CSA REFEREE DEVELOPMENT Guidelines for Referees BACK TO BASICS
AIM <ul><li>Referee Considerations </li></ul><ul><li>Guidance for Assistant Referees </li></ul>
TOPICS Referee Consideration <ul><li>Positioning </li></ul><ul><li>Referee signals </li></ul><ul><li>Use of the whistle </...
POSITIONING  (set play) <ul><ul><li>“ The  best  position is one in which the referee can take the  right  decision” </li>...
 
 
POSITIONING (dead ball)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
<ul><ul><li>“ The  best  position is one in which the referee can take the  right  decision” </li></ul></ul>POSITIONING  (...
<ul><li>Compulsory </li></ul><ul><ul><li>To start play ( 1 st , 2 nd   half) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>To stop play </li>...
Referee Signals Free kicks
Referee Signals Advantage
Body Language <ul><li>Body language is: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>A tool for the referee to help him control the match. </li><...
 
Guidelines for Assistant Referees
Topics <ul><li>Duties and Responsibilities </li></ul><ul><li>Positioning & Team work </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Kick-off </li><...
<ul><li>Two assistant referees are appointed. Their duties, subject to the decision of the referee, are to indicate: </li>...
<ul><ul><li>When misconduct or any other incident has occurred  out of the view  of the referee. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><l...
P o s I t I o n I n g <ul><li>1. KICK OFF  </li></ul><ul><ul><li>In line with the second last defender  </li></ul></ul>
P o s I t I o n I n g <ul><li>2. GENERAL POSITIONING  </li></ul><ul><ul><li>In line with the  second last defender  or  th...
P o s I t I o n I n g <ul><li>3. GOAL KICK  </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Check ball is inside goal area  (1) </li></ul></ul><ul><...
P o s I t I o n I n g <ul><li>3. GOAL KICK  </li></ul><ul><ul><li>If the  second last defender  takes the goal kick,  AR  ...
P o s I t I o n I n g <ul><li>3. GOAL KICK  </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Check the offside line  (3),   which is a priority </li>...
P o s I t I o n I n g <ul><li>4. GOALKEEPER RELEASING THE BALL </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Check the goalkeeper does not touch t...
P o s I t I o n I n g <ul><li>4. GOALKEEPER RELEASING THE BALL </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Check the goalkeeper does not touch t...
P o s I t I o n I n g <ul><li>5. PENALTY KICK </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The Assistant Referee should be on the intersection of...
P o s I t I o n I n g <ul><li>5. PENALTY KICK </li></ul><ul><ul><li>If the goalkeeper has  blatantly  moved forward before...
P o s I t I o n I n g <ul><li>6. KICKS FROM THE PENALTY MARK </li></ul><ul><ul><li>One  A. R.  should be on intersection o...
P o s I t I o n I n g <ul><li>7. “GOAL” SITUATIONS (Normal situations) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Eye contact with the referee....
P o s I t I o n I n g <ul><li>7. “GOAL” SITUATIONS (Tight decisions) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>First raise the FLAG to call re...
P o s I t I o n I n g <ul><li>8. “NO GOAL” SITUATIONS (Tight decisions) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Continue with the play.  </l...
P o s I t I o n I n g <ul><li>9. CORNER KICK </li></ul><ul><ul><li>AR’s position behind the corner flag in line with the g...
<ul><li>As a general rule,  no obvious  hand signals must be given by A. R. </li></ul><ul><li>In some situations, a  discr...
<ul><ul><li>As a general rule,  face the field of play </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Side-to-side movement  especially to jud...
Flag technique <ul><li>Flag held down, always visible to referee and unfurled. </li></ul><ul><li>Flag still while running....
Flag Technique <ul><li>Before signalling: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Stop  </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Ensure you are facing the...
AR R NEAR A. R. POSITION <ul><ul><li>Clear situations </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Directly show direction </li></ul></u...
AR R FAR FROM A. R. POSITION <ul><ul><li>Other situations </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Raise the flag </li></ul></ul></u...
THE GOAL KICK &  THE CORNER KICK Flag technique <ul><li>Flag with the right hand for goal kick (better line of vision) and...
AR R NEAR A.R. POSITION <ul><ul><li>Clear situations </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Show goal kick or corner kick directly...
Flag Technique – Offside <ul><li>If an A.R. is not totally sure about an offside offence, the flag should not be raised (F...
Flag Technique – Substitution   <ul><li>A.R. is informed by 4th official </li></ul><ul><li>Flag signal in the next stoppag...
Flag Technique – Fouls <ul><li>Raise the flag with the  appropriate hand </li></ul><ul><li>Agitate the flag </li></ul><ul>...
If the flag is not seen immediately by the referee, the A.R. must keep signalling until it has been acknowledged or the ba...
Thank You   Questions?
 
