Overview of NASA JSC White Sands Test Facility (WSTF)


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Overview of NASA's White Sands Test Facility

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  • Star 48
  • On July 6, 1962, NASA Headquarters announced the site selection for the Johnson Space Center (JSC) Propulsion Systems Development Facility, primarily to serve the Apollo Program. The name of the site was changed to White Sands Operations and again in June 1965 to White Sands Test Facility. Site planning activities began in August 1962, and actual construction began in May 1963 with construction of the access road from U. S. Highway 70. Design and construction for the original scope of the site proceeded through 1964 at a cost of $6.57 million. In the mid-1960’s, at the peak of the Apollo era, WSTF employed over 1,700 people. In 1970 WSTF faced closure, but because of environmental advantages, existing unique test facilities, and buffer zones, it was revitalized to perform hazardous tests for the Space Shuttle. Additional Construction for the Space Shuttle program began in 1974.
  • Explosion from 2000 lb mixture of liquid H2 & liquid O2Vertical Impact Test Explosive blasts equivalent to 500 lb TNT250 ft drop towerTests 1 to 300 lb TNT, C4, or pentolite150 lb monomethylhydrazine/LO2LOX/RP-1Hydrogen peroxide/Jet A (Jet-A is commercial aviation fuel. Very close to kerosene.)100-450 lb solid propellantOne STAR 48B4430 lb solid propellant
  • (300, 400 Areas) Rocket Propulsion Testing and Evaluation(200 Area) Oxygen Systems Testing and AnalysisPropellants and Aerospace Fluids Testing and Analysis(270)Hypervelocity Impact Testing(800 Area) Composite Pressure Systems Testing and Analysis
  • STAR 48High pressure oxygen poses a fire hazardMir Space StationAircraftLife supportMedical applicationsMust be assessed and mitigated to ensure personnel safety
  • Standard Materials Testing – Propellant Characterization
  • Oxygen Systems: Operation & MaintenanceFire Hazards in Oxygen SystemsCOPV Damage Detection CourseComposite Pressure Systems and Structure NDEHydrogen TrainingHypergolic Propellants TrainingStandard Testing Class
  • Air Force Support:Peacekeeper 4th Stage DemilitarizationMinuteman Upper Stage Life TestsMobile Oxygen Storage Tanks (Past)Vandenberg Air Force Base
  • Armadillo Aerospace Pixel with inset photo of actual WSTF Armadillo Aerospace Main Engine Firing (4/10/2009)----
  • VR Shop certified to work on Code relief valves
  • TS 401 3 hr 20 min continuous firing (Cassini)TS 401 Vacuum Test Cell (Minuteman)
  • Vertical take off and landing executed at WSMR May 21, 1996ODES TS 401Operation and Deployment Experiments Simulator
  • Overview of NASA JSC White Sands Test Facility (WSTF)

