Your Learning Styles (1983) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Having an experience - Activist </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Reviewing the experience - Reflector </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Concluding from the experience - Theorist </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Planning the next steps - Pragmatist </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. hmmm ... <ul><li>Coffield et al (2004) : 71 different theories of learning styles!. Mostly flawed and based on poorly validated claims. </li></ul>
  7. 7. Tutor, Tool, Tutee <ul><li>Taylor describes three modes of using computers in education, which he labels tutor, tool and tutee. </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><ul><li>When being used as a tutor &quot;The computer presents some subject material, the student responds, the computer evaluates the response, and, from the results of the evaluation, determines what to present next.&quot; (p.3) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Example: SuccessMaker : Computer Curriculum Corporation (founded 1967 based on work done between IBM and Stanford University 1960-1967 ( See also similar PLATO ) </li></ul></ul>
  8. 8. Tutor, Tool, Tutee (Taylor 1980) <ul><ul><li>When being used as a tool the computer has some functionality that saves the learner time and allows her to focus her intellectual energy on higher order tasks. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><ul><li>  Example: Spreadsheet 1979 . See &quot; Was Visicalc the first spreadsheet? &quot; Wordprocessor Circa 1970 </li></ul></ul>
  9. 9. Tutor, Tool, Tutee <ul><ul><li>When being used as a tutee the computer is 'taught' something by being programmed by the learner.  </li></ul></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><ul><li>  Example: Logo. Developed 1967 by Bolt Beranek & Newman and MIT </li></ul></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul>
  10. 10. ICT Frameworks <ul><li>For more frameworks and a discussion see: Index of Frameworks (Twining 2001) </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul>
  11. 11. Access, Collaborate, Communicate, Experience <ul><li>Reflections on the Computer in School (Taylor 2003) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Change in teachers role </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Alternatives to text </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Alternatives to sequential information presentation and access </li></ul></ul><ul><li>but ... </li></ul><ul><ul><li>rate of change </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>information overload </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>dilution and uncertainy of identity </li></ul></ul>

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