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back to basics- referees

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This presentation is to form part of the Refresher or Winter Training programmes for ALL referees throughout Canada. It brings us BACK to BASICS, establishes a starting position from which all referees are expected to operate and a platform for development. It will provide assessors with the ability to measure performance, identify strengths and training needs for education and development to grow for the support of referees at whatever level they operate. It is based upon the recommendations and Guidance issued by FIFA and as such the CSA expects that its officials will work within these guidelines rather than operate unilaterally.

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  • This presentation is to form part of the Refresher or Winter Training programmes for ALL referees throughout Canada. It brings us BACK to BASICS, establishes a starting position from which all referees are expected to operate and a platform for development. It will provide assessors with the ability to measure performance, identify strengths and training needs for education and development to grow for the support of referees at whatever level they operate. It is based upon the recommendations and Guidance issued by FIFA and as such the CSA expects that its officials will work within these guidelines rather than operate unilaterally.
  • back to basics- referees

    1. 1. CSA REFEREE DEVELOPMENT Guidelines for Referees BACK TO BASICS
    2. 2. AIM <ul><li>Referee Considerations </li></ul><ul><li>Guidance for Assistant Referees </li></ul>
    3. 3. TOPICS Referee Consideration <ul><li>Positioning </li></ul><ul><li>Referee signals </li></ul><ul><li>Use of the whistle </li></ul><ul><li>Body language </li></ul>
    4. 4. POSITIONING (set play) <ul><ul><li>“ The best position is one in which the referee can take the right decision” </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The positions suggested in the following graphics are basic and recommended for all referees. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The referee, based on these recommendations, must look for the best position, taking into account other circumstances. </li></ul></ul>
    5. 7. POSITIONING (dead ball)
    6. 17. <ul><ul><li>“ The best position is one in which the referee can take the right decision” </li></ul></ul>POSITIONING (Ball in play) <ul><li>Play between R and AR where possible </li></ul><ul><li>Not interfering with play or the players </li></ul>
    7. 18. <ul><li>Compulsory </li></ul><ul><ul><li>To start play ( 1 st , 2 nd half) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>To stop play </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Free kicks, penalties </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Stops, suspends or terminates the match </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>To restart play </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Free kicks where wall managed by Referee </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Penalty kick </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Optional </li></ul><ul><ul><li>To stop play </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Goal kick, corner kick, throw-in </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Goals (if tight decision) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>To restart play </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Free kick, goal kick, corner kick, throw-in </li></ul></ul></ul>Use of Whistle
    8. 19. Referee Signals Free kicks
    9. 20. Referee Signals Advantage
    10. 21. Body Language <ul><li>Body language is: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>A tool for the referee to help him control the match. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Shows authority and self-control. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Body language is not : </li></ul><ul><ul><li>An explanation of the decision. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>To show arrogance, self importance or overconfidence </li></ul></ul>
    11. 23. Guidelines for Assistant Referees
    12. 24. Topics <ul><li>Duties and Responsibilities </li></ul><ul><li>Positioning & Team work </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Kick-off </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Goal kick </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Penalty kick </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Goal situations </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Corner kick </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Gestures </li></ul><ul><li>Running Technique </li></ul><ul><li>Flag Technique </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Throw-in, goal kick, corner kick </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Offside </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Fouls </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Substitution </li></ul></ul>