    1. 1. Economic Impact of WSTF - Fiscal Year 2011
    2. 2. NASA Vision To reach for new heights and reveal the unknown, so that what we do and learn will benefit all humankind.
    3. 3. WSTF Mission Statement Our mission is to provide the expertise and infrastructure to test and evaluate spacecraft materials, components, and propulsion systems to enable the safe exploration and use of space.
    4. 4. WSTF Location
    5. 5. WSTF Background • Constructed 1962-64 to Support Apollo Project • Component Facility of NASA Johnson Space Center • Occupies 28 square miles of the SW Corner of White Sands Missile Range (WSMR) • Annual Budget ~$79 Million (FY10) • ~60 NASA and ~660 Contractor Personnel (FY10)
    6. 6. WSTF Background (Con’t) • Large Buffer Zone and Controlled Remote Property for Hazardous Testing • Moderate Desert Climate Ideal for Year-round Testing • Environmental Permits in Place for Hazardous Testing
    7. 7. Organization Chart WSTF Manager John P. McManamen Deputy Manager Robert M. Cort Associate Manager-Technical David L. Baker Office of Procurement (BA) Jesse Brennan – Lead Administrative Officer Patsy A. Segura Financial Management (LA) Heather M. Moncrief – Lead Information Technology (IT) James M. Krupovage NS3 Safety & Mission Assurance Alton B. Luper Chief RC Facility Engineering Office Chief, John J. Villegas Deputy – J. Todd Kaufman RD Propulsion Test Office Robert R. Kowalski Chief RE Environmental Office Radel L. Bunker-Farrah Chief RF Materials and Components Laboratories Office Chief, Harold D. Beeson RH Technical Services Office Mary A. Burke Chief
    8. 8. High Energy Blast Facility
    9. 9. Capabilities • Rocket Propulsion Testing and Evaluation • Oxygen Systems Testing and Analysis • Propellants and Aerospace Fluids Testing and Analysis • Hypervelocity Impact Testing • Composite Pressure Systems Testing and Analysis
    10. 10. Propellant Testing Titanium Alloy Burning in 8 psia Oxygen
    11. 11. Space Environment Simulation Testing
    12. 12. STS-35 Space Shuttle window pit from orbital debris impact Hypervelocity Impact Test Laboratory
    13. 13. Composite Pressure Systems Testing and Analysis
    14. 14. WSTF Training Courses
    15. 15. Customer Base • Johnson Space Center International Space Station, Payloads, Crew Training, and Special Projects • NASA Headquarters and Other Field Centers – MPCV, SLS • Other US Government Agencies - ADFSW, Army, EPA, DOD, DOE,D OT (National Highway Traffic Safety & Federal Aviation Administrations), Navy Research Lab, USAF, VAFB
    16. 16. Customer Base (Con’t) • Commercial Industry Aerojet, Armadillo Aerospace, ASTM G4 Community, Blue Origin, Boeing, Cobham, Defe nse Advanced Research Projects Agency, National Center for Manufacturing, Orbital Sciences Corp, Pratt & Whitney, Scaled Composites, Inc., SpaceX, and Wendell Hull & Associates
    17. 17. Space Shuttle Test and Evaluation Acronyms •APU – Auxiliary Power Unit •ARCS – Aft Reaction Control System •COPV – Composite Overwrapped Pressure Vessels •FRCS – Forward Reaction Control System •OMS – Orbital Maneuvering System
    18. 18. International Space Station (ISS) Flight Components Orbital Debris Impact Propulsion Systems ORCA (Oxygen Recharge Compressor Assembly) Hydrazine Detector (Gold Salt) NORS (Nitrogen/Oxygen Recharge System) Materials Compatibility Oxygen Monitors
    19. 19. Multi-Purpose Crew Vehicle Crew Cabin Materials and Experiment Hypervelocity Impact Testing (Orbital Debris Impact) Materials Compatibility Payloads Offgassing Engine Testing Propulsion Thruster Maintenance and Repair Composite Overwrapped Pressure Vessels
    20. 20. Space Launch Systems Materials Compatibility Engine Testing Composite Overwrapped Pressure Vessels Offgassing Payloads
    21. 21. Facilities • Rocket Engine System Test Stands with Vacuum • Long-duration Large-altitude Simulation System • Full-scale Hypergolic and Cryogenic Propulsion Test Systems • Chemistry and Metallurgical Laboratories • Flight Component Repair, Refurbishment, and Test Facilities • High Energy Blast Facility • Oxygen-enriched Atmosphere Test Facilities • Hypergolic Materials and Components Test Facilities • Hypervelocity and Low Velocity Impact Test Facilities • White Sands Space Harbor (WSSH)
    22. 22. Materials and Components Laboratories Office • Micrometeoroid/Debris Hypervelocity Impact Testing • Propellant and Explosion Hazards Assessment • Research on Flammability of Materials including Metals in Oxygen-enriched Atmospheres
    23. 23. Materials and Components Laboratories Office Components Failure Test and Analysis Molecular Analysis of Surface Effects using X-ray Photoelectron Spectroscopy
    24. 24. Materials and Components Laboratories Office Flammability Testing
    25. 25. Technical Services Office Critical Flight Hardware Assembly Flight Critical System Components Refurbishment Flight Hardware Production
    26. 26. Technical Services Office Precision Cleaning of Flight Critical Items Measurement Standards and Calibration Lab Industrial and Scientific Imaging and Documentation
    27. 27. Technical Services Office Machine and Weld Valve Repair Facility
    28. 28. Propulsion Test Office Shuttle PRCS Thruster Hot-fire Testing Cassini – Saturn Orbit Insertion Engine Test Minuteman Qualification Firing
    29. 29. Propulsion Test Office LOX Methane Engine Test
    30. 30. Propulsion Test Office Night Firing of Shuttle Forward RCS Primary and Vernier Thrusters
    31. 31. Propulsion Test Office Static Firing of DC-X with Four LOX/Hydrogen RL10-A5 Engines Test Firing R4D Engine
    32. 32. Educational and Community Outreach • • • • • • • NASA Explorer Schools in New Mexico Design Competitions FIRST (For Inspiration and Recognition of Science and Technology) Robotics Program New Mexico Mathematics, Engineering, Science Achievement (MESA) and MESA USA Schools & Regional Science and Engineering Fairs Science Education Alliance and the Science Advisor (SCIAD) Program Educational Tours of WSTF • • • • • • DC-9 Microgravity Fly High Program X PRIZE and International Symposium for Personal & Commercial Spaceflight (ISPCS) Las Cruces Chamber of Commerce Military Affairs Committee Doña Ana County Spaceport Educational Initiative Hydrogen Technology Partnership (HyTeP) Oxygen and Hydrogen Safe System Operations Training to New Mexico State University (NMSU) and area hospitals
    33. 33. Educational Outreach