    13. 25. <ul><li>Two assistant referees are appointed. Their duties, subject to the decision of the referee, are to indicate: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>When the whole of the ball has passed out of the field of play. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Which side is entitled to a corner kick, goal kick or throw-in . </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>When a player may be penalised for being in an offside position . </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>When a substitution is requested. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>(Continued…) </li></ul></ul>Duties and Responsibilities
    14. 26. <ul><ul><li>When misconduct or any other incident has occurred out of the view of the referee. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>When offences have been committed whenever the assistants are closer to the action than the referee (this includes, in particular circumstances, offences committed in the penalty area) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Whether, at penalty kicks , the goalkeeper has moved forward before the ball has been kicked and if the ball has crossed the line. </li></ul></ul>Duties and Responsibilities
    15. 27. P o s I t I o n I n g <ul><li>1. KICK OFF </li></ul><ul><ul><li>In line with the second last defender </li></ul></ul>
    16. 28. P o s I t I o n I n g <ul><li>2. GENERAL POSITIONING </li></ul><ul><ul><li>In line with the second last defender or the ball </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Wherever possible – face the field of play </li></ul></ul>
    17. 29. P o s I t I o n I n g <ul><li>3. GOAL KICK </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Check ball is inside goal area (1) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>If the ball is not correctly placed, the AR should not move from his position and make eye contact with the referee and raise the flag </li></ul></ul></ul>
    18. 30. P o s I t I o n I n g <ul><li>3. GOAL KICK </li></ul><ul><ul><li>If the second last defender takes the goal kick, AR should move to the edge of the penalty area (2) </li></ul></ul>
    19. 31. P o s I t I o n I n g <ul><li>3. GOAL KICK </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Check the offside line (3), which is a priority </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Check also that the ball goes outside penalty area (Ball in play) and that the attackers are outside </li></ul></ul>
    20. 32. P o s I t I o n I n g <ul><li>4. GOALKEEPER RELEASING THE BALL </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Check the goalkeeper does not touch the ball with his hands outside penalty area (2) </li></ul></ul>
    21. 33. P o s I t I o n I n g <ul><li>4. GOALKEEPER RELEASING THE BALL </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Check the goalkeeper does not touch the ball with his hands outside penalty area (2) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Check the offside line (3), which is a priority </li></ul></ul>
    22. 34. P o s I t I o n I n g <ul><li>5. PENALTY KICK </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The Assistant Referee should be on the intersection of the goal line and penalty area </li></ul></ul>
    23. 35. P o s I t I o n I n g <ul><li>5. PENALTY KICK </li></ul><ul><ul><li>If the goalkeeper has blatantly moved forward before the ball has been kicked and the goal is not scored , the AR has to raise his flag . </li></ul></ul>
    24. 36. P o s I t I o n I n g <ul><li>6. KICKS FROM THE PENALTY MARK </li></ul><ul><ul><li>One A. R. should be on intersection of goal line and goal area. His duty: Check if the ball has crossed the line. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Other A.R. on centre circle with the rest of players. </li></ul></ul>
    25. 37. P o s I t I o n I n g <ul><li>7. “GOAL” SITUATIONS (Normal situations) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Eye contact with the referee. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Run quickly to halfway line (25 - 30 metres) and no FLAG. </li></ul></ul>
    26. 38. P o s I t I o n I n g <ul><li>7. “GOAL” SITUATIONS (Tight decisions) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>First raise the FLAG to call referee’s attention. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>And run quickly to halfway line. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Use BEEP if available. </li></ul></ul>
    27. 39. P o s I t I o n I n g <ul><li>8. “NO GOAL” SITUATIONS (Tight decisions) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Continue with the play. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Eye contact with the referee. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Wait for eye consultation (discreet hand signal). </li></ul></ul>
    28. 40. P o s I t I o n I n g <ul><li>9. CORNER KICK </li></ul><ul><ul><li>AR’s position behind the corner flag in line with the goal line. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Do not interfere with the players. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Check the ball is inside the corner arc : </li></ul></ul>CORRECT CORRECT INCORRECT CORRECT
    29. 41. <ul><li>As a general rule, no obvious hand signals must be given by A. R. </li></ul><ul><li>In some situations, a discreet hand signal may give valuable support to the referee. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>I.E. On very tight decisions, when the ball stays in play (throw-in). </li></ul></ul>Gestures
    30. 42. <ul><ul><li>As a general rule, face the field of play </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Side-to-side movement especially to judge offside ( better line of vision ). </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Running forwards when sprinting. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Be in a “ready position” before sprinting. </li></ul></ul>Running Technique
    31. 43. Flag technique <ul><li>Flag held down, always visible to referee and unfurled. </li></ul><ul><li>Flag still while running. </li></ul><ul><li>When signalling, flag is like an extension of the arm. </li></ul>
    32. 44. Flag Technique <ul><li>Before signalling: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Stop </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Ensure you are facing the field of play </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Raise the flag with the appropriate hand (fouls and throw-in). If necessary , change hands BEFORE raising the flag </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Make eye contact with the referee </li></ul></ul>
    33. 45. AR R NEAR A. R. POSITION <ul><ul><li>Clear situations </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Directly show direction </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Priority for A.R. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>If any doubt: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Raise the flag </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Make eye contact </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Referee signals direction </li></ul></ul></ul>Whenever an A.R. signals the ball is out of the play, he must retain the signal until acknowledged by the referee Flag Technique – Throw-in
    34. 46. AR R FAR FROM A. R. POSITION <ul><ul><li>Other situations </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Raise the flag </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Make eye contact </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Priority for referee if A.R. not sure </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Very clear situations </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>A.R. can directly show direction along the touchline </li></ul></ul></ul>Flag Technique – Throw-in
    35. 47. THE GOAL KICK & THE CORNER KICK Flag technique <ul><li>Flag with the right hand for goal kick (better line of vision) and corner kick. </li></ul><ul><li>For tight decisions when the ball is out of play, raise the flag first. </li></ul>
    36. 48. AR R NEAR A.R. POSITION <ul><ul><li>Clear situations </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Show goal kick or corner kick directly </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Priority for A.R. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>If any doubt: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Raise the flag </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Make eye contact </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Follow referee’s signal </li></ul></ul></ul>FAR FROM A.R. POSITION <ul><ul><li>If obvious </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Show goal kick or corner kick directly </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>If in any doubt: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Raise the flag </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Make eye contact </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Priority for referee </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Confirm referee’s signal </li></ul></ul></ul>Flag technique – Goal & Corner kick
    37. 49. Flag Technique – Offside <ul><li>If an A.R. is not totally sure about an offside offence, the flag should not be raised (FIFA recommendation). </li></ul><ul><li>The flag is to be raised with the right hand (better line of vision), change to be made BEFORE the flag is raised </li></ul><ul><li>If the flag is not seen immediately by the referee, the A.R. must keep signalling until it has been recognised or the ball is clearly in control of the defending team. </li></ul>
    38. 50. Flag Technique – Substitution <ul><li>A.R. is informed by 4th official </li></ul><ul><li>Flag signal in the next stoppage in the match </li></ul><ul><li>A.R. does not need to move to the halfway line, unless instructed by the Referee </li></ul><ul><li>If there is no 4th official, A.R. assists with substitution procedures </li></ul>
    39. 51. Flag Technique – Fouls <ul><li>Raise the flag with the appropriate hand </li></ul><ul><li>Agitate the flag </li></ul><ul><li>Make eye contact </li></ul><ul><li>Show direction with the appropriate hand </li></ul><ul><li>Change hand with flag BEFORE raising </li></ul>
    40. 52. If the flag is not seen immediately by the referee, the A.R. must keep signalling until it has been acknowledged or the ball is clearly in control of the opposing team. Flag Technique – Fouls
    41. 53. Thank You Questions?